Sonia J. Crandall, Ph.D.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Sonia J. Crandall, Ph.D.

Program Director,
Director, Medical Education

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-2252 | Department: 336-716-4356

Education & Training

  • B.S., Western Illinois University, 1974
  • M.Ed., University of Illinois-Urbana/Champaign, 1980
  • Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1989
  • M.S., Wake Forest University, 2003


  • Am Acad Comm Healthcare
  • Assoc Med Ed of Europe
  • Am Educational Research Assn
  • Am Soc Of Clinical Pathologist
Sonia J. Crandall, Ph.D.

Sonia J. Crandall, Ph.D.

Program Director, Office of Women in Medicine and Science
Director, Medical Education
Professor, Department of Physician Assistant Studies
Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity
Office of Women in Medicine and Science
Center for Integrative Medicine
Translational Science Institute

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-2252 | Department: 336-716-4356

Recent Publications

Stephens MB, Landers G, Davis SW, Durning SJ, Crandall SJ. Medical student attitudes toward the medically underserved: the USU perspective. Mil Med. 2015;180(4 Suppl):61-63.

Kirk JK, Hildebrandt C, Davis S, Crandall SJ, Siciliano AB, Marion GS. Perceptions of culturally competent diabetes management in a primary care practice. J Cult Divers. 2014;21(1):22-28.

Everard KM, Crandall S, Blue A, Rottnek F, Pole D, Mainous AG III. Exploring interprofessional education in the family medicine clerkship: a CERA study. Fam Med. 2014;46(6):419-422.

Ip EH, Marshall S, Vitolins M, Crandall SJ, Davis S, Miller D, Kronner D, Vaden K, Spangler J. Measuring medical student attitudes and beliefs regarding patients who are obese. Acad Med. 2013;88(2):282-289.

Gabard DL, Lowe DL, Deusinger SS, Stelzner DM, Crandall SJ. Analysis of empathy in doctor of physical therapy students: a multi-site study. J Allied Health. 2013;42(1):10-16.

Reich S, Hildebrandt CA, Crandall SJ. Working effectively with interpreters [abstract]. J Physician Asst Educ. 2013;24(2):65e.

Miller DP Jr, Spangler JG, Vitolins MZ, Davis SW, Ip EH, Marion GS, Crandall SJ. Are medical students aware of their anti-obesity bias?. Acad Med. 2013;88(7):978-982.

Everard KM, Crandall SJS, Blue AV, Rottnek F, Pole DC, Mainous AG III. Exploring interprofessional education in family medicine through a CERA study [abstract]. Fam Med. 2013;45(Suppl 4):.

Marion GS, Crandall SJS, Mann E, Hildebrandt CA. Education for Mindful Practice and Attitudes Toward Healing in geriatric care: caring attitudes program (EMPATH) [abstract]. Fam Med. 2013;45(Suppl 4):.

Gonsalves WC, Bushardt RL, Crandall SJS. PACT physician assistant residency: leadership and patient centered care in VHA [abstract]. Fam Med. 2013;45(Suppl 4):.

Kirk JK, Hildebrandt CA, Davis SW, Crandall SJ, Marion GS. Standardized patient instructors' and physician assistant students' evaluation of diabetes counseling skills. J Physician Asst Educ. 2013;24(4):9-14.

McCann WJ, Marion GS, Davis SW, Crandall SJ, Hildebrandt CA. Applied relaxation & applied mindfulness (ARAM): A practical and engaging approach for mind-body regulation training in medical education. Ann Behav Sci Med Educ. 2013;19(2):10-15.

Teal CR, Gill AC, Green AR, Crandall S. Helping medical learners recognise and manage unconscious bias toward certain patient groups. Med Educ. 2012;46(1):80-88.

Miller DP, Crandall S, Vitolins MZ, Davis S, Kronner D, Ip E, Vaden K, Spangler J. New lifestyle: a web-based teaching and learning program for nutrition, exercise, and weight management [abstract]. J Gen Intern Med. 2012;27(Suppl 2):S563.

Vitolins MZ, Crandall S, Miller D, Ip E, Marion G, Spangler JG. Obesity educational interventions in U.S. medical schools: a systematic review and identified gaps. Teach Learn Med. 2012;24(3):267-272.

Miller DP, Crandall SJ, Davis S, Ip E, Jamback G, Burns C, Kronner D, Marion G, Spangler JG, Vaden K, Vernon J, Vitolins MZ. NEW lifestyle: a downloadable teaching and learning program for Nutrition, Exercise, and Weight management [tutorial]. MedEdPORTAL. 2012;():ID9256.

Thompson BM, Haidet P, Casanova R, Vivo RP, Gomez AG, Brown AF, Richter RA, Crandall SJ. Medical students' perceptions of their teachers' and their own cultural competency: implications for education. J Gen Intern Med. 2010;25(Suppl 2):S91-S94.

Miller D, Spangler J, Davis S, Ip E, Marion G, Vitolins M, Crandall S. Medical students are unaware of personal bias toward obese patients [abstract]. J Gen Intern Med. 2010;25(Suppl 3):331.

Crandall SJ, Davis SW, Broeseker AE, Hildebrandt C. A longitudinal comparison of pharmacy and medical students' attitudes toward the medically underserved. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;72(6):art. 148.

Spangler J, Foley KL, Crandall S, Lane C, Walker K, MacRae M, Vaden K, Marion G. Implementing smokeless tobacco instruction into medical student education: addressing the gap. Teach Learn Med. 2009;21(1):33-37.

Lee-Rey E, Crandall S, Arcury TA. Bobby Napier: a 68-year-old Caucasian Appalachian man with type 2 diabetes In: Hark L, DeLisser H, Morrison G, eds. Achieving cultural competency: a case-based approach to training health professionals. Hoboken (NJ): Wiley-Blackwell;2009: 207-215.

Blue AV, Crandall S, Nowacek G, Luecht R, Chauvin S, Swick H. Assessment of matriculating medical students' knowledge and attitudes towards professionalism. Med Teach. 2009;31(10):928-932.

Mouradian W, Bertolami CN, Tedesco L, Aschenbrener C, Crandall SJ, Epstein RM, da Fonseca M, Haden NK, Ruffin A, Sciubba JJ, et al. Curriculum and clinical training in oral health for physicians and dentists--report of panel 2 of the Macy study. J Dent Educ. 2008;72(2 Suppl):73-85.

Lie DA, Boker J, Crandall S, DeGannes CN, Elliott D, Henderson P, Kodjo C, Seng L. Revising the tool for assessing cultural competence training (TACCT) for curriculum evaluation: findings derived from seven US schools and expert consensus. Med Educ Online. 2008;13():article 11.

Marion GS, Hildebrandt CA, Davis SW, Marin AJ, Crandall SJ. Working effectively with interpreters: a model curriculum for physician assistant students. Med Teach. 2008;30(6):612-617.

Christiaanse ME, Russell EL, Crandall SJ, Lambros A, Manuel JC, Kirk JK. Development of an asset map of medical education research activity. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2008;28(3):186-193.

Archambault ME, Van Rhee JA, Marion GS, Crandall SJ. Utilizing implicit association testing to promote awareness of biases regarding age and disability. J Physician Asst Educ. 2008;19(4):20-26.

Crandall SJ. The compelling need for cross-cultural medical education [commentary]. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2008;109(5):241.

Crandall SJS, Reboussin BA, Michielutte R, Anthony JE, Naughton MJ. Medical students' attitudes toward underserved patients: a longitudinal comparison of problem-based and traditional medical curricula. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2007;12(1):71-86.

Marion GS, Crandall SJ, Celestino F, McCann W, Kirk J. Cultivating patient-centered communication skills training across the medical education continuum: a model for practice [commentary]. N C Med J. 2007;68(5):356-358.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

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