Profile

Ronny A. Bell, Ph.D.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Education & Training

  • B.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill , 1985
  • M.Ed., University of North Carolina-Greensboro , 1988
  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina-Greensboro , 1993
  • Fellowship, WFU School of Medicine, 1996
Ronny A. Bell, Ph.D.

Ronny A. Bell, Ph.D.

Director, Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity
Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention
Comprehensive Cancer Center
Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity
Hypertension and Vascular Research Center
Office of Women in Medicine and Science
Center for Diabetes Research
Center for Integrative Medicine
Family & Community Medicine
Social Sciences & Health Policy
Translational Science Institute

Research Interests

atherosclerosis/thrombosis, cancer/oncogenesis, computer science, diabetes, drugs/therapeutic agents pharm, education outreach, education/training (all f, t,, environmental sciences, epidemiology, health services, research/outc, maternal & child health, mental disorders/psychiatry/ps, minority health issues, model development, obesity, prevention, substance abuse, women's health issues

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-9736 | Department: 336-716-2011

Email: rbell@wakehealth.edu

Recent Publications

Sandberg JC, Suerken CK, Quandt SA, Altizer KP, Bell RA, Lang W, Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA. Self-reported sleep difficulties and self-care strategies among rural older adults. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2014;19(1):36-42.

Jaacks LM, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB Jr, Dolan LM, Imperatore G, Klingensmith G, Lawrence JM, Saydah S, Yi-Frazier J, Mayer-Davis EJ. Diabetes self-management education patterns in a US population-based cohort of youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2014;40(1):29-39.

Quandt SA, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Chen SH, Nguyen H, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Assessment of a short diabetes knowledge instrument for older and minority adults. Diabetes Educ. 2014;40(1):68-76.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, IP EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Patterns and stability over time of older adults' diabetes-related beliefs. Health Behav and Policy Rev. 2014;1(2):111-121.

Altizer KP, Nguyen HT, Neiberg RH, Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Relationship between nonprescribed therapy use for illness prevention and health promotion and health-related quality of life. J Appl Gerontol. 2014;33(4):456-473.

Kimes CM, Golden SL, Maynor RF, Spangler JG, Bell RA. Lessons learned in community research through the Native Proverbs 31 Health Project. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014;11():E59.

Jaacks LM, Crandell J, Liese AD, Lamichhane AP, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB Jr, Dolan LM, Marcovina S, Reynolds K, Shah AS, Urbina EM, Wadwa RP, Mayer-Davis EJ. No association of dietary fiber intake with inflammation or arterial stiffness in youth with type 1 diabetes. J Diabetes Complications. 2014;28(3):305-310.

Bell R, Arnold E, Golden S, Langdon S, Anderson A, Bryant A. Perceptions and psychosocial correlates of bullying among Lumbee Indian youth. Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res. 2014;21(1):1-17.

Dabelea D, Mayer-Davis EJ, Saydah S, Imperatore G, Linder B, Divers J, Bell R, Badaru A, Talton JW, Crume T, Liese AD, Merchant AT, Lawrence JM, Reynolds K, Dolan L, Liu LL, Hamman RF. Prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents from 2001 to 2009. JAMA. 2014;311(17):1778-1786.

Hood KK, Beavers DP, Yi-Frazier J, Bell R, Dabelea D, McKeown RE, Lawrence JM. Psychosocial burden and glycemic control during the first 6 years of diabetes: results from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. J Adolesc Health. 2014;55(4):498-504.

Lawrence JM, Imperatore G, Dabelea D, Mayer-Davis EJ, Linder B, Saydah S, Klingensmith GJ, Dolan L, Standiford DA, Pihoker C, Pettitt DJ, Talton JW, Thomas J, Bell RA, D'Agostino RB Jr. Trends in incidence of type 1 diabetes among non-Hispanic white youth in the United States, 2002-2009. Diabetes. 2014;():.

Arcury TA, Chen H, Savoca MR, Anderson AM, Leng X, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Ethnic variation in oral health and social integration among older rural adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;32(3):302-323.

Bell RA, Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg R, Altizer KP, Lang W, Arcury TA. Patterns of complementary therapy use for symptom management for older rural adults with diabetes. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2013;18(2):93-99.

Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Neiberg R, Lang W, Nguyen H, Altizer KP, Arcury TA. Medical skepticism and complementary therapy use among older rural African-Americans and Whites. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2013;24(2):777-787.

Beech BM, Calles-Escandon J, Hairston KG, Langdon SE, Latham-Sadler BA, Bell RA. Mentoring programs for underrepresented minority faculty in academic medical centers: a systematic review of the literature. Acad Med. 2013;88(4):541-549.

Ahmad T, Song E, Russell G, Howard-McNatt M, Bell RA, Stewart JH. An analysis of disparities in surgical oncology trials for lung cancer [abstract]. Ann Surg Oncol. 2013;20(Suppl 1):S117.

Bell RA, Arcury TA, Ip E, Grzywacz JG, Nguyen H, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2013;37(5):660-666.

Nguyen HT, Kirk JK, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Cognitive function is a risk for health literacy in older adults with diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013;101(2):141-147.

Arcury TA, Bell RA, Altizer KP, Grzywacz JG, Sandberg JC, Quandt SA. Attitudes of older adults regarding disclosure of complementary therapy use to physicians. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;32(5):627-645.

Bell RA. Foreward: understanding and addressing disparities in diabetes and obesity. Fam Community Health. 2013;36(4):282-283.

Quandt SA, Reynolds T, Chapman C, Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Arcury TA. Older adults' fears about diabetes: using common sense models of disease to understand fear origins and implications for self-management. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;32(7):783-803.

Barnes TL, Crandell JL, Bell RA, Mayer-Davis EJ, Dabelea D, Liese AD. Change in DASH diet score and cardiovascular risk factors in youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Nutr Diabetes. 2013;3():e91.

Altizer KP, Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Bell RA, Sandberg JC, Arcury TA. Traditional and commercial herb use in health self-management among rural multiethnic older adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;32(4):387-407.

Jaiswal M, Lauer A, Martin CL, Bell RA, Divers J, Dabelea D, Pettitt DJ, Saydah S, Pihoker C, Standiford DA, Rodriguez BL, Pop-Busui R, Feldman EL. Peripheral neuropathy in adolescents and young adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth follow-up cohort: a pilot study. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(12):3903-3908.

Arnold EM, McCall WV, Anderson AA, Golden S, Langdon S, Bryant A, Bell R. Sleep problems, suicidality and depression among American Indian youth. J Sleep Disord: Treat Care. 2013;2(3):.

Ip EH, Saldana S, Chen SH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Nguyen H, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Unreliable item or inconsistent person? A study of variation in health beliefs and belief-anchors to biomedical models. J Health Psychol. 2013;():.

Altizer KP, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Bell R, Arcury TA. A qualitative analysis of how elders seek and disseminate health information. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2013;35(4):337-353.

Sandberg JC, Grzywacz JG, Suerken CK, Altizer KP, Quandt SA, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Lang W, Arcury TA. Older adults' use of care strategies in response to general and upper respiratory symptoms. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;():.

Arcury TA, Nguyen HT, Sandberg JC, Neiberg RH, Altizer KP, Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Quandt SA. Use of complementary therapies for health promotion among older adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;():.

Yi-Frazier JP, Hood K, Case D, Waitzfelder B, Anderson A, Bloch CA, Naughton M, Seid M, Imperatore G, Loots B, Bell R, Lawrence JM. Caregiver reports of provider recommended frequency of blood glucose monitoring and actual testing frequency for youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2012;95(1):68-75.

Grzywacz JG, Neiberg R, Quandt SA, Lang W, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Measuring differential beliefs in complementary therapy research: an exploration of the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Beliefs Inventory (CAMBI). Complement Ther Med. 2012;20(1-2):54-60.

Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Nguyen H, Altizer K, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Older adults' self-management of daily symptoms: complementary therapies, self-care, and medical care. J Aging Health. 2012;24(4):569-597.

Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Altizer K, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Daily symptom management practices for arthritis used by older adults. J Aging Health. 2012;24(4):598-615.

Bell RA, Arcury TA, Anderson AM, Chen H, Savoca MR, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Dental anxiety and oral health outcomes among rural older adults. J Public Health Dent. 2012;72(1):53-59.

Grzywacz JG, Stoller EP, Brewer-Lowry AN, Bell RA, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. Gender and health lifestyle: an in-depth exploration of self-care activities in later life. Health Educ Behav. 2012;39(3):332-340.

Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Performance of health literacy tests among older adults with diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2012;27(5):534-540.

Bell R, Arcury T, Ip E, Grzywacz J, Nguyen H, Kirk J, Saldana S, Quandt S. Demographic, health and self-management correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes [abstract]. Diabetes. 2012;61(Suppl 1):A582.

Bell R, Quandt S, Grzywacz J, Neiberg R, Lang W, Arcury T. Patterns of complementary therapy use among rural older adults with diabetes [abstract]. Diabetes. 2012;61(Suppl 1):A585.

Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Altizer K, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Arcury TA. The relationship between cognitive function and non-prescribed therapy use in older adults. Aging Ment Health. 2012;16(5):648-658.

Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Saldana S, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA. Social integration and diabetes management among rural older adults. J Aging Health. 2012;24(6):899-922.

Arcury TA, Savoca MR, Anderson AM, Chen H, Gilbert GH, Bell RA, Leng X, Reynolds T, Quandt SA. Dental care utilization among North Carolina rural older adults. J Public Health Dent. 2012;72(3):190-197.

Nguyen HT, Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. The association of mental conditions with blood glucose levels in older adults with diabetes. Aging Ment Health. 2012;16(8):950-957.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, Reynolds T, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA. Cultural basis for diabetes-related beliefs among low- and high-education African American, American Indian, and White older adults. Ethn Dis. 2012;22(4):466-472.

Fleischhacker S, Byrd RR, Ramachandran G, Vu M, Ries A, Bell RA, Evenson KR. Tools for healthy tribes: improving access to healthy foods in Indian country. Am J Prev Med. 2012;43(3 Suppl 2):S123-S129.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Saldana S, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Ip E, Quandt SA. Social control in older adults' diabetes self management and well-being. Behav Med. 2012;38(4):115-120.

Bell RA. Understanding and addressing health disparities in North Carolina [invited commentary]. N C Med J. 2012;73(5):389-394.

Barnes TL, Crandell JL, Bell RA, Mayer-Davis EJ, Dabelea D, Liese AD. Change in adherence to DASH diet and cardiovascular risk factors in youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study [abstract]. FASEB J. 2012;26():633.4.

Hood KK, Lawrence JM, Anderson A, Bell R, Dabelea D, Daniels S, Rodriguez B, Dolan LM. Metabolic and inflammatory links to depression in youth with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(12):2443-2446.

Schwartz RP, Vitolins MZ, Case LD, Armstrong SC, Perrin EM, Cialone J, Bell RA. The YMCA Healthy, Fit, and Strong Program: a community-based, family-centered, low-cost obesity prevention/treatment pilot study. Child Obes. 2012;8(6):577-582.

Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Nguyen HT, Altizer K, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Daily use of complementary and other therapies for symptoms among older adults: study design and illustrative results. J Aging Health. 2011;23(1):52-69.

Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Impact of denture usage patterns on dietary quality and food avoidance among older adults. J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr. 2011;30(1):86-102.

Quandt SA, Savoca MR, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Gilbert GH, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Arcury TA. Dry mouth and dietary quality in older adults in North Carolina. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011;59(3):439-445.


Bortsov A, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB Jr, Hamman RF, Klingensmith GJ, Lawrence JM, Maahs DM, McKeown R, et al. Correlates of dietary intake in youth with diabetes: results from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2011;43(2):123-129.

Liese AD, Bortsov A, Gunther ALB, Dabelea D, Reynolds K, Standiford DA, Liu L, Williams DE, D'Agostino RB Jr, Bell R, et al. Association of DASH diet with cardiovascular risk factors in youth with diabetes mellitus: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Circulation. 2011;123(13):1410-1417.

Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Chapman C, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Ip EH, Quandt SA. Blood glucose symptom recognition: perspectives of older rural adults. Diabetes Educ. 2011;37(3):363-369.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Older adults' common sense models of diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2011;35(3):318-333.

Bortsov A, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB Jr, Hamman RF, Klingensmith GJ, Lawrence JM, Maahs DM, McKeown R, et al. Response to insulin regimen-associated differences in diets of preadolescents with type 1 diabetes [letter]. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2011;43(3):E6.

Stoller EP, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Bell RA, Chapman C, Altizer KP, Arcury TA. Calling the doctor: a qualitative study of patient-initiated physician consultation among rural older adults. J Aging Health. 2011;23(5):782-805.

Black MH, Anderson A, Bell RA, Dabelea D, Pihoker C, Saydah S, Seid M, Standiford DA, Waitzfelder B, Marcovina SM, et al. Prevalence of asthma and its association with glycemic control among youth with diabetes. Pediatrics. 2011;128(4):e839-47.

Waitzfelder B, Pihoker C, Klingensmith G, Case D, Anderson A, Bell RA, Lawrence JM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Imperatore G, Standiford D, et al. Adherence to guidelines for youths with diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics. 2011;128(3):531-538.

Larsson HE, Vehik K, Bell R, Dabelea D, Dolan L, Pihoker C, Knip M, Veijola R, Lindblad B, Samuelsson U, et al. Reduced prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in young children participating in longitudinal follow-up. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(11):2347-2352.

Bortsov AV, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB Jr, Hamman RF, Klingensmith GJ, Lawrence JM, Maahs DM, McKeown R, Marcovina SM, Thomas J, Williams DE, Mayer-Davis EJ. Sugar-sweetened and diet beverage consumption is associated with cardiovascular risk factor profile in youth with type 1 diabetes. Acta Diabetol. 2011;48(4):275-282.

Sherman AM, Skrzypek A, Bell R, Tatum C, Paskett ED. The contribution of social support and social strain to depressive symptoms in African American, Native American, and European American women. J Soc Pers Relat. 2011;28(8):1104-1129.

Bell RA. Barriers to diabetes prevention and control among American Indians. N C Med J. 2011;72(5):393-396.

Bell RA, Andrews JS, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Golden SL, Quandt SA. Depressive symptoms and diabetes self-management among rural older adults. Am J Health Behav. 2010;34(1):36-44.

Quandt SA, Chen H, Bell RA, Savoca MR, Anderson AM, Leng X, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Arcury TA. Food avoidance and food modification practices of older rural adults: association with oral health status and implications for service provision. Gerontologist. 2010;50(1):100-111.

Bell R, Bertoni A, Calles J, Hairston K, Hunter J, Mount D, Whitt-Glover MC. The epidemiology of diabetes in African Americans In: Jack L Jr, Fonseca VA, Graham GN, eds. Diabetes in Black America: public health and clinical solutions to a national crisis. Roscoe (IL): Hilton Publishing Company;2010: 5-25.

Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Frazier RJ, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Severe tooth loss in older adults as a key indicator of compromised dietary quality. Public Health Nutr. 2010;13(4):466-474.

Bell R. Poverty's impact on the health of North Carolina: the socioeconomic determinants of health [commentary]. N C Med J. 2010;71(1):77-78.

Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Ip EH, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Linking glycemic control and executive function in rural older adults with diabetes mellitus. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58(6):1123-1127.

Yi-Frazier JP, Waitzfelder B, Case D, Anderson A, Naughton M, Seid M, Bloch C, Bell R, Sadler M, Loots B, et al. Diabetes self-care recommendations and behaviors among youth with type 1 diabetes [abstract]. Ann Behav Med. 2010;39(Suppl 1):14.

Rodriguez BL, Dabelea D, Liese AD, Fujimoto W, Waitzfelder B, Liu L, Bell R, Talton J, Snively BM, Kershnar A, et al. Prevalence and correlates of elevated blood pressure in youth with diabetes mellitus: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study. J Pediatr. 2010;157(2):245-251.

Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Association between dietary quality of rural older adults and self-reported food avoidance and food modification due to oral health problems. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58(7):1225-1232.

Moore JB, Bell RA. Physical activity and obesity prevention in American Indian youth: the path forward [editorial]. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2010;16(5):379-380.

Brewer-Lowry AN, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Differentiating approaches to diabetes self-management of multi-ethnic rural older adults at the extremes of glycemic control. Gerontologist. 2010;50(5):657-667.

Lawrence JM, Hood K, Anderson A, Yi-Frazier JP, Case LD, Dabelea D, Bell R, Williams DE, McKeown R. Longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and glycaemic control among adolescents and young adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes [abstract]. Diabetologia. 2010;53(Suppl 1):A933.

Altizer KP, Quandt S, Grzywacz JG, Bell RA, Stoller EP, Arcury TA. The place of herb use in health self-management among rural older adults [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2010;50(Suppl 1):197-198.

Arcury TA, Neiberg R, Altizer KP, Bell RA, Lang W, Nguyen H, Quandt S. Using daily diaries to document use of complementary and other therapies for specific symptoms among rural older adults: study design and illustrative results [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2010;50(Suppl 1):198.

Gunther ALB, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, Lawrence JM, Rodriguez BL, Standiford DA, Mayer-Davis EJ. Association between the dietary approaches to hypertension diet and hypertension in youth with diabetes mellitus. Hypertension. 2009;53(1):6-12.

Mayer-Davis EJ, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino R Jr, Imperatore G, Lawrence JM, Liu L, Marcovina S. The many faces of diabetes in American youth: type 1 and type 2 diabetes in five race and ethnic populations: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(Suppl 2):S99-S101.

Mayer-Davis EJ, Beyer J, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino R Jr, Imperatore G, Lawrence JM, Liese AD, Liu L, Marcovina S, et al. Diabetes in African American youth: prevalence, incidence, and clinical characteristics: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(Suppl 2):S112-S122.

Bell RA, Mayer-Davis EJ, Beyer JW, D'Agostino RB Jr, Lawrence JM, Linder B, Liu LL, Marcovina SM, Rodriguez BL, Williams D, et al. Diabetes in non-Hispanic white youth: prevalence, incidence, and clinical characteristics: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(Suppl 2):S102-S111.

Whitt-Glover MC, Beech BM, Bell RA, Jackson SA, Loftin-Bell KA, Mount DL. Health disparities and minority health In: Shumaker SA, Ockene JK, Riekert KA, eds. The handbook of health behavior change. 3rd ed. New York: Springer;2009: 589-605.

Liese AD, Bortsov A, Gunther AL, Dabelea D, Reynolds K, Standiford D, Oiu L, Williams D, D'Agostino RB Jr, Bell R, et al. Association of DASH dietary index with CVD risk factors in youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study [abstract]. Circulation. 2009;119(10):e295.

Quandt SA, Bell RA, Snively BM, Vitolins MZ, Wetmore-Arkader LK, Arcury TA. Dietary fat reduction behaviors among African American, American Indian, and white older adults with diabetes. J Nutr Elder. 2009;28(2):143-157.

Mayer-Davis EJ, Ma B, Lawson A, D'Agostino RB Jr, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, Dolan L, Pettitt DJ, Rodriguez BL, et al. Cardiovascular disease risk factors in youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: implications of a factor analysis of clustering. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2009;7(2):89-96.

Bell RA, Arcury TA, Chen H, Anderson AM, Savoca MR, Kohrman T, Quandt SA. Use of tobacco products among rural older adults: prevalence of ever use and cumulative lifetime use. Addict Behav. 2009;34(8):662-667.

Quandt SA, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Savoca MR, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Arcury TA. Disparities in oral health status between older adults in a multiethnic rural community: the Rural Nutrition and Oral Health study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57(8):1369-1375.

Arcury TA, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Chen H, Savoca MR, Kohrman T, Quandt SA. Oral health self-care behaviors of rural older adults. J Public Health Dent. 2009;69(3):182-189.

Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Altizer KP, Chapman C, Quandt SA. Complementary therapy use and health self-management among rural older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2009;64(5):635-643.

Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Bell RA, Chen H, Anderson A, Kohrman T, Quandt SA. The diet quality of rural older adults in the South as measured by healthy eating index-2005 varies by ethnicity. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(12):2063-2067.

Petitti DB, Klingensmith GJ, Bell RA, Andrews JS, Dabelea D, Imperatore G, Marcovina S, Pihoker C, Standiford D, Waitzfelder B, et al. Glycemic control in youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. J Pediatr. 2009;155(5):668-672.

Quandt SA, Savoca MR, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Gilbert GH, Arcury TA. Food avoidance and modification influence dietary quality among multi-ethnic older rural adults [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2009;49(Suppl 2):512.

Arcury TA, Savoca M, Anderson A, Chen H, Leng X, Bell R, Quandt SA. Social isolation, oral health, and health related quality of life in a multi-ethnic sample of older rural adults [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2009;49(Suppl 2):34.

Kirk JK, Passmore LV, Bell RA, Venkat Narayan KM, D'Agostino RB Jr, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Disparities in A1C levels between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(2):240-246.

Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Neiberg R, Lang W, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Age-related differences in the conventional health care-complementary and alternative medicine link. Am J Health Behav. 2008;32(6):650-663.

Foy CG, Mount DM [sic] [Mount DL], Hairston KG, Hunter J, Bell RA. Race, ethnicity and adherence to health-promoting behaviors among older adults [abstract]. Ann Behav Med. 2008;35(Suppl 1):s24.

Lawrence JM, Liese AD, Liu L, Dabelea D, Anderson A, Imperatore G, Bell R. Weight-loss practices and weight-related issues among youth with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(12):2251-2257.

Liese AD, Liu L, Davis C, Standiford D, Waitzfelder B, Dabelea D, Bell R, Williams D, Imperatore G, Lawrence JM. Participation in pediatric epidemiologic research: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study experience. Contemp Clin Trials. 2008;29(6):829-836.

Maahs DM, Snively BM, Beyer J, Imperatore G, Bell R, Mayer-Davis EJ, Dolan LM, Pettitt DJ, Hirsch I, Rodriguez B, et al. Weight and elevated albumin to creatinine ratio in youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008;23(12):2255-2260.

Farmer DF, Bell RA. Factors associated with cancer screening among African American women In: Ilewang NT, Parsons EB, eds. Female African Americans and health research. New York: Nova Science Publishers;2008: 105-115.

Arcury T, Altizer K, Grzywacz J, Stoller E, Chapman C, Bell R, Lang W, Quandt S. CAM and health self-management among rural older adults: a typology [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2008;48(Special Issue 3):615.

Quandt S, Bell R, Chen H, Savoca M, Kohrman T, Ruggiero A, Arcury T. Oral health status of rural older adults in a multi-ethnic community [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2008;48(Special Issue 3):347.

Kirk JK, Graves DE, Bell RA, Hildebrandt CA, Narayan KMV. Racial and ethnic disparities in self-monitoring of blood glucose among US adults: a qualitative review. Ethn Dis. 2007;17(1):135-142.

Vitolins MZ, Tooze JA, Golden SL, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Davis C, Devellis RF, Quandt SA. Older adults in the rural south are not meeting healthful eating guidelines. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(2):265-272.

Grzywacz JG, Kuerken CK, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Bell RA, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. Age, ethnicity, and use of complementary and alternative medicine in health self-management. J Health Soc Behav. 2007;48(1):84-98.

Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Bell RA, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Quandt SA. Herbal remedy use as health self-management among older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2007;62B(2):S142-S149.

Quandt SA, Vitolins MZ, Smith SL, Tooze JA, Bell RA, Davis CC, DeVellis RF, Arcury TA. Comparative validation of standard, picture-sort and meal-based food-frequency questionnaires adapted for an elderly population of low socio-economic status. Public Health Nutr. 2007;10(5):524-532.

Tooze JA, Vitolins MZ, Smith SL, Arcury TA, Davis CC, Bell RA, DeVellis RF, Quandt SA. High levels of low energy reporting on 24-hour recalls and three questionnaires in an elderly low-socioeconomic status population. J Nutr. 2007;137(5):1286-1293.

Arcury TA, Stafford JM, Bell RA, Golden SL, Snively BM, Quandt SA. The association of health and functional status with private and public religious practice among rural, ethnically diverse, older adults with diabetes. J Rural Health. 2007;23(3):246-253.

Dabelea D, Bell RA, D'Agostino RB Jr, Imperatore G, Johansen JM, Linder B, Liu LL, Loots B, Marcovina S, Mayer-Davis EJ, et al. Incidence of diabetes in youth in the United States. JAMA. 2007;297(24):2716-2724.

Quandt SA, Graham CN, Bell RA, Snively BM, Golden SL, Stafford JM, Arcury TA. Ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life among older rural adults with diabetes. Ethn Dis. 2007;17(3):471-476.

Maahs DM, Snively BM, Bell RA, Dolan L, Hirsch I, Imperatore G, Linder B, Marcovina SM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Pettitt DJ, et al. Higher prevalence of elevated albumin excretion in youth with type 2 than type 1 diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(10):2593-2598.

Kirk JK, Bertoni AG, Case D, Bell RA, Goff DC Jr, Narayan KMV. Predicted risk of coronary heart disease among persons with type 2 diabetes. Coron Artery Dis. 2007;18(8):595-600.

Bell RA, Arcury TA, Stafford JM, Golden SL, Snively BM, Quandt SA. Ethnic and sex differences in ownership of preventive health equipment among rural older adults with diabetes. J Rural Health. 2007;23(4):332-338.

Bachar JJ, Lefler LJ, Reed L, McCoy T, Bailey R, Bell R. Cherokee choices: a diabetes prevention program for American Indians. Prev Chronic Dis. 2006;3(3):1-9.

Rodriguez BL, Fujimoto WY, Mayer-Davis EJ, Imperatore G, Williams DE, Bell RA, Wadwa RP, Palla SL, Liu LL, Kershnar A, et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in U.S. children and adolescents with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2006;29(8):1891-1896.

Kirk JK, D'Agostino RB Jr, Bell RA, Passmore LV, Bonds DE, Karter AJ, Narayan KMV. Disparities in HbA1c levels between African-American and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006;29(9):2130-2136.

Ma B, Lawson AB, Liese AD, Bell RA, Mayer-Davis EJ. Dairy, magnesium, and calcium intake in relation to insulin sensitivity: approaches to modeling a dose-dependent association. Am J Epidemiol. 2006;164(5):449-458.

Bell RA, Stafford JM, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Smith SL, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA. Complementary and alternative medicine use and diabetes self-management among rural older adults. Complement Health Pract Rev. 2006;11(2):95-106.

Bell RA, Suerken CK, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults with diabetes in the United States. Altern Ther Health Med. 2006;12(5):16-22.

Paskett E, Tatum C, Rushing J, Michielutte R, Bell R, Foley KL, Bittoni M, Dickinson SL, McAlearney AS, Reeves K. Randomized trial of an intervention to improve mammography utilization among a triracial rural population of women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006;98(17):1226-1237.

Bell RA, Stafford JM, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Smith SL, Quandt SA. Depressive symptoms and diabetes self-management among rural older adults [abstract]. Diabetes. 2006;55(Suppl 1):A420.

Bell RA, Suerken CK, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. CAM use among older adults age 65 or older with hypertension in the United States: general use and disease treatment. J Altern Complement Med. 2006;12(9):903-909.

Bell RA, Davis CC, Tooze JA, Vitolins MZ, Smith SL, Arcury TA, DeVellis RF, Quandt SA. Consumption of sugar- and fat-modified foods among rural older adults: the Rural Nutrition and Health (RUN) Study. J Nutr Elder. 2006;25(3-4):23-40.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

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