Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.Wake Forest Baptist Health

Doctor Rating

4.7 out of 5

67 Ratings

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Associate Professor,

Clinical Interests

Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke), Prevention and Treatment of Stroke and other Cerebrovascular Disease, Women's Health

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New Patient Appointments: 336-716-WAKE
Returning Patient Appointments: 336-716-4101
Department: 336-716-4101

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Education & Training

  • B.A., Pacific Lutheran University , 1987
  • M.D., Medical College of Wisconsin , 1995
  • Internship, Internal Medicine, Med Coll Wisc Affil Hosps, 1996
  • Residency, Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, 1999
  • Fellowship, Cerebrovascular Disease, Duke University School of Medi, 2001

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology, Neurology


  • Am Heart Association
  • Am Neurological Assn
  • Am Soc Of Neuroimaging
  • American Academy Of Neurology

NPI Number

  • 1437231685
Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Doctor Rating

4.7 out of 5

67 Ratings

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Associate Professor, Neurology
Hypertension and Vascular Research Center
Sticht Center on Aging
Office of Women in Medicine and Science

Research Interests

drugs/therapeutic agents pharm, genetics/genome, health services, research/outc, maternal & child health, minority health issues, neurosciences/behavior, rehabilitation, vascular diseases, women's health issues

Contact Information

Request An Appointment

Academic: 336-716-7548 | Department: 336-716-4101

Media Medical Expert »

Related Links

Recent Publications

Coker LH, Espeland MA, Hogan PE, Resnick SM, Bryan RN, Robinson JG, Goveas JS, Davatzikos C, Kuller LH, Williamson JD, Bushnell CD, Shumaker SA. Change in brain and lesion volumes after CEE therapies: the WHIMS-MRI studies. Neurology. 2014;82(5):427-434.

Bushnell CD, Reeves MJ, Zhao X, Pan W, Prvu-Bettger J, Zimmer L, Olson D, Peterson E. Sex differences in quality of life after ischemic stroke. Neurology. 2014;82(11):922-931.

Woo D, Falcone GJ, Devan WJ, Brown WM, Biffi A, Howard TD, Anderson CD, Brouwers HB, Valant V, Battey TW, Radmanesh F, Raffeld MR, Baedorf-Kassis S, Deka R, Woo JG, Martin LJ, Haverbusch M, Moomaw CJ, Sun G, Broderick JP, Flaherty ML,. Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies 1q22 as a susceptibility locus for intracerebral hemorrhage. Am J Hum Genet. 2014;94(4):511-521.

Bushnell C, McCullough LD, Awad IA, Chireau MV, Fedder WN, Furie KL, Howard VJ, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Pina IL, Reeves MJ, Rexrode KM, Saposnik G, Singh V, Towfighi A, Vaccarino V, Walters MR. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in women: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(5):1545-1588.

Katzan IL, Spertus J, Bettger JP, Bravata DM, Reeves MJ, Smith EE, Bushnell C, Higashida RT, Hinchey JA, Holloway RG, Howard G, King RB, Krumholz HM, Lutz BJ, Yeh RW. Risk adjustment of ischemic stroke outcomes for comparing hospital performance: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(3):918-944.

Bushnell C, Saposnik G. Evaluation and management of cerebral venous thrombosis. Continuum (Minneapolis, Minn.). 2014;20(2):335-351.

Bettger JP, Zhao X, Bushnell C, Zimmer L, Pan W, Williams LS, Peterson ED. The association between socioeconomic status and disability after stroke: findings from the Adherence eValuation After Ischemic stroke Longitudinal (AVAIL) registry. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):281.

Strowd RE, Wise SM, Umesi UN, Bishop L, Craig J, Lefkowitz D, Reynolds PS, Tegeler C, Arnan M, Duncan PW, Bushnell CD. Predictors of 30-day hospital readmission following ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Am J Med Qual. 2014;():.

Stamova B, Jickling GC, Ander BP, Zhan X, Liu D, Turner R, Ho C, Khoury JC, Bushnell C, Pancioli A, Jauch EC, Broderick JP, Sharp FR. Gene expression in peripheral immune cells following cardioembolic stroke is sexually dimorphic. PLoS One. 2014;9(7):e102550.

Arnan MK, Burke GL, Bushnell C. Secondary prevention of stroke in the elderly: focus on drug therapy. Drugs Aging. 2014;31(10):721-730.

Baghshomali S, Bushnell C. Reducing stroke in women with risk factor management: blood pressure and cholesterol. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2014;10(5):535-544.

Huxley RR, Bell EJ, Lutsey PL, Bushnell C, Shahar E, Rosamond W, Gottesman R, Folsom A. A comparative analysis of risk factors for stroke in blacks and whites: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Ethn Health. 2014;19(6):601-616.

Bushnell C, Arnan M, Han S. A new model for secondary prevention of stroke: transition coaching for stroke. Front Neurol. 2014;5():219.

Han SW, Song TJ, Bushnell CD, Lee SS, Kim SH, Lee JH, Kim GS, Kim OJ, Koh IS, Lee JY, Suk SH, Lee SI, Nam HS, Kim WJ, Lee KY, Park JH, Kim JY, Park JH. Cilostazol decreases cerebral arterial pulsatility in patients with mild white matter hyperintensities: subgroup analysis from the Effect of Cilostazol in Acute Lacunar Infarction Based on Pulsatility Index of Transcranial Doppler (ECLIPse) study. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014;38(3):197-203.

Grear KE, Bushnell CD. Stroke and pregnancy: clinical presentation, evaluation, treatment, and epidemiology. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2013;56(2):350-359.

Olson DM, Cox M, Pan W, Sacco RL, Fonarow GC, Zorowitz R, Labresh KA, Schwamm LH, Williams L, Goldstein LB, Bushnell CD, Peterson ED. Death and rehospitalization after transient ischemic attack or acute ischemic stroke: one-year outcomes from the adherence evaluation of acute ischemic stroke-longitudinal registry. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013;22(7):e181-e188.

Lisabeth L, Bushnell C. Stroke risk in women: the role of menopause and hormone therapy. Lancet Neurol. 2012;11(1):82-91.

Stamova B, Tian Y, Jickling G, Bushnell C, Zhan X, Liu D, Ander BP, Verro P, Patel V, Pevec WC, Hedayati N, Dawson DL, Jauch EC, Pancioli A, Broderick JP, Sharp FR. The X-chromosome has a different pattern of gene expression in women compared with men with ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2012;43(2):326-334.

Tian Y, Stamova B, Jickling GC, Xu H, Liu D, Ander BP, Bushnell C, Zhan X, Turner RJ, Davis RR, Verro P, Pevec WC, Hedayati N, Dawson DL, Khoury J, Jauch EC, Pancioli A, Broderick JP, Sharp FR. Y chromosome gene expression in the blood of male patients with ischemic stroke compared with male controls. Gend Med. 2012;9(2):68-75.

Tian Y, Stamova B, Jickling GC, Liu D, Ander BP, Bushnell C, Zhan X, Davis RR, Verro P, Pevec WC, Hedayati N, Dawson DL, Khoury J, Jauch EC, Pancioli A, Broderick JP, Sharp FR. Effects of gender on gene expression in the blood of ischemic stroke patients. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2012;32(5):780-791.

West A, Cox M, Zimmer LO, Fedder W, Weber C, Drew L, Peterson ED, Bushnell C, Olson DM. An evaluation of stroke education in AVAIL registry hospitals. J Neurosci Nurs. 2012;44(3):115-123.

El Husseini N, Goldstein LB, Peterson ED, Zhao X, Pan W, Olson DM, Zimmer LO, Williams JW Jr, Bushnell C, Laskowitz DT. Depression and antidepressant use after stroke and transient ischemic attack. Stroke. 2012;43(6):1609-1616.

Sides EG, Zimmer LO, Wilson L, Pan W, Olson DM, Peterson ED, Bushnell C. Medication coaching program for patients with minor stroke or TIA: a pilot study. BMC Public Health. 2012;12():549.

Bushnell C, Chireau M. Preeclampsia and stroke: risks during and after pregnancy. Stroke Res Treat. 2011;2011():858134.

Bushnell C. Another score to predict ischemic stroke mortality? [editorial]. Circulation. 2011;123(7):712-713.

Bushnell C, Cox M, Hawes J, Zhao X, Olson DW, Peterson E, Zorowitz R. Patterns of rehabilitation service use following acute stroke and its association with rehospitalization: the AVAIL Registry [abstract]. Stroke. 2011;42(3):e337-e338.

Olson D, Bushnell C, Cox M, Zimmer LO, Pan W, Sacco R, Fonarow GC, Zorowitz R, LaBresch KA, Schwamm LH, et al. Death and rehospitalization following hospitalization for stroke/TIA: one year findings from AVAIL [abstract]. Stroke. 2011;42(3):E80.

Olson D, Bushnell C, Cox M, Peterson E. Patterns of antihypertensive medication use and persistence in stroke patients [abstract]. Stroke. 2011;42(3):e243-e244.

Tate J, Bushnell C. Pregnancy and stroke risk in women. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2011;7(3):363-374.

Turner RJ, Bushnell CD, Register TC, Sharp FR. Gender-dependent correlations of carotid intima-media thickness with gene expression in blood. Transl Stroke Res. 2011;2(2):171-178.

Bushnell CD, Olson DM, Zhao X, Pan W, Zimmer LO, Goldstein LB, Alberts MJ, Fagan SC, Fonarow GC, Johnston SC, et al. Secondary preventive medication persistence and adherence 1 year after stroke. Neurology. 2011;77(12):1182-1190.

Rodriguez D, Cox M, Zimmer LO, Olson DM, Goldstein LB, Drew L, Peterson ED, Bushnell CD. Similar secondary stroke prevention and medication persistence rates among rural and urban patients. J Rural Health. 2011;27(4):401-408.

Hackam DG, Woodward M, Newby LK, Bhatt DL, Shao M, Smith EE, Donner A, Mamdani M, Douketis JD, Bushnell CD, et al. Statins and intracerebral hemorrhage: collaborative systematic review and meta-analysis. Circulation. 2011;124(20):2233-2242.

Zhan X, Jickling GC, Tian Y, Stamova B, Xu H, Ander BP, Turner RJ, Mesias M, Verro P, Bushnell C, Johnston SC, Sharp FR. Transient ischemic attacks characterized by RNA profiles in blood. Neurology. 2011;77(19):1718-1724.

Lopes RD, Shah BR, Olson DM, Zhao X, Pan W, Bushnell CD, Peterson ED. Antithrombotic therapy use at discharge and 1 year in patients with atrial fibrillation and acute stroke: results from the AVAIL Registry. Stroke. 2011;42(12):3477-3483.

James SK, Storey RF, Bushnell C, Horrow J, Husted S, Mahaffey KW, Maya J, Becker RC. Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes and history of stroke or transient ischemic accident: results from the Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes Trial [abstract]. Circulation. 2011;124(21 Suppl):A15029.

Bushnell C, Archer D, Brosnihan B. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) levels in patients at risk for stroke: the impact of gender and risk factor load [abstract]. Stroke. 2010;41(4):E302.

Sullivan E, Bushnell C. Management of menstrual migraine: a review of current abortive and prophylactic therapies. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2010;14(5):376-384.

Stamova B, Xu H, Jickling G, Bushnell C, Tian Y, Ander BP, Zhan X, Liu D, Turner R, Adamczyk P, et al. Gene expression profiling of blood for the prediction of ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2010;41(10):2171-2177.

Contag SA, Bushnell C. Contemporary management of migrainous disorders in pregnancy. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2010;22(6):437-445.

D'Onofrio G, Jauch E, Jagoda A, Allen MH, Anglin D, Barsan WG, Berger RP, Bobrow BJ, Boudreaux ED, Bushnell C, et al. NIH Roundtable on Opportunities to Advance Research on Neurologic and Psychiatric Emergencies. Ann Emerg Med. 2010;56(5):551-564.

Bushnell CD, Zimmer CO, Pan W, Olson DM, Zhao X, Meteleva T, Schwamm L, Ovbiagele B, Williams L, LaBresh KA, et al. Persistence with stroke prevention medications 3 months after hospitalization. Arch Neurol. 2010;67(12):1456-1463.

Bushnell C, Zimmer L, Schwamm L, Goldstein LB, Channing NC, Harding T, Drew L, Zhao X, Peterson E. The Adherence eValuation After Ischemic Stroke Longitudinal (AVAIL) registry: design, rationale, and baseline patient characteristics. Am Heart J. 2009;157(3):428-435.e2.

Morgenlander J, Bushnell C. Education research: neurology continuity clinic: improving the timing of the experience. Neurology. 2009;72(9):e43.

Bushnell C, Schneck M, Zhao X, Ralph S, Ovbiagele B, Schwamm L, Peterson E. Persistent use of antiplatelet therapies after stroke: does age matter? [abstract]. Stroke. 2009;40(4):e270.

Bushnell CD, Colon-Emeric CS. Secondary stroke prevention strategies for the oldest patients: possibilities and challenges. Drugs Aging. 2009;26(3):209-230.

Rudisill M, Parks ME, Tegeler C, Bushnell C. Education for stroke survivors: extending quality improvement 'Beyond the Hospital' [abstract]. Stroke. 2009;40(4):e138.

Bushnell C. Hormone therapy and stroke: is it all about timing?. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2009;11(3):241-250.

Contag SA, Mertz HL, Bushnell CD. Migraine during pregnancy: is it more than a headache?. Nat Rev Neurol. 2009;5(8):449-456.

Bushnell C. Stroke Hormones and Outcomes in Women (SHOW) study: is the 'healthy-user effect' valid for women after stroke?. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2009;5(5):485-496.

Espeland MA, Tindle HA, Bushnell CA, Jaramillo SA, Kuller LH, Margolis KL, Mysiw WJ, Maldjian JA, Melhem ER, Resnick SM. Brain volumes, cognitive impairment, and conjugated equine estrogens. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009;64(12):1243-1250.

Bushnell C, Tindle H, Espeland M, Jamillo S, Melhem E, Resnick S. Regional brain and ischemic lesion volumes in women with cognitive impairment following exposure to conjugated equine estrogen therapies (CEE): the Women's Health Initiative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study (WHIMS-MRI) [abstract]. Neurology. 2009;72(11 Suppl 3):A171-A172.

Craig JM, Bushnell CD. Oral contraceptives and the risk of stroke: epidemiology, pathophysiologic mechanisms, and risk reduction In: Pezzini A, Padovani A, eds. Cerebral ischemia in young adults: pathogenic and clinical perspectives. New York: Nova Biomedical Books;2009: 71-114.

Bushnell CD. Stroke and the female brain. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2008;4(1):22-33.

Bushnell C, Alberts M, Frankel M, Goldstein LB, Gorelick P, Johnston SC, Kidwell C, Schwamm L, Williams L, Peterson E. Adherence eValuation After Ischemic Stroke Longitudinal (AVAIL): identifying facilitators of adherence to stroke prevention medications [abstract]. Stroke. 2008;39(2):556.

Bushnell C, Ortel T, Goldstein L. Elevated levels of thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) are associated with greater stroke severity in African American but not white women [abstract]. Stroke. 2008;39(2):561.

Menon R, Bushnell CD. Headache and pregnancy. Neurologist. 2008;14(2):108-119.

Bushnell C, Fagan S, Frankel M, Goldstein LB, Gorelick P, Johnston SC, Sacco R, Schwamm L, Williams L, Zorowitz R, et al. Gender differences in secondary prevention medication persistence following stroke [abstract]. Circulation. 2008;117(21):e418.

Bushnell CD, Lee J, Duncan PW, Newby LK, Goldstein LB. Impact of comorbidities on ischemic stroke outcomes in women. Stroke. 2008;39(7):2138-3140.

Bushnell C. Stroke prevention in women: challenges and opportunities. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2008;10(4):347-353.

Reeves MJ, Bushnell CD, Howard G, Gargano JW, Duncan PW, Lynch G, Khatiwoda A, Lisabeth L. Sex differences in stroke: epidemiology, clinical presentation, medical care, and outcomes. Lancet Neurol. 2008;7(10):915-926.

Bushnell CD. Stroke in women: risk and prevention throughout the lifespan. Neurol Clin. 2008;26(4):1161-1176.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Associate Professor, Neurology

Clinical Interests

Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke), Prevention and Treatment of Stroke and other Cerebrovascular Disease, Women's Health
Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Associate Professor, Neurology
Hypertension and Vascular Research Center
Sticht Center on Aging
Office of Women in Medicine and Science

Request An Appointment

Doctor Rating

4.7 out of 5

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.67 Ratings

Doctor Ratings

The overall Patient Rating score is the average of responses to the nine questions listed below. The questions are from the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Responses are measured on a 1 to 5 scale, where 1 represents "very poor" and 5 represents "very good."
Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey

CP concern for questions/worries
CP efforts to include in decisions
CP explanations of prob/condition
CP spoke using clear language
Friendliness/courtesy of CP
Likelihood of recommending CP
Patients' confidence in CP
Time CP spent with patient
Wait time at clinic

Patient Comments

Comments are taken from the Care Provider section of the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Comments are posted exactly as they are written. Comments are added weekly. To protect patient privacy and confidentiality, patient names are not included.


Doctor Bushnell is far superior to any Specialist I have ever dealt with.


Dr. Bushnell spoke candidly about my health issues and offered realistic reassurance. She ordered the tests needed to complete her diagnosis and indicate proper medication. As soon as the test data were available, she contacted me with the results and their impact on my treatment. She also promptly answered my questions by email. Her expertise and concern were apparent.


very nice.....made me feel at ease


She is an asset to her profession.


Dr. Bushnell is excellent in all ways.


Very informative.


Dr. Bushnell sacrificed her lunch to be sure that I had my questions answered.


Exceptional doctor. Best listener (MD) I have known. :-)


*Dr. Bushnell not only a superior doctor, she is a very "fine PERSON'.


Dr. Bushnell was very interested in my condition after reviewing results of my Doppler test. she took time to explain upcoming CT scan and made appt. she answered my concerns. I have a good relationship with her and she instills trust via her knowledge.


*Dr. Bushnell is always very informative. I get excellent care. She is wonderful.


We do recommend Dr Bushnel to everyone. She is a genius. The best thing about Dr Bushnel is her thoroughness.


*Dr. Bushnell was truly outstanding. She is very patient-focused.


I had good experience with my MD and health providers during my hosp. stay and my office visits.


Very good.

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