Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Associate Professor,

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-3406 | Department: 336-716-2184


Education & Training

  • B.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1994
  • Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2002
Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

Research Interests

cardiac function, congenital defects, degenerative disorders, education/training (all f, t,, epidemiology, health services, research/outc, prevention, surgery/trauma/burns/trauma

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-3406 | Department: 336-716-2184


Recent Publications

Miller JJ, Morris P, Files DC, Gower E, Young M. Decision conflict and regret among surrogate decision makers in the medical intensive care unit. J Crit Care. 2016;32():79-84.

Schein Y, Harding JC, Merbs SL, Cassard SD, Mabula K, Othman MS, West SK, Gower EW. Corneal sensitivity and presence of pathogenic organisms among participants who have undergone trichiasis surgery differ by surgical outcome. Cornea. 2016;35(4):513-518.

Murchison AP, Friedman DS, Gower EW, Haller JA, Lam BL, Lee DJ, McGwin G Jr, Owsley C, Saaddine J. A multi-center Diabetes Eye Screening Study in community settings: study design and methodology. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2016;23(2):109-115.

Owsley C, McGwin G Jr, Lee DJ, Lam BL, Friedman DS, Gower EW, Haller JA, Hark LA, Saaddine J. Diabetes eye screening in urban settings serving minority populations: detection of diabetic retinopathy and other ocular findings using telemedicine. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015;133(2):174-181.

Oktavec KC, Cassard SD, Harding JC, Othman MS, Merbs SL, West SK, Gower EW. Patients' perceptions of trichiasis surgery: results from the partnership for rapid elimination of trachoma (PRET) surgery clinical trial. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2015;22(3):153-161.

Gower EW, Keay LJ, Stare DE, Arora P, Cassard SD, Behrens A, Tielsch JM, Schein OD. Characteristics of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery in the United States Medicare population. Ophthalmology. 2015;122(8):1625-1632.

Merbs SL, Oktavec KC, Munoz BE, Perlini EF, West SK, Othman MS, Gower EW. Lower postoperative scar height is associated with increased postoperative trichiasis 1 year after bilamellar tarsal rotation surgery. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2015;22(3):200-207.

Gilbert KC, Mirabelli MC, Ragan K, Gower EW, Ashburn NP, Gower WA. Pediatric asthma deaths in North Carolina, 1999-2012 [abstract]. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015;135(2 Suppl):AB86.

Asfar T, Lee, DJ, Owsley C, McGwin G, Gower EW, Friedman DS, Murchison AP, Mayro EL, Saaddine J. Training eye-care providers to deliver smoking cessation counseling to their patients [abstract]. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015;56(7):125.

Dykstra RS, Merbs SL, Munoz BE, Gower EW. Evaluating the utility of postoperative photos as educational tools in trichiasis surgery training [abstract]. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015;56(7):137.

Gower EW, Munoz BE, Rajak S, Merbs LS, Ali E, Burton MJ. Pre-operative eyelash location predicts long-term trichiasis surgery success [abstract]. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015;56(7):6203.

Kling JM, Manson JE, Naughton MJ, Temkit M, Sullivan SD, Gower EW, Hale L, Weitlauf JC, Nowakowski S, Crandall CJ. Association of sleep and sexual function in postmenopausal women [abstract]. Menopause. 2015;22(12):1368.

Jampel HD, Cassard SD, Friedman DS, Shekhawat NS, Whiteside-de Vos J, Quigley HA, Gower EW. Trends over time and regional variations in the rate of laser trabeculoplasty in the medicare population. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132(6):685-690.

Do DV, Bressler SB, Cassard SD, Gower EW, Tabandeh H, Jefferys JL, Bressler NM. Ranibizumab for macular telangiectasia type 2 in the absence of subretinal neovascularization. Retina. 2014;34(10):2063-2071.

Campos CL, Pedley CF, Friedman D, Gower EW, Nelson D, Wofford JL, Velez R. Feasibility of diabetic retinopathy screening using a non mydriatic camera in a community health clinic [abstract]. J Gen Intern Med. 2014;29(Suppl 1):S484.

McCrory MC, Gower EW, Simpson SL, Nakagawa TA, Mou SS, Morris PE. Off-hours admission to pediatric intensive care and mortality. Pediatrics. 2014;134(5):e1345-1353.

Pedley CF, Campos CL, Gower EW, Nelson D, Friedman D, Velez R. Diabetic retinopathy is common among patients seeking care for diabetes in a community health clinic [abstract]. J Gen Intern Med. 2014;29(Suppl 1):S482.

Gower EW, Kello AB, Kollmann KhM. Training trichiasis surgeons: ensuring quality. Community Eye Health. 2014;27(87):58.

Gower EW, West SK, Harding JC, Cassard SD, Munoz BE, Othman MS, Kello AB, Merbs SL. Trachomatous trichiasis clamp vs standard bilamellar tarsal rotation instrumentation for trichiasis surgery: results of a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131(3):294-301.

Gower EW, Lindsley K, Nanji AA, Leyngold I, McDonnell PJ. Perioperative antibiotics for prevention of acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;7():CD006364.

Gower EW, Whiteside-de Vos J, Cassard SD, Shekhawat NS, Friedman DS. The Medicare glaucoma screening benefit: a critical program that misses its target [editorial]. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013;156(2):211-212.

Friedman DS, Cassard SD, Williams SK, Baldonado K, O'Brien RW, Gower EW. Outcomes of a vision screening program for underserved populations in the United States. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2013;20(4):201-211.

Gower EW, Silverman E, Cassard SD, Williams SK, Baldonado K, Friedman DS. Barriers to attending an eye examination after vision screening referral within a vulnerable population. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2013;24(3):1042-1052.

Quigley HA, Cassard SD, Gower EW, Ramulu PY, Jampel HD, Friedman DS. The cost of glaucoma care provided to Medicare beneficiaries from 2002 to 2009. Ophthalmology. 2013;120(11):2249-2257.

Lee BS, Munoz BE, West SK, Gower EW. Functional improvement after one- and two-eye cataract surgery in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation. Ophthalmology. 2013;120(5):949-955.

McCrory M, Gower E, Morris P, Simpson S. Off-hours admission and mortality in pediatric intensive care [abstract]. Crit Care Med. 2013;41(12 Suppl 1):A135.

Gower EW. Solving the trachoma elimination puzzle, one piece at a time [comment]. Lancet. 2012;379(9811):102-103.

Merbs SL, Kello AB, Gelema H, West SK, Gower EW. The trachomatous trichiasis clamp: a surgical instrument designed to improve bilamellar tarsal rotation procedure outcomes. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012;130(2):220-223.

Do DV, Gower EW, Cassard SD, Boyer D, Bressler NM, Bressler SB, Heier JS, Jefferys JL, Singerman LJ, Solomon SD. Detection of new-onset choroidal neovascularization using optical coherence tomography: the AMD DOC Study. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(4):771-778.

Keay L, Gower EW, Cassard SD, Tielsch JM, Schein OD. Postcataract surgery endophthalmitis in the United States: analysis of the complete 2003 to 2004 Medicare database of cataract surgeries. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(5):914-922.

Gower EW, West SK, Cassard SD, Munoz BE, Harding JC, Merbs SL. Definitions and standardization of a new grading scheme for eyelid contour abnormalities after trichiasis surgery. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(6):e1713.

Cassard SD, Quigley HA, Gower EW, Friedman DS, Ramulu PY, Jampel HD. Regional variations and trends in the prevalence of diagnosed glaucoma in the Medicare population. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(7):1342-1351.

Merbs SL, Harding JC, Cassard SD, Munoz BE, West SK, Gower EW. Relationship between immediate post-operative appearance and 6-week operative outcome in trichiasis surgery. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(7):e1718.

Kaleem MA, Munoz BE, Munro CA, Gower EW, West SK. Visual characteristics of elderly night drivers in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Driving Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53(9):5161-5167.

Gower EW, Keay L, Cassard SD, Tielsch JM, Schein OD. Geographic location and endophthalmitis [reply to letter]. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(12):2656-2657.

Werther W, Gower E, Cassard S, Chu L, Varma R, Klein R. Rates of systemic adverse events following intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF medications for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) [abstract]. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012;21(Suppl 3):46-47.

Schein OD, Cassard SD, Tielsch JM, Gower EW. Cataract surgery among Medicare beneficiaries. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2012;19(5):257-264.

Munro CA, Winicki JM, Schretlen DJ, Gower EW, Turano KA, Munoz B, Keay L, Bandeen-Roche K, West SK. Sex differences in cognition in healthy elderly individuals. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2012;19(6):759-768.

Gower EW. Anti-VEGF therapies for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. J Comp Eff Res. 2012;1(6):485-488.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Associate Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Emily W. Gower, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

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