Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It is characterized by:
- Episodes of Vertigo
- Decreased hearing in one ear
- Increased tinnitus (ringing in the ear)
- Aural fullness (fullness in the ear)
Meniere’s disease is a potentially debilitatin inner ear disorder. Experts agree there is a relationship between buildup of inner ear fluid and pressure within the compartments of the inner ear. However, they do not agree why this happens.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Meniere’s Disease
Diagnosis is based primarily on a patient’s report of repeated episodes of symptoms and may include hearing tests.
In early stages of the disease, exams between episodes can be completely normal. As the disease progresses, exams may show hearing loss and reduced sensitivity in the affected ear.
An ENT specialist, otologist or neuro-otologist can best manage this disease. Treatments include:
- A salt-restricted diet and/or use of a diuretic (to reduce fluid retention
- Vestibular suppressant medications to reduce the intensity of vertigo and nausea
- Chemical ablative procedures (antibiotic injections in the ear )
- Low-dose steroids may provide relief without ablation