Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.Wake Forest Baptist Health

Doctor Rating

4.5 out of 5

285 Ratings

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.


Clinical Interests

Laparoscopic Surgery, Reconstructive Urology, Robotic Urologic Surgery, Urologic Oncology, Urology

Contact Information

New Patient Appointments: 336-716-WAKE
Returning Patient Appointments: 336-716-4131
Department: 336-716-4131

Insurance Accepted »

Additional Languages

Indian (Hindi)

Education & Training

  • B.A., G R Medical College, 1982
  • M.D., G R Medical College, 1983
  • Internship, Surgery, G R Medical College, 1982
  • Residency, Surgery, All India Inst. of Med. Sci., 1985
  • Residency, Urology, All India Inst. of Med. Sci., 1988


  • Am Coll Of Surgeons
  • Int'L College Of Surgeons
  • Nat'L Academy Of Sciences

NPI Number

  • 1295928539
Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Doctor Rating

4.5 out of 5

285 Ratings

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Professor, Urology
Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Research Interests

cancer/oncogenesis, men?s health issues

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-5694 | Department: 336-716-4131

Recent Publications

Ma L, Shelness GS, Snipes JA, Murea M, Antinozzi PA, Cheng D, Saleem MA, Satchell SC, Banas B, Mathieson PW, Kretzler M, Hemal AK, Rudel LL, Petrovic S, Weckerle A, Pollak MR, Ross MD, Parks JS, Freedman BI. Localization of APOL1 protein and mRNA in the human kidney: nondiseased tissue, primary cells, and immortalized cell lines. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015;26(2):339-348.

Aboumohamed AA, Hemal AK. Should post-kidney transplant patients with localized prostate cancer be undergoing robotic radical prostatectomy? [letter]. Int Urol Nephrol. 2015;47(4):643-644.

Patel MN, Aboumohamed A, Hemal A. Does transition from the da Vinci Si to Xi robotic platform impact single-docking technique for robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy?. BJU Int. 2015;():.

Aboumohamed AA, Krane LS, Hemal AK. Oncologic outcomes following robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision for upper tract urothelial carcinoma. J Urol. 2015;():.

Krane LS, Hemal AK. Modification of technique for suprapublic catheter placement after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy reduces catheter-associated complications [editorial comment]. Urology. 2015;86(2):406.

Krane LS, Hemal AK. Surgery: Is indocyanine green dye useful in robotic surgery? [commentary]. Nat Rev Urol. 2014;11(1):12-14.

Ahmed K, Khan SA, Hayn MH, Agarwal PK, Badani KK, Balbay MD, Castle EP, Dasgupta P, Ghavamian R, Guru KA, Hemal AK, Hollenbeck BK, Kibel AS, Menon M, Mottrie A, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Poulakis V, Pruthi RS. Analysis of intracorporeal compared with extracorporeal urinary diversion after robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. Eur Urol. 2014;65(2):340-347.

Hassan S, Karpova Y, Flores A, D'Agostino R Jr, Danhauer SC, Hemal A, Kulik G. A pilot study of blood epinephrine levels and CREB phosphorylation in men undergoing prostate biopsies. Int Urol Nephrol. 2014;46(3):505-510.

Manny TB, Patel M, Hemal AK. Fluorescence-enhanced robotic radical prostatectomy using real-time lymphangiography and tissue marking with percutaneous injection of unconjugated indocyanine green: the initial clinical experience in 50 patients. Eur Urol. 2014;65(6):1162-1168.

Manny TB, Hemal AK. Fluorescence-enhanced robotic radical cystectomy using unconjugated indocyanine green for pelvic lymphangiography, tumor marking, and mesenteric angiography: the initial clinical experience. Urology. 2014;83(4):824-829.

Manny TB, Hemal AK. Reply [to editorial comment on 'Fluorescence-enhanced robotic radical cystectomy using unconjugated indocyanine green for pelvic lymphangiography, tumor marking, and mesenteric angiography: the initial clinical experience'] [letter]. Urology. 2014;83(4):829-830.

Krane LS, Sandberg JM, Rague JT, Hemal A. Do statin medications impact renal functional or oncologic outcomes for robotic partial nephrectomy?. J Endourol. 2014;28(11):1308-1312.

Al-Daghmin A, Kauffman EC, Shi Y, Badani K, Balbay MD, Canda E, Dasgupta P, Ghavamian R, Grubb R III, Hemal A, Kaouk J, Kibel AS, Maatman T, Menon M, Mottrie A, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Poulakis V, Pruthi R, Palou Redorta J,. Efficacy of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) in advanced bladder cancer: results from the International Radical Cystectomy Consortium (IRCC). BJU Int. 2014;114(1):98-103.

Raza SJ, Field E, Kibel AS, Mottrie A, Weizer AZ, Wagner A, Hemal AK, Scherr DS, Schanne F, Gaboardi F, Wu G, Peabody JO, Koauk J, Redorta JP, Pattaras JG, Rha KH, Richstone L, Balbay MD, Menon M, Hayn M, Stoeckle M, Wiklund P, Dasgupta P, Pruthi R,. International Robotic Radical Cystectomy Consortium: a way forward. Indian J Urol. 2014;30(3):314-317.

Romero V, Peyton C, Gray I, Hemal A, Terlecki R. Pathology of bladder cancer among diabetic patients undergoing radical cystectomy with a history of pioglitazone (Actos) use. BMC Urol. 2014;14(10):.

Sandberg JM, Krane LS, Hemal AK. A nonrandomized prospective comparison of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy in the elderly to a younger cohort: an analysis of 339 patients with intermediate-term follow-up. Urology. 2014;84(4):838-843.

Hemal AK. Urology robotic surgery: 15-year path [editorial]. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):17.

Hughes RT, Lucas JT, Divers J, Holmes J, Krane S, Hemal AK, Frizzell BA. Predictors of locoregional and intravesical recurrence among patients treated with nephroureterectomy for urothelial tract carcinoma [abstract]. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014;90(Suppl 1):S466.

Krane LS, Hemal AK. Emerging technologies to improve techniques and outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy: striving toward the pentafecta. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):511-519.

Patel MN, Hemal AK. Robot-assisted laparoscopic simple anatomic prostatectomy. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):485-492.

Sood A, Jeong W, Peabody JO, Hemal AK, Menon M. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: inching toward gold standard. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(4):473-484.

Stanasel I, Atala A, Hemal A. Robotic assisted ureteral reimplantation: current status. Curr Urol Rep. 2013;14(1):32-36.

Singh I, Patel BN, Thohan V, Hemal AK. Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy after heart transplantation. Urol Ann. 2013;5(1):56-58.

Borofsky MS, Gill IS, Hemal AK, Marien TP, Jayaratna I, Krane LS, Stifelman MD. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging to facilitate super-selective arterial clamping during zero-ischaemia robotic partial nephrectomy. BJU Int. 2013;111(4):604-610.

Krane LS, Mufarrij PW, Manny TB, Hemal AK. Comparison of clamping technique in robotic partial nephrectomy: does unclamped partial nephrectomy improve perioperative outcomes and renal function?. Can J Urol. 2013;20(1):6662-6667.

Marshall SJ, Hayn MH, Stegemann AP, Agarwal PK, Badani KK, Balbay MD, Dasgupta P, Hemal AK, Hollenbeck BK, Kibel AS, Menon M, Mottrie A, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Poulakis V, Pruthi RS, Palou Redorta J, Rha KH,. Impact of surgeon and volume on extended lymphadenectomy at the time of robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium (IRCC). BJU Int. 2013;111(7):1075-1080.

Krane LS, Richards KA, Kader AK, Davis R, Balaji KC, Hemal AK. Preoperative neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio predicts overall survival and extravesical disease in patients undergoing radical cystectomy. J Endourol. 2013;27(8):1046-1050.

Krane LS, Manny TB, Mufarrij PW, Hemal AK. Does experience in creating a robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) programme in an academic centre impact outcomes or complication rate?. BJU Int. 2013;112(2):207-215.

Manny TB, Manny JS, Hemal AK. Transmesocolic robotic extended pyelolithotomy of a large gas-containing renal stone: case report and review of the literature. Urol Ann. 2013;5(2):126-128.

Guru KA, Peabody JO, Ahmed K, Kibel A, Weizer A, Hayn M, Johar R, Agarwal P, Balbay M, Hemal A, Muhletaler F, Nepple K, Pattaras J, Redorta J, Rha KH, Richstone L, Saar M, Schanne F, Scherr D, Siemer S, Stoekle M, Wilson T, Woods M, Yuh B, Wiklund P. Reply from authors re: Manfred P. Wirth, Johannes Huber. What really matters is rarely measured: outcome of routine care and patient-reported outcomes. Eur Urol 2013;64:58-9 Robot-assisted versus open radical cystectomy: beating a dead horse [editorial]. Eur Urol. 2013;64(1):60-61.

Johar RS, Hayn MH, Stegemann AP, Ahmed K, Agarwal P, Balbay MD, Hemal A, Kibel AS, Muhletaler F, Nepple K, Pattaras JG, Peabody JO, Palou Redorta J, Rha KH, Richstone L, Saar M, Schanne F, Scherr DS, Siemer S,. Complications after robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. Eur Urol. 2013;64(1):52-57.

Krane LS, Hemal AK. Robotic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for T1b tumors. Curr Opin Urol. 2013;23(5):418-422.

Manny TB, Pompeo AS, Hemal AK. Robotic partial adrenalectomy using indocyanine green dye with near-infrared imaging: the initial clinical experience. Urology. 2013;82(3):738-742.

Manny TB, Krane LS, Hemal AK. Indocyanine green cannot predict malignancy in partial nephrectomy: histopathologic correlation with fluorescence pattern in 100 patients. J Endourol. 2013;27(7):918-921.

Singh I, Patel B, Hemal AK. Robotic repair of a rare case of symptomatic 'ureterosciatic hernia'. Indian J Urol. 2013;29(2):136-138.

Kader AK, Richards KA, Krane LS, Pettus JA, Smith JJ, Hemal AK. Robot-assisted laparoscopic vs open radical cystectomy: comparison of complications and perioperative oncological outcomes in 200 patients. BJU Int. 2013;112(4):E290-E294.

Pugh J, Parekattil S, Willis D, Stifelman M, Hemal A, Su LM. Perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma: a multi-institutional series. BJU Int. 2013;112(4):E295-E300.

Thomas CY, Hemal AK. Impact of renal function on eligibility for chemotherapy and survival in patients who have undergone radical nephro-ureterectomy. BJU Int. 2013;112(4):425-426.

Krane LS, Hemal AK. Surgeon-controlled robotic ureteral surgery. Curr Opin Urol. 2012;22(1):70-77.

Hemal AK, Agarwal MM, Babbar P. Impact of newer unidirectional and bidirectional barbed suture on vesicourethral anastomosis during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and its comparison with polyglecaprone-25 suture: an initial experience. Int Urol Nephrol. 2012;44(1):125-132.

Babbar P, Hemal AK. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: current status, techniques, and future directions. Int Urol Nephrol. 2012;44(1):99-109.

Kumar R, Hemal AK. Retroperitoneal renal laparoscopy. Int Urol Nephrol. 2012;44(1):81-89.

Patel TH, Sirintrapun SJ, Hemal AK. Surgeon-controlled robotic partial nephrectomy for a rare renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma using near-infrared fluorescence imaging using indocyanine green dye: a case report and literature review. Can Urol Assoc J. 2012;6(2):E91-E94.

McKenzie PL, Hemal AK. Surgeon controlled robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy: current review of oncologic and functional outcomes. Minerva Urol Nefrol. 2012;64(2):79-88.

Shah HN, Nayyar R, Rajamahanty S, Hemal AK. Prospective evaluation of unidirectional barbed suture for various indications in surgeon-controlled robotic reconstructive urologic surgery: Wake Forest University experience. Int Urol Nephrol. 2012;44(3):775-785.

Stanasel I, Hemal AK. Ureteral defects and ureterovaginal fistulas In: Gundeti MS, ed. Pediatric robotic and reconstructive urology: a comprehensive guide. Chichester, West Sussex (UK): Wiley-Blackwell;2012: 261-268.

Dorairajan LN, Hemal AK. Laparoscopic and robotic techniques for repair of female genitourinary fistulas In: Smith AD, Preminger G, Badlani G, Kavoussi L, eds. Smith's textbook of endourology, vol 2. 3rd ed. Chichester, West Sussex (UK): Wiley-Blackwell;2012: 1068-1078.

Hemal AK. Laparoendoscopic single-site radical cystectomy and urinary diversion: initial experience in China using a homemade single-port device [Editorial comment for Ma et al.]. J Endourol. 2012;26(4):359-360.

Krane LS, Manny TB, Hemal AK. Is near infrared fluorescence imaging using indocyanine green dye useful in robotic partial nephrectomy: a prospective comparative study of 94 patients. Urology. 2012;80(1):110-118.

Manny T, Krane LS, Hemal A. Indocyanine green in partial nephrectomy: technique in various histologic subtypes [abstract]. J Endourol. 2012;26(Suppl 1):A512.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Professor, Urology

Clinical Interests

Laparoscopic Surgery, Reconstructive Urology, Robotic Urologic Surgery, Urologic Oncology, Urology
Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.

Professor, Urology
Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Doctor Rating

4.5 out of 5

Ashok K. Hemal, M.D.285 Ratings


Doctor Ratings

The overall Patient Rating score is the average of responses to the nine questions listed below. The questions are from the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Responses are measured on a 1 to 5 scale, where 1 represents "very poor" and 5 represents "very good."
Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey

CP concern for questions/worries
CP efforts to include in decisions
CP explanations of prob/condition
CP spoke using clear language
Friendliness/courtesy of CP
Likelihood of recommending CP
Patients' confidence in CP
Time CP spent with patient
Wait time at clinic

Patient Comments

Comments are taken from the Care Provider section of the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Comments are posted exactly as they are written. Comments are added weekly. To protect patient privacy and confidentiality, patient names are not included.




*Dr. Hemal is a good doctor. I have much confidence with him.




Very polite and explained things to me.


Very good experience!


*Dr. Hemal's nurse provided the primary service and WAS EXCELLENT - *Dr. Hemal's time was minimal. 8-9. Nurse.


The care provider was excellent.


My Doctor's and their staff have been awesome. I was very scared when I found out about my problem, but after my first visit there I was relaxed from then on, becasue they made me feel so good about what I was going to have done, and I never worred again.


Good experience with the nurse, PA and doctor. Just to much time waiting between seeing each one. If I had shown up at 10:30 for my 9:15 appointment, I probably would not have been able to see the doctor.


Excellent and caring physician




I will not give any body a recommendation to use Wake Forest Urology. I am not happy as you can tell.


My questions are always answered thoroughly and I have full confidence in anyone I see.


I have a tumor in my kidney, which I only have one. Was referred to Winston from my oncology doctor. I think I will be in good hands.


I have the utmost confidence in Dr. Hemal---He is so easy to talk to and puts you completely at ease...


Waited 60 minutes for consult that took less than 5 minutes.


The doctor ordered a biopsy on me without informing me about it or how he is going to treat me based on the results or What other choices I have! I did not like that.


Excellent care giver.


Very Good!


DR. Hemal is great. When I first meet him, I was really scared about having cancer. After talking with him he made me feel so much better about what needed to be done. My surgery went great, and he took the time to come out and talk with my wife in person. Which most doctors call on a phone now. He really made you feel like he cared so much about you. I have already recommended another family member to him, and he is scheduling an appointment with DR. Hemal


Overall I was very satisfied with my visit. I'm counting the days until my next visit and moving forward with my issue.


This is the best Doctor Ive ever saw I would trust anything he said to me he talks at a level I can understand. I recommend him to everyone my wife if she needs to go back to a urologist is coming down there. Its a long drive but he is worth the drive and the whole clinic is


Dr. Hemal is an excellent physician. WFUMBC is fortunate to have him. He is a world class doctor and surgeon.


excellent experience with Dr. Hemal, the clinic, MRI Center, anesthesiologist, and the entire hospital staff during my surgery and post-operative hospitalization. Nursing, house keeping and dietary staffs were excellent. Food service great. Dr. Koman was fantastic for coordinating my care and his concern for me.


When the Dr. enters the room, there is always a sense of being rushed.




DR. Hemal and his staff are so nice and caring.


Dr. Hemal is an excellent doctor. He always answers my questions and spends time with me. I am blessed to have him as my doctor. He is the best doctor!


Doctor Hemal is the best. I feel very good about having him for a doctor during a serious situation.


Very good.


*Dr. Hemal is the most professional dr. I have ever saw.


I had this care provider 2 years ago for a similar surgery. I have confidence in this provider that all will go well this time with the surgery. I thank God for giving this care provider the talent to do this kind of surgery and save my kidney.


Doctor was running late but he spent adequate time with me.


would recommend doctor


all right


I arrived in a nervous mood and left feeling that I was in the hands of the best doctor I have ever met.


*Dr. Hemal went out of his way to phone me with the test results ASAP (after business hours). #5 & 6. Written. #9. Total.

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Newest Surgical Option for Kidney Cancer

Newest Surgical Option for Kidney Cancer

Ashok K. Hemal, MD, MCh, performs robot-assisted, kidney-sparing surgery on a 48-year-old man with kidney cancer.

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