Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.Wake Forest Baptist Health

Doctor Rating

4.6 out of 5

305 Ratings

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.


Clinical Interests

Urologic Oncology, Minimally Invasive Surgery for benign disease of Kidney & Ureteral obstruction, Robotic Surgery for Cancer of Prostate, Kidney & Bladder

Contact Information

Returning Patient Appointments: 336-716-4131
Department: 336-716-4131

Insurance Accepted »

Additional Languages

Indian (Hindi)

Education & Training

  • B.A., G R Medical College, 1982
  • M.D., G R Medical College, 1983
  • Internship, Surgery, G R Medical College, 1982
  • Residency, Surgery, All India Inst. of Med. Sci., 1985
  • Residency, Urology, All India Inst. of Med. Sci., 1988


  • Nat'L Academy Of Sciences
  • Am Coll Of Surgeons
  • Int'L College Of Surgeons

NPI Number

  • 1295928539
Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Doctor Rating

4.6 out of 5

305 Ratings

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Professor, Urology
Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Research Interests

Robotics; Laparoscopy; Cystectomy; Nephrectomy; Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
More »

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-5694 | Department: 336-716-4131

Recent Publications

Does sarcopenia impact complications and overall survival in patients undergoing radical nephrectomy for stage III and IV kidney cancer?. Peyton CC, Heavner MG, Rague JT, Krane LS, Hemal AK.. J Endourol. 2016;30(2):229-236.

Association of urine dipstick proteinuria and post operative renal function following robotic partial nephrectomy. Krane LS, Heavner MG, Peyton CC, Rague JT, Hemal A.. J Endourol. 2016;30(5):532-536.

Robotic anatrophic nephrolithotomy utilizing near-infrared fluorescence image-guidance: idea, development, exploration, assessment, and long-term monitoring (IDEAL) stage 0 animal model study. Sood A, Hemal AK, Assimos DG, Peabody JO, Menon M, Ghani KR.. Urology. 2016;94():117-122.

International Consultation on Urological Diseases and European Association of Urology International Consultation on Minimally Invasive Surgery in Urology: laparoscopic and robotic adrenalectomy. Ball MW, Hemal AK, Allaf ME.. BJU Int. 2016;():.

Selective arterial clamping does not improve outcomes in robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: a propensity-score analysis of patients without impaired renal function. Paulucci DJ, Rosen DC, Sfakianos JP, Whalen MJ, Abaza R, Eun DD, Krane LS, Hemal AK, Badani KK.. BJU Int. 2016;():.

Main renal artery clamping with or without renal vein clamping during robotic partial nephrectomy for clinical T1 renal masses: peri-operative and long term functional outcomes. Blum KA, Paulucci DJ, Abaza R, Eun DD, Bhandari A, Krane LS, Hemal AK, Badani KK.. Urology. 2016;():.

A randomized double blinded placebo controlled trial of sildenafil for renoprotection prior to hilar clamping in patients undergoing robotic assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Krane LS, Peyton CC, Olympio MA, Hemal AK.. J Surg Oncol. 2016;114(7):785-788.

Molecular targeted fluorescence-guided intraoperative imaging of bladder cancer nodal drainage using indocyanine green during radical and partial cystectomy. Patel MN, Hemal AK.. Curr Urol Rep. 2016;17(10):74.

Predictors of medical and surgical complications after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: an analysis of 1,139 patients in a multi-institutional kidney cancer database. Moskowitz EJ, Paulucci DJ, Reddy BN, Blum K, Rosen DC, Abaza R, Eun D, Hemal A, Krane LS, Badani KK.. J Endourol. 2016;():.

Localization of APOL1 protein and mRNA in the human kidney: nondiseased tissue, primary cells, and immortalized cell lines. Ma L, Shelness GS, Snipes JA, Murea M, Antinozzi PA, Cheng D, Saleem MA, Satchell SC, Banas B, Mathieson PW, Kretzler M, Hemal AK, Rudel LL, Petrovic S, Weckerle A, Pollak MR, Ross MD, Parks JS, Freedman BI.. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015;26(2):339-348.

Should post-kidney transplant patients with localized prostate cancer be undergoing robotic radical prostatectomy? [letter]. Aboumohamed AA, Hemal AK.. Int Urol Nephrol. 2015;47(4):643-644.

Does transition from the da Vinci Si to Xi robotic platform impact single-docking technique for robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy?. Patel MN, Aboumohamed A, Hemal A.. BJU Int. 2015;116(6):990-994.

Oncologic outcomes following robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision for upper tract urothelial carcinoma. Aboumohamed AA, Krane LS, Hemal AK.. J Urol. 2015;194(6):1561-1566.

Modification of technique for suprapublic catheter placement after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy reduces catheter-associated complications [editorial comment]. Krane LS, Hemal AK.. Urology. 2015;86(2):406.

Surgery: Is indocyanine green dye useful in robotic surgery? [commentary]. Krane LS, Hemal AK.. Nat Rev Urol. 2014;11(1):12-14.

Analysis of intracorporeal compared with extracorporeal urinary diversion after robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. Ahmed K, Khan SA, Hayn MH, Agarwal PK, Badani KK, Balbay MD, Castle EP, Dasgupta P, Ghavamian R, Guru KA, Hemal AK, Hollenbeck BK, Kibel AS, Menon M, Mottrie A, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Poulakis V, Pruthi RS.. Eur Urol. 2014;65(2):340-347.

A pilot study of blood epinephrine levels and CREB phosphorylation in men undergoing prostate biopsies. Hassan S, Karpova Y, Flores A, D'Agostino R Jr, Danhauer SC, Hemal A, Kulik G.. Int Urol Nephrol. 2014;46(3):505-510.

Fluorescence-enhanced robotic radical prostatectomy using real-time lymphangiography and tissue marking with percutaneous injection of unconjugated indocyanine green: the initial clinical experience in 50 patients. Manny TB, Patel M, Hemal AK.. Eur Urol. 2014;65(6):1162-1168.

Fluorescence-enhanced robotic radical cystectomy using unconjugated indocyanine green for pelvic lymphangiography, tumor marking, and mesenteric angiography: the initial clinical experience. Manny TB, Hemal AK.. Urology. 2014;83(4):824-829.

Reply [to editorial comment on 'Fluorescence-enhanced robotic radical cystectomy using unconjugated indocyanine green for pelvic lymphangiography, tumor marking, and mesenteric angiography: the initial clinical experience'] [letter]. Manny TB, Hemal AK.. Urology. 2014;83(4):829-830.

Do statin medications impact renal functional or oncologic outcomes for robotic partial nephrectomy?. Krane LS, Sandberg JM, Rague JT, Hemal A.. J Endourol. 2014;28(11):1308-1312.

Efficacy of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) in advanced bladder cancer: results from the International Radical Cystectomy Consortium (IRCC). Al-Daghmin A, Kauffman EC, Shi Y, Badani K, Balbay MD, Canda E, Dasgupta P, Ghavamian R, Grubb R III, Hemal A, Kaouk J, Kibel AS, Maatman T, Menon M, Mottrie A, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Poulakis V, Pruthi R, Palou Redorta J,.. BJU Int. 2014;114(1):98-103.

International Robotic Radical Cystectomy Consortium: a way forward. Raza SJ, Field E, Kibel AS, Mottrie A, Weizer AZ, Wagner A, Hemal AK, Scherr DS, Schanne F, Gaboardi F, Wu G, Peabody JO, Koauk J, Redorta JP, Pattaras JG, Rha KH, Richstone L, Balbay MD, Menon M, Hayn M, Stoeckle M, Wiklund P, Dasgupta P, Pruthi R,.. Indian J Urol. 2014;30(3):314-317.

Pathology of bladder cancer among diabetic patients undergoing radical cystectomy with a history of pioglitazone (Actos) use. Romero V, Peyton C, Gray I, Hemal A, Terlecki R.. BMC Urol. 2014;14(10):.

A nonrandomized prospective comparison of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy in the elderly to a younger cohort: an analysis of 339 patients with intermediate-term follow-up. Sandberg JM, Krane LS, Hemal AK.. Urology. 2014;84(4):838-843.

Urology robotic surgery: 15-year path [editorial]. Hemal AK.. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):17.

Predictors of locoregional and intravesical recurrence among patients treated with nephroureterectomy for urothelial tract carcinoma [abstract]. Hughes RT, Lucas JT, Divers J, Holmes J, Krane S, Hemal AK, Frizzell BA.. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014;90(Suppl 1):S466.

Emerging technologies to improve techniques and outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy: striving toward the pentafecta. Krane LS, Hemal AK.. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):511-519.

Robot-assisted laparoscopic simple anatomic prostatectomy. Patel MN, Hemal AK.. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):485-492.

Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: inching toward gold standard. Sood A, Jeong W, Peabody JO, Hemal AK, Menon M.. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):473-484.

Robotic assisted ureteral reimplantation: current status. Stanasel I, Atala A, Hemal A.. Curr Urol Rep. 2013;14(1):32-36.

Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy after heart transplantation. Singh I, Patel BN, Thohan V, Hemal AK.. Urol Ann. 2013;5(1):56-58.

Near-infrared fluorescence imaging to facilitate super-selective arterial clamping during zero-ischaemia robotic partial nephrectomy. Borofsky MS, Gill IS, Hemal AK, Marien TP, Jayaratna I, Krane LS, Stifelman MD.. BJU Int. 2013;111(4):604-610.

Comparison of clamping technique in robotic partial nephrectomy: does unclamped partial nephrectomy improve perioperative outcomes and renal function?. Krane LS, Mufarrij PW, Manny TB, Hemal AK.. Can J Urol. 2013;20(1):6662-6667.

Impact of surgeon and volume on extended lymphadenectomy at the time of robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium (IRCC). Marshall SJ, Hayn MH, Stegemann AP, Agarwal PK, Badani KK, Balbay MD, Dasgupta P, Hemal AK, Hollenbeck BK, Kibel AS, Menon M, Mottrie A, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Poulakis V, Pruthi RS, Palou Redorta J, Rha KH,.. BJU Int. 2013;111(7):1075-1080.

Preoperative neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio predicts overall survival and extravesical disease in patients undergoing radical cystectomy. Krane LS, Richards KA, Kader AK, Davis R, Balaji KC, Hemal AK.. J Endourol. 2013;27(8):1046-1050.

Does experience in creating a robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) programme in an academic centre impact outcomes or complication rate?. Krane LS, Manny TB, Mufarrij PW, Hemal AK.. BJU Int. 2013;112(2):207-215.

Transmesocolic robotic extended pyelolithotomy of a large gas-containing renal stone: case report and review of the literature. Manny TB, Manny JS, Hemal AK.. Urol Ann. 2013;5(2):126-128.

Reply from authors re: Manfred P. Wirth, Johannes Huber. What really matters is rarely measured: outcome of routine care and patient-reported outcomes. Eur Urol 2013;64:58-9 Robot-assisted versus open radical cystectomy: beating a dead horse [editorial]. Guru KA, Peabody JO, Ahmed K, Kibel A, Weizer A, Hayn M, Johar R, Agarwal P, Balbay M, Hemal A, Muhletaler F, Nepple K, Pattaras J, Redorta J, Rha KH, Richstone L, Saar M, Schanne F, Scherr D, Siemer S, Stoekle M, Wilson T, Woods M, Yuh B, Wiklund P.. Eur Urol. 2013;64(1):60-61.

Complications after robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. Johar RS, Hayn MH, Stegemann AP, Ahmed K, Agarwal P, Balbay MD, Hemal A, Kibel AS, Muhletaler F, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Palou Redorta J, Rha KH, Richstone L, Saar M, Schanne F, Scherr DS, Siemer S,.. Eur Urol. 2013;64(1):52-57.

Robotic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for T1b tumors. Krane LS, Hemal AK.. Curr Opin Urol. 2013;23(5):418-422.

Robotic partial adrenalectomy using indocyanine green dye with near-infrared imaging: the initial clinical experience. Manny TB, Pompeo AS, Hemal AK.. Urology. 2013;82(3):738-742.

Indocyanine green cannot predict malignancy in partial nephrectomy: histopathologic correlation with fluorescence pattern in 100 patients. Manny TB, Krane LS, Hemal AK.. J Endourol. 2013;27(7):918-921.

Robotic repair of a rare case of symptomatic 'ureterosciatic hernia'. Singh I, Patel B, Hemal AK.. Indian J Urol. 2013;29(2):136-138.

Robot-assisted laparoscopic vs open radical cystectomy: comparison of complications and perioperative oncological outcomes in 200 patients. Kader AK, Richards KA, Krane LS, Pettus JA, Smith JJ, Hemal AK.. BJU Int. 2013;112(4):E290-E294.

Perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma: a multi-institutional series. Pugh J, Parekattil S, Willis D, Stifelman M, Hemal A, Su LM.. BJU Int. 2013;112(4):E295-E300.

Impact of renal function on eligibility for chemotherapy and survival in patients who have undergone radical nephro-ureterectomy. Thomas CY, Hemal AK.. BJU Int. 2013;112(4):425-426.

Surgeon-controlled robotic ureteral surgery. Krane LS, Hemal AK.. Curr Opin Urol. 2012;22(1):70-77.

Impact of newer unidirectional and bidirectional barbed suture on vesicourethral anastomosis during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and its comparison with polyglecaprone-25 suture: an initial experience. Hemal AK, Agarwal MM, Babbar P.. Int Urol Nephrol. 2012;44(1):125-132.

Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: current status, techniques, and future directions. Babbar P, Hemal AK.. Int Urol Nephrol. 2012;44(1):99-109.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Professor, Urology

Clinical Interests

Urologic Oncology, Minimally Invasive Surgery for benign disease of Kidney & Ureteral obstruction, Robotic Surgery for Cancer of Prostate, Kidney & Bladder
Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Professor, Urology
Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Doctor Rating

4.6 out of 5

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.305 Ratings


Doctor Ratings

The overall Patient Rating score is the average of responses to the nine questions listed below. The questions are from the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Responses are measured on a 1 to 5 scale, where 1 represents "very poor" and 5 represents "very good."
Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey

CP concern for questions/worries
CP efforts to include in decisions
CP explanations of prob/condition
CP spoke using clear language
Friendliness/courtesy of CP
Likelihood of recommending CP
Patients' confidence in CP
Time CP spent with patient
Wait time at clinic

Patient Comments

Comments are taken from the Care Provider section of the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Comments are posted exactly as they are written. Comments are added weekly. To protect patient privacy and confidentiality, patient names are not included.


I received excellent medical care from Dr. Hamal.




very thorough and care fits with the prognosis of my condition


he wa quite thorrow


Dr. Hemal and the team that cared for me during my surgery and recovery were outstanding. The post-op team that worked with me during my stay after surgery were top notch. Thank you to to all.


cannot recommencend :(


The physician definitely has "poor bedside manner" spent less than 2 minutes, appeared impatient & abrupt & I never saw him again - even before surgery. His support staff however, was excellent!


I will return. Follow-up appointment already scheduled.


Dr. Hemal is the perfect example of what every doctor should strive to be!!!! He is a role model for other doctor to follow behind.....




The best doctor i met, who explain the issue in a simple english with some time for me to ask questions.


Many thanks to Dr. Hemal. Excellent doctor.


dr Hemal was terrific I am so glad God put him I my path for treatment


I traveled 75 miles to have Dr. Hemal and his excellent team perform the surgery because they are the best.






See comments above. I have strong confidence in the provider, feel comfortable in his presence and appreciate the time he gives me and the concern and respect he demonstrated for me.


He explained everything and was very, very nice -


All went very well.


great doctor


iI would take any if my family there and recoment it to anyone who is having a problem.


Good experience with a bad disease.


Excellent experience with both Dr. Hemal and Dr. Patel.


*Dr. Hemal is an excellent physician & talented surgeon.


Dr. Hemal is a physician with the highest credentials and abilities to dx and recommend the best alternatives for my care. I sincerely appreciate his patient management style and his willingness to listen and respond to my questions and concerns.


Very through and professional and made me feel at ease -


Already recommended this care provider and office to other people


I contacted this doctor he was recommend by my doctor in Ms when I moved here


very good


Can't say enough, thought I received excellent care.


Dr Hemal is a great surgeon, he is very kind and compassionate. He has a little trouble with English and hates to give bad news


I have trust with all the providers that helped me during my checkup.


Very informed about everything answer question so one can understand.




I trust this doctor, due to his reputation, but he rarely knows my medical history with him with any accuracy, which creates distrust. He is very busy, but needs someone to appraise him of every patients pertinent history before seeing them.


I was referred to Dr. Hemal by my general practitioner. I am very pleased with both Dr.'s and appreciate that I now have baseline tests to monitor slight hematuria. I continue to be impressed with the thoroughness and care from WFU Medical personnel.


Dr.Hemal is excellent at his job.

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Ashok K. Hemal, MD, MCh, performs robot-assisted, kidney-sparing surgery on a 48-year-old man with kidney cancer.

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