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Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.Wake Forest Baptist Health

Doctor Rating

4.7 out of 5

47 Ratings

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.


Office of Research

Clinical Interests

Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke), Prevention and Treatment of Stroke and other Cerebrovascular Disease, Women's Health

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New Patient Appointments: 336-716-WAKE
Returning Patient Appointments: 336-716-4101
Department: 336-716-4101

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Education & Training

  • B.A., Pacific Lutheran University, 1987
  • M.D., Medical College of Wisconsin, 1995
  • Internship, Internal Medicine, Med Coll Wisc Affil Hosps, 1996
  • Residency, Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, 1999
  • Fellowship, Cerebrovascular Disease, Duke University School of Medi, 2001

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Neurology
  • American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Vascular Neurology


  • Am Heart Association
  • Am Neurological Assn
  • Am Soc Of Neuroimaging
  • American Academy Of Neurology

NPI Number

  • 1437231685
Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Doctor Rating

4.7 out of 5

47 Ratings

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Professor, Neurology
Office of Women in Medicine and Science
Office of Research

Research Interests

Stroke; Brain Ischemia; Women's Health; Ischemic Attack, Transient; Migraine Disorders
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Contact Information

Request An Appointment

Academic: 336-716-7548 | Department: 336-716-4101

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Recent Publications

Elevated ischemic stroke risk among women living with HIV infection. Chow FC, Regan S, Zanni MV, Looby SE, Bushnell CD, Meigs JB, Grinspoon SK, Feske SK, Triant VA.. AIDS. 2018;32(1):59-67.

The Apathy in Dementia Methylphenidate Trial 2 (ADMET 2): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Scherer RW, Drye L, Mintzer J, Lanctot K, Rosenberg P, Herrmann N, Padala P, Brawman-Mintzer O, Burke W, Craft S, Lerner AJ, Levey A, Porsteinsson A, van Dyck CH, Baker LD, Williamson JD, Bell RA, Espeland M, Miller ME, Mott RT, Rapp S, Hayden K,.. Trials. 2018;19(1):46.

Hospital variation in functional recovery after stroke. Bettger JP, Thomas L, Liang L, Xian Y, Bushnell CD, Saver JL, Fonarow GC, Peterson ED.. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017;10(1):e002391.

Pregnancy, hormonal treatments for infertility, contraception, and menopause in women after ischemic stroke: a consensus document. Caso V, Falorni A, Bushnell CD, Acciarresi M, Remohi J, Sprigg N, Gerli S.. Stroke. 2017;48(2):501-506.

Depression status is associated with functional decline over 1-year following acute stroke. El Husseini N, Goldstein LB, Peterson ED, Zhao X, Olson DM, Williams JW Jr, Bushnell C, Laskowitz DT.. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2017;26(7):1393-1399.

Intracranial hemorrhage in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving anticoagulation therapy. Lopes RD, Guimaraes PO, Kolls BJ, Wojdyla DM, Bushnell CD, Hanna M, Easton JD, Thomas L, Wallentin L, Al-Khatib SM, Held C, de Barros E Silva PG, Alexander JH, Granger CB, Diener HC.. Blood. 2017;129(22):2980-2987.

CDC Grand Rounds: public health strategies to prevent and treat strokes. George MG, Fischer L, Koroshetz W, Bushnell C, Frankel M, Foltz J, Thorpe PG.. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66(18):479-481.

Factors influencing decision making for carotid endarterectomy versus stenting in the very elderly. Heo SH, Bushnell CD.. Front Neurol. 2017;8():220.

Methods guiding stakeholder engagement in planning a pragmatic study on changing stroke systems of care. Gesell SB, Klein KP, Halladay J, Bettger JP, Freburger J, Cummings DM, Lutz BJ, Coleman S, Bushnell C, Rosamond W, Duncan PW.. J Clin Transl Sci. 2017;1(2):121-128.

The Comprehensive Post-Acute Stroke Services (COMPASS) study: design and methods for a cluster-randomized pragmatic trial. Duncan PW, Bushnell CD, Rosamond WD, Jones Berkeley SB, Gesell SB, D'Agostino RB Jr, Ambrosius WT, Barton-Percival B, Bettger JP, Coleman SW, Cummings DM, Freburger JK, Halladay J, Johnson AM, Kucharska-Newton AM, Lundy-Lamm G,.. BMC Neurol. 2017;17(1):133.

A systematic review of sex differences in the use of emergency services following stroke [abstract]. Gall S, Phan H, Reeves M, Bushnell C.. Int J Stroke. 2017;12(Suppl 3):40-41.

Unexplained variation for hospitals' use of inpatient rehabilitation and skilled nursing facilities after an acute ischemic stroke. Xian Y, Thomas L, Liang L, Federspiel JJ, Webb LE, Bushnell CD, Duncan PW, Schwamm LH, Stein J, Fonarow GC, Hoenig H, Montalvo C, George MG, Lutz BJ, Peterson ED, Bettger JP.. Stroke. 2017;48(10):2836-2842.

Countries with women inequalities have higher stroke mortality. Kim YD, Jung YH, Caso V, Bushnell CD, Saposnik G.. Int J Stroke. 2017;12(8):869-874.

The incidence of pregnancy-related stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Swartz RH, Cayley ML, Foley N, Ladhani NNN, Leffert L, Bushnell C, McClure JA, Lindsay MP.. Int J Stroke. 2017;12(7):687-697.

Effects of triflusal and clopidogrel on the secondary prevention of stroke based on cytochrome P450 2C19 genotyping. Han SW, Kim YJ, Ahn SH, Seo WK, Yu S, Oh SH, Nam HS, Choi HY, Yoon SS, Kim SH, Lee JY, Lee JH, Hwang YH, Lee KO, Jung YH, Lee J, Sohn SI, Kim YN, Lee KA, Bushnell CD, Lee KY.. J Stroke. 2017;19(3):356-364.

Factors mediating outcome after stroke: gender, thrombolysis, and their interaction. Lee SJ, Heo SH, Ambrosius WT, Bushnell CD.. Transl Stroke Res. 2017;():.

Long-term outcome after carotid endarterectomy in patients with ischemic heart disease. Nam HJ, Heo SH, Kim BJ, San Lee J, Youn HC, Lee JS, Kwon SU, Bushnell CD, Chang DI.. World Neurosurg. 2017;():.

Canadian stroke best practice consensus statement: secondary stroke prevention during pregnancy. Swartz RH, Ladhani NNN, Foley N, Nerenberg K, Bal S, Barrett J, Bushnell C, Chan WS, Chari R, Dowlatshahi D, Amrani ME, Gandhi S, Gubitz G, Hill MD, James A, Jeerakathil T, Jin A, Kirton A, Lanthier S, Lausman A, Leffert LR, Mandzia J, Menon B,.. Int J Stroke. 2017;():.

Post hospital discharge care for complex chronic conditions: the unique challenges facing stroke patients in their homes. Bishop L, Bushnell C.. Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep. 2017;11(12):36.

Global cognitive function before, surrounding, and after ischemic stroke: the role of risk and protective factors varies with time among ischemic stroke survivors. Vaughan L, Bushnell C, Bell CL, Espeland MA.. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2016;23(1):117-131.

Serum uric acid is associated with cerebral white matter hyperintensities in patients with acute lacunar infarction. Han SW, Song TJ, Bushnell CD, Lee SS, Kim SH, Lee JH, Kim GS, Kim OJ, Koh IS, Lee JY, Suk SH, Lee SI, Nam HS, Lee KY, Park JH.. J Neuroimaging. 2016;26(3):351-354.

Assessment of home-time after acute ischemic stroke in Medicare beneficiaries. Fonarow GC, Liang L, Thomas L, Xian Y, Saver JL, Smith EE, Schwamm LH, Peterson ED, Hernandez AF, Duncan PW, O'Brien EC, Bushnell C, Prvu Bettger J.. Stroke. 2016;47(3):836-842.

Reducing readmissions after stroke with a structured nurse practitioner/registered nurse transitional stroke program. Condon C, Lycan S, Duncan P, Bushnell C.. Stroke. 2016;47(6):1599-1604.

Predictors of 30-day hospital readmission following ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Strowd RE, Wise SM, Umesi UN, Bishop L, Craig J, Lefkowitz D, Reynolds PS, Tegeler C, Arnan M, Duncan PW, Bushnell CD.. Am J Med Qual. 2015;30(5):441-446.

Migraine, cardiovascular disease, and stroke during pregnancy: systematic review of the literature. Wabnitz A, Bushnell C.. Cephalalgia. 2015;35(2):132-139.

Acute ischemic strokes from small vessel vasculitis due to disseminated histoplasmosis infection [letter]. Bolen RD, Bushnell CD, Reynolds PS.. J Neurol Sci. 2015;352(1-2):125-126.

Central aortic pressure and pulsatility index in acute ischemic stroke. Kim JY, Bushnell CD, Park JH, Han SM, Im JH, Han SW, Baik JS, Park JH.. J Neuroimaging. 2015;25(3):438-442.

Chronic systemic immune dysfunction in African-Americans with small vessel-type ischemic stroke. Brown CM, Bushnell CD, Samsa GP, Goldstein LB, Colton CA.. Transl Stroke Res. 2015;6(6):430-436.

Chronic stroke outcome measures for motor function intervention trials: expert panel recommendations. Bushnell C, Bettger JP, Cockroft KM, Cramer SC, Edelen MO, Hanley D, Katzan IL, Mattke S, Nilsen DM, Piquado T, Skidmore ER, Wing K, Yenokyan G.. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2015;8(6 Suppl 3):S163-S169.

Pragmatic trial of transitional care with early supported discharge: design and methodology [abstract]. Duncan PW, Bushnell C, Bettger JP.. Gerontologist. 2015;55(Suppl 2):277.

Change in brain and lesion volumes after CEE therapies: the WHIMS-MRI studies. Coker LH, Espeland MA, Hogan PE, Resnick SM, Bryan RN, Robinson JG, Goveas JS, Davatzikos C, Kuller LH, Williamson JD, Bushnell CD, Shumaker SA.. Neurology. 2014;82(5):427-434.

Sex differences in quality of life after ischemic stroke. Bushnell CD, Reeves MJ, Zhao X, Pan W, Prvu-Bettger J, Zimmer L, Olson D, Peterson E.. Neurology. 2014;82(11):922-931.

Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies 1q22 as a susceptibility locus for intracerebral hemorrhage. Woo D, Falcone GJ, Devan WJ, Brown WM, Biffi A, Howard TD, Anderson CD, Brouwers HB, Valant V, Battey TW, Radmanesh F, Raffeld MR, Baedorf-Kassis S, Deka R, Woo JG, Martin LJ, Haverbusch M, Moomaw CJ, Sun G, Broderick JP, Flaherty ML,.. Am J Hum Genet. 2014;94(4):511-521.

Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in women: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Bushnell C, McCullough LD, Awad IA, Chireau MV, Fedder WN, Furie KL, Howard VJ, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Pina IL, Reeves MJ, Rexrode KM, Saposnik G, Singh V, Towfighi A, Vaccarino V, Walters MR.. Stroke. 2014;45(5):1545-1588.

Risk adjustment of ischemic stroke outcomes for comparing hospital performance: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Katzan IL, Spertus J, Bettger JP, Bravata DM, Reeves MJ, Smith EE, Bushnell C, Higashida RT, Hinchey JA, Holloway RG, Howard G, King RB, Krumholz HM, Lutz BJ, Yeh RW.. Stroke. 2014;45(3):918-944.

Evaluation and management of cerebral venous thrombosis. Bushnell C, Saposnik G.. Continuum (Minneapolis, Minn.). 2014;20(2):335-351.

The association between socioeconomic status and disability after stroke: findings from the Adherence eValuation After Ischemic stroke Longitudinal (AVAIL) registry. Bettger JP, Zhao X, Bushnell C, Zimmer L, Pan W, Williams LS, Peterson ED.. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):281.

Stroke prevention in women: synopsis of the 2014 American Heart Association/American Stroke Association guideline. Bushnell C, McCullough L.. Ann Intern Med. 2014;160(12):853-857.

Gene expression in peripheral immune cells following cardioembolic stroke is sexually dimorphic. Stamova B, Jickling GC, Ander BP, Zhan X, Liu D, Turner R, Ho C, Khoury JC, Bushnell C, Pancioli A, Jauch EC, Broderick JP, Sharp FR.. PLoS One. 2014;9(7):e102550.

Secondary prevention of stroke in the elderly: focus on drug therapy. Arnan MK, Burke GL, Bushnell C.. Drugs Aging. 2014;31(10):721-730.

Reducing stroke in women with risk factor management: blood pressure and cholesterol. Baghshomali S, Bushnell C.. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2014;10(5):535-544.

A comparative analysis of risk factors for stroke in blacks and whites: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Huxley RR, Bell EJ, Lutsey PL, Bushnell C, Shahar E, Rosamond W, Gottesman R, Folsom A.. Ethn Health. 2014;19(6):601-616.

A new model for secondary prevention of stroke: transition coaching for stroke. Bushnell C, Arnan M, Han S.. Front Neurol. 2014;5():219.

Cilostazol decreases cerebral arterial pulsatility in patients with mild white matter hyperintensities: subgroup analysis from the Effect of Cilostazol in Acute Lacunar Infarction Based on Pulsatility Index of Transcranial Doppler (ECLIPse) study. Han SW, Song TJ, Bushnell CD, Lee SS, Kim SH, Lee JH, Kim GS, Kim OJ, Koh IS, Lee JY, Suk SH, Lee SI, Nam HS, Kim WJ, Lee KY, Park JH, Kim JY, Park JH.. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014;38(3):197-203.

Stroke and pregnancy: clinical presentation, evaluation, treatment, and epidemiology. Grear KE, Bushnell CD.. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2013;56(2):350-359.

Death and rehospitalization after transient ischemic attack or acute ischemic stroke: one-year outcomes from the adherence evaluation of acute ischemic stroke-longitudinal registry. Olson DM, Cox M, Pan W, Sacco RL, Fonarow GC, Zorowitz R, Labresh KA, Schwamm LH, Williams L, Goldstein LB, Bushnell CD, Peterson ED.. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013;22(7):e181-e188.

Stroke risk in women: the role of menopause and hormone therapy. Lisabeth L, Bushnell C.. Lancet Neurol. 2012;11(1):82-91.

The X-chromosome has a different pattern of gene expression in women compared with men with ischemic stroke. Stamova B, Tian Y, Jickling G, Bushnell C, Zhan X, Liu D, Ander BP, Verro P, Patel V, Pevec WC, Hedayati N, Dawson DL, Jauch EC, Pancioli A, Broderick JP, Sharp FR.. Stroke. 2012;43(2):326-334.

Y chromosome gene expression in the blood of male patients with ischemic stroke compared with male controls. Tian Y, Stamova B, Jickling GC, Xu H, Liu D, Ander BP, Bushnell C, Zhan X, Turner RJ, Davis RR, Verro P, Pevec WC, Hedayati N, Dawson DL, Khoury J, Jauch EC, Pancioli A, Broderick JP, Sharp FR.. Gend Med. 2012;9(2):68-75.

Effects of gender on gene expression in the blood of ischemic stroke patients. Tian Y, Stamova B, Jickling GC, Liu D, Ander BP, Bushnell C, Zhan X, Davis RR, Verro P, Pevec WC, Hedayati N, Dawson DL, Khoury J, Jauch EC, Pancioli A, Broderick JP, Sharp FR.. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2012;32(5):780-791.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Professor, Neurology

Clinical Interests

Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke), Prevention and Treatment of Stroke and other Cerebrovascular Disease, Women's Health
Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.

Professor, Neurology
Office of Women in Medicine and Science
Office of Research

Request An Appointment

Doctor Rating

4.7 out of 5

Cheryl D. Bushnell, M.D.47 Ratings


Doctor Ratings

The overall Patient Rating score is the average of responses to the nine questions listed below. The questions are from the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Responses are measured on a 1 to 5 scale, where 1 represents "very poor" and 5 represents "very good."
Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey

CP concern for questions/worries
CP efforts to include in decisions
CP explanations of prob/condition
CP spoke using clear language
Friendliness/courtesy of CP
Likelihood of recommending CP
Patients' confidence in CP
Time CP spent with patient
Wait time at clinic

Patient Comments

Comments are taken from the Care Provider section of the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Comments are posted exactly as they are written. Comments are added weekly. To protect patient privacy and confidentiality, patient names are not included.


Excellent experience - I'm a physician & I know what "excellent" means.


*Dr. Bushnell has always spent a lot of time taking care of me. She spends more time with me than my PCP does.


Dr Bushmell is absolutely the best! we love and appreciate her so much.




I'm alive today thanks to *Dr. Bushnell.


*Dr. Bushnell is just wonderful! So nice and kind and understanding.


*Dr. Bushnell has always been friendly and professional. I feel very comfortable talking to her and greatly value her medical opinions - At my last visit she encouraged me to call if I had any issues - She is knowledgeable and trustworthy.


I love *Dr. Bushnell she takes the time to listen unlike a lot of doctors out there. She's very caring and that's what makes a really good doctor!!!

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