Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Associate Professor,

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-3406 | Department: 336-716-2184


Education & Training

  • B.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1994
  • Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2002
Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

Research Interests

Trachoma; Medicare Part B; Cataract Extraction; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Eyelids
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Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-3406 | Department: 336-716-2184


Recent Publications

Decision conflict and regret among surrogate decision makers in the medical intensive care unit. Miller JJ, Morris P, Files DC, Gower E, Young M.. J Crit Care. 2016;32():79-84.

Corneal sensitivity and presence of pathogenic organisms among participants who have undergone trichiasis surgery differ by surgical outcome. Schein Y, Harding JC, Merbs SL, Cassard SD, Mabula K, Othman MS, West SK, Gower EW.. Cornea. 2016;35(4):513-518.

A multi-center Diabetes Eye Screening Study in community settings: study design and methodology. Murchison AP, Friedman DS, Gower EW, Haller JA, Lam BL, Lee DJ, McGwin G Jr, Owsley C, Saaddine J.. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2016;23(2):109-115.

Diabetes eye screening in urban settings serving minority populations: detection of diabetic retinopathy and other ocular findings using telemedicine. Owsley C, McGwin G Jr, Lee DJ, Lam BL, Friedman DS, Gower EW, Haller JA, Hark LA, Saaddine J.. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015;133(2):174-181.

Patients' perceptions of trichiasis surgery: results from the partnership for rapid elimination of trachoma (PRET) surgery clinical trial. Oktavec KC, Cassard SD, Harding JC, Othman MS, Merbs SL, West SK, Gower EW.. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2015;22(3):153-161.

Characteristics of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery in the United States Medicare population. Gower EW, Keay LJ, Stare DE, Arora P, Cassard SD, Behrens A, Tielsch JM, Schein OD.. Ophthalmology. 2015;122(8):1625-1632.

Lower postoperative scar height is associated with increased postoperative trichiasis 1 year after bilamellar tarsal rotation surgery. Merbs SL, Oktavec KC, Munoz BE, Perlini EF, West SK, Othman MS, Gower EW.. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2015;22(3):200-207.

Pediatric asthma deaths in North Carolina, 1999-2012 [abstract]. Gilbert KC, Mirabelli MC, Ragan K, Gower EW, Ashburn NP, Gower WA.. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015;135(2 Suppl):AB86.

Training eye-care providers to deliver smoking cessation counseling to their patients [abstract]. Asfar T, Lee, DJ, Owsley C, McGwin G, Gower EW, Friedman DS, Murchison AP, Mayro EL, Saaddine J.. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015;56(7):125.

Evaluating the utility of postoperative photos as educational tools in trichiasis surgery training [abstract]. Dykstra RS, Merbs SL, Munoz BE, Gower EW.. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015;56(7):137.

Pre-operative eyelash location predicts long-term trichiasis surgery success [abstract]. Gower EW, Munoz BE, Rajak S, Merbs LS, Ali E, Burton MJ.. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015;56(7):6203.

Association of sleep and sexual function in postmenopausal women [abstract]. Kling JM, Manson JE, Naughton MJ, Temkit M, Sullivan SD, Gower EW, Hale L, Weitlauf JC, Nowakowski S, Crandall CJ.. Menopause. 2015;22(12):1368.

Experience of decision conflict and regret among surrogate decision makers [abstract]. Miller J, Morris PE, Gower E, Young M.. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2015;191():A3766.

Trends over time and regional variations in the rate of laser trabeculoplasty in the medicare population. Jampel HD, Cassard SD, Friedman DS, Shekhawat NS, Whiteside-de Vos J, Quigley HA, Gower EW.. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132(6):685-690.

Ranibizumab for macular telangiectasia type 2 in the absence of subretinal neovascularization. Do DV, Bressler SB, Cassard SD, Gower EW, Tabandeh H, Jefferys JL, Bressler NM.. Retina. 2014;34(10):2063-2071.

Feasibility of diabetic retinopathy screening using a non mydriatic camera in a community health clinic [abstract]. Campos CL, Pedley CF, Friedman D, Gower EW, Nelson D, Wofford JL, Velez R.. J Gen Intern Med. 2014;29(Suppl 1):S484.

Off-hours admission to pediatric intensive care and mortality. McCrory MC, Gower EW, Simpson SL, Nakagawa TA, Mou SS, Morris PE.. Pediatrics. 2014;134(5):e1345-1353.

Diabetic retinopathy is common among patients seeking care for diabetes in a community health clinic [abstract]. Pedley CF, Campos CL, Gower EW, Nelson D, Friedman D, Velez R.. J Gen Intern Med. 2014;29(Suppl 1):S482.

Training trichiasis surgeons: ensuring quality. Gower EW, Kello AB, Kollmann KhM.. Community Eye Health. 2014;27(87):58.

Trachomatous trichiasis clamp vs standard bilamellar tarsal rotation instrumentation for trichiasis surgery: results of a randomized clinical trial. Gower EW, West SK, Harding JC, Cassard SD, Munoz BE, Othman MS, Kello AB, Merbs SL.. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131(3):294-301.

Perioperative antibiotics for prevention of acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. Gower EW, Lindsley K, Nanji AA, Leyngold I, McDonnell PJ.. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;7():CD006364.

The Medicare glaucoma screening benefit: a critical program that misses its target [editorial]. Gower EW, Whiteside-de Vos J, Cassard SD, Shekhawat NS, Friedman DS.. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013;156(2):211-212.

Outcomes of a vision screening program for underserved populations in the United States. Friedman DS, Cassard SD, Williams SK, Baldonado K, O'Brien RW, Gower EW.. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2013;20(4):201-211.

Barriers to attending an eye examination after vision screening referral within a vulnerable population. Gower EW, Silverman E, Cassard SD, Williams SK, Baldonado K, Friedman DS.. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2013;24(3):1042-1052.

The cost of glaucoma care provided to Medicare beneficiaries from 2002 to 2009. Quigley HA, Cassard SD, Gower EW, Ramulu PY, Jampel HD, Friedman DS.. Ophthalmology. 2013;120(11):2249-2257.

Functional improvement after one- and two-eye cataract surgery in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation. Lee BS, Munoz BE, West SK, Gower EW.. Ophthalmology. 2013;120(5):949-955.

Off-hours admission and mortality in pediatric intensive care [abstract]. McCrory M, Gower E, Morris P, Simpson S.. Crit Care Med. 2013;41(12 Suppl 1):A135.

Solving the trachoma elimination puzzle, one piece at a time [comment]. Gower EW.. Lancet. 2012;379(9811):102-103.

The trachomatous trichiasis clamp: a surgical instrument designed to improve bilamellar tarsal rotation procedure outcomes. Merbs SL, Kello AB, Gelema H, West SK, Gower EW.. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012;130(2):220-223.

Detection of new-onset choroidal neovascularization using optical coherence tomography: the AMD DOC Study. Do DV, Gower EW, Cassard SD, Boyer D, Bressler NM, Bressler SB, Heier JS, Jefferys JL, Singerman LJ, Solomon SD.. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(4):771-778.

Postcataract surgery endophthalmitis in the United States: analysis of the complete 2003 to 2004 Medicare database of cataract surgeries. Keay L, Gower EW, Cassard SD, Tielsch JM, Schein OD.. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(5):914-922.

Definitions and standardization of a new grading scheme for eyelid contour abnormalities after trichiasis surgery. Gower EW, West SK, Cassard SD, Munoz BE, Harding JC, Merbs SL.. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(6):e1713.

Regional variations and trends in the prevalence of diagnosed glaucoma in the Medicare population. Cassard SD, Quigley HA, Gower EW, Friedman DS, Ramulu PY, Jampel HD.. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(7):1342-1351.

Relationship between immediate post-operative appearance and 6-week operative outcome in trichiasis surgery. Merbs SL, Harding JC, Cassard SD, Munoz BE, West SK, Gower EW.. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(7):e1718.

Visual characteristics of elderly night drivers in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Driving Study. Kaleem MA, Munoz BE, Munro CA, Gower EW, West SK.. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53(9):5161-5167.

Geographic location and endophthalmitis [reply to letter]. Gower EW, Keay L, Cassard SD, Tielsch JM, Schein OD.. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(12):2656-2657.

Rates of systemic adverse events following intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF medications for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) [abstract]. Werther W, Gower E, Cassard S, Chu L, Varma R, Klein R.. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012;21(Suppl 3):46-47.

Cataract surgery among Medicare beneficiaries. Schein OD, Cassard SD, Tielsch JM, Gower EW.. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2012;19(5):257-264.

Sex differences in cognition in healthy elderly individuals. Munro CA, Winicki JM, Schretlen DJ, Gower EW, Turano KA, Munoz B, Keay L, Bandeen-Roche K, West SK.. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2012;19(6):759-768.

Anti-VEGF therapies for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. Gower EW.. J Comp Eff Res. 2012;1(6):485-488.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Associate Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

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