Kylie Kavanagh, D.V.M.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Kylie Kavanagh, D.V.M.

Associate Professor,

Contact Information

Academic: 336-715-1555 | Department: 336-713-1475


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Education & Training

  • B.S., Free Standing Institute-Australia, 1993
  • D.V.M., Free Standing Institute-Australia, 1996
  • M.S., University Of Melbourne-Australia, 1999
Kylie Kavanagh, D.V.M.

Kylie Kavanagh, D.V.M.

Associate Professor, Pathology-Comparative Medicine
Center on Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism

Research Interests

aging, alternative medicine, atherosclerosis/thrombosis, cross(mult/tnslat/inter)discip, diabetes, drugs/therapeutic agents pharm, education/training (all f, t,, fitness/physical, immunology/allergy/inflammatio, metabolism, model development, nutrition, obesity, radiology imaging/nuclear medi, vascular diseases

Contact Information

Academic: 336-715-1555 | Department: 336-713-1475


Related Links

Recent Publications

Kavanagh K, Brown RN, Davis AT, Uberseder B, Floyd E, Pfisterer B, Shively CA. Microbial translocation and skeletal muscle in young and old vervet monkeys. Age (Dordr). 2016;38(3):58.

Kavanagh K, Davis AT, Jenkins KA, Flynn DM. Effects of heated hydrotherapy on muscle HSP70 and glucose metabolism in old and young vervet monkeys. Cell Stress Chaperones. 2016;21(4):717-725.

DeBo RJ, Lees CJ, Dugan GO, Caudell DL, Michalson KT, Hanbury DB, Kavanagh K, Cline JM, Register TC. Late effects of total-body gamma irradiation on cardiac structure and function in male rhesus macaques. Radiat Res. 2016;():.

Chichester L, Wylie AT, Craft S, Kavanagh K. Muscle heat shock protein 70 predicts insulin resistance with aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015;70(2):155-162.

Silverstein MG, Ordanes D, Wylie AT, Files DC, Milligan C, Presley TD, Kavanagh K. Inducing muscle heat shock protein 70 improves insulin sensitivity and muscular performance in aged mice. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015;70(7):800-808.

Kavanagh K, Dendinger MD, Davis AT, Register TC, DeBo R, Dugan G, Cline JM. Type 2 diabetes is a delayed late effect of whole-body irradiation in nonhuman primates. Radiat Res. 2015;183(4):398-406.

Kavanagh K, Wylie AT, Tucker KL, Hamp TJ, Gharaibeh RZ, Fodor AA, Cullen JM. Reply to KN Litwak and S Levin [letter]. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;99(1):210.

Chung S, Cuffe H, Marshall SM, McDaniel AL, Ha JH, Kavanagh K, Hong C, Tontonoz P, Temel RE, Parks JS. Dietary cholesterol promotes adipocyte hypertrophy and adipose tissue inflammation in visceral, but not in subcutaneous, fat in monkeys. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2014;34(9):1880-1887.

Hooper PL, Balogh G, Rivas E, Kavanagh K, Vigh L. The importance of the cellular stress response in the pathogenesis and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Cell Stress Chaperones. 2014;19(4):447-464.

Kavanagh K, Espeland MA, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Barinas-Mitchell E, Khoudary SR, Wildman RP. Liver fat and SHBG affect insulin resistance in midlife women: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013;21(5):1031-1038.

Kavanagh K, Flynn DM, Jenkins KA, Wilson MD, Chilton FH. Stearidonic and gamma-linolenic acids in echium oil improves glucose disposal in insulin resistant monkeys. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2013;89(1):39-45.

Kavanagh K, Wylie AT, Tucker KL, Hamp TJ, Gharaibeh RZ, Fodor AA, Cullen JM. Dietary fructose induces endotoxemia and hepatic injury in calorically controlled primates. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;98(2):349-357.

Voruganti VS, Jorgensen MJ, Kaplan JR, Kavanagh K, Rudel LL, Temel R, Fairbanks LA, Comuzzie AG. Significant genotype by diet (G X D) interaction effects on cardiometabolic responses to a pedigree-wide, dietary challenge in vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus). Am J Primatol. 2013;75(5):491-499.

Kavanagh K, Wylie AT, Tucker KL, Hamp TJ, Gharaibeh RZ, Fodor AA, Cullen JM. Reply to JS White [Primate fructose study misses mark due to preventable design flaws] [reply to letter]. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;98(5):1370.

Jorgensen MJ, Rudel LL, Kavanagh K, Jasinska AJ, Freimer NB, Jentsch JD, Fairbanks LA, Fallon MT, Kaplan JR. The vervet research colony as a biomedical resource [abstract]. Am J Primatol. 2012;74(Suppl 1):68.

Kavanagh K, Wylie AT, Chavanne TJ, Jorgensen MJ, Voruganti VS, Comuzzie AG, Kaplan JR, McCall CE, Kritchevsky SB. Aging does not reduce heat shock protein 70 in the absence of chronic insulin resistance. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2012;67(10):1014-1021.

Kavanagh K, Dozier BL, Chavanne TJ, Fairbanks LA, Jorgensen MJ, Kaplan JR. Fetal and maternal factors associated with infant mortality in vervet monkeys. J Med Primatol. 2011;40(1):27-36.

Saisho Y, Manesso E, Butler AE, Galasso R, Kavanagh K, Flynn M, Zhang L, Clark P, Gurlo T, Wagner JD, et al. Ongoing beta-cell turnover in adult nonhuman primates is not adaptively increased in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Diabetes. 2011;60(3):848-856.

Kavanagh K, Flynn DM, Nelson C, Zhang L, Wagner JD. Characterization and validation of a streptozotocin-induced diabetes model in the vervet monkey. J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods. 2011;63(3):296-303.

Kavanagh K, Flynn DM, Jenkins KA, Zhang L, Wagner JD. Restoring HSP70 deficiencies improves glucose tolerance in diabetic monkeys. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2011;300(5):E894-E901.

Rowe PA, Kavanagh K, Zhang L, Harwood HJ Jr, Wagner JD. Short-term hyperglycemia increases arterial superoxide production and iron dysregulation in atherosclerotic monkeys. Metabolism. 2011;60(8):1070-1080.

Voruganti V, Jorgensen MJ, Kaplan JR, Kauanagh K [sic] [Kavanagh K], Rudel LL, Temel R, Fairbanks LA, Comuzzie AG. Significant genotype by diet (GXD) interaction effects on cardiometabolic responses to a pedigree-wide, dietary challenge in Vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus) [abstract]. Am J Primatol. 2011;73(Suppl 1):84.

Appt SE, Kavanagh K, Chen H, Kaplan JR, Lazar J, Clarkson TB. Pulse wave velocity is positively correlated with atherosclerosis extent in midlife female nonhuman primates [abstract]. Menopause. 2011;18(12):1348.

Saisho Y, Butler AE, Manesso E, Galasso R, Zhang L, Gurlo T, Toffolo GM, Cobelli C, Kavanagh K, Wagner JD, et al. Relationship between fractional pancreatic beta cell area and fasting plasma glucose concentration in monkeys. Diabetologia. 2010;53(1):111-114.

Kavanagh K, Brown KK, Berquist ML, Zhang L, Wagner JD. Fluid compartmental shifts with efficacious pioglitazone therapy in overweight monkeys: implications for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist use in prediabetes. Metabolism. 2010;59(6):914-920.

Wagner JD, Shadoan MK, Zhang L, Ward GM, Royer LJ, Kavanagh K, Francone OL, Auerbach BJ, Harwood HJ Jr. A selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha agonist, CP-900691, improves plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and glycemic control in diabetic monkeys. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010;333(3):844-853.

Kavanagh K, Sajadian S, Jenkins KA, Wilson MD, Carr JJ, Wagner JD, Rudel LL. Neonatal and fetal exposure to trans-fatty acids retards early growth and adiposity while adversely affecting glucose in mice. Nutr Res. 2010;30(6):418-426.

Cann JA, Kavanagh K, Jorgensen MJ, Mohanan S, Howard TD, Gray SB, Hawkins GA, Fairbanks LA, Wagner JD. Clinicopathologic characterization of naturally occurring diabetes mellitus in vervet monkeys. Vet Pathol. 2010;47(4):713-718.

Wagner JD, Zhang L, Kavanagh K, Ward GM, Chin JE, Hadcock JR, Auerbach BJ, Harwood HJ Jr. A selective cannabinoid-1 receptor antagonist, PF-95453, reduces body weight and body fat to a greater extent than pair-fed controls in obese monkeys. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010;335(1):103-113.

Kavanagh K, Zhang L, Wagner JD. Tissue-specific regulation and expression of heat shock proteins in type 2 diabetic monkeys. Cell Stress Chaperones. 2009;14(3):291-299.

Mohanan S, Wagner JD, Kock ND, Kavanagh K, Cline JM. Hepatic Mallory-Denk body formation in a streptozotocin-treated vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) [abstract]. Toxicol Pathol. 2009;37(1):135-136.

Kavanagh K, Davis MA, Zhang L, Wilson MD, Register TC, Adams MR, Rudel LL, Wagner JD. Estrogen decreases atherosclerosis in part by reducing hepatic acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase 2 (ACAT2) in monkeys. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009;29(10):1471-1477.

Clark PB, Kavanagh K, Gage HD, Garg P, Garg S, Calles-Escandon J, Wagner JD, Morton K. Enhanced cholinergic response in pancreata of nonhuman primates with impaired glucose tolerance shown on [18F]fluorobenzyltrozamicol positron emission tomography. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2009;11(7):451-455.

Kavanagh K, Jones KL, Zhang L, Flynn DM, Shadoan MK, Wagner JD. High isoflavone soy diet increases insulin secretion without decreasing insulin sensitivity in premenopausal nonhuman primates. Nutr Res. 2008;28(6):368-376.

Ethun K, Kavanagh K, Kaplan JR. Chronic experimental high-fat diet exposure leads to coagulopathy in African green monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops saebeus) [abstract]. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2008;47(5):108.

Shadoan MK, Kavanagh K, Zhang L, Anthony MS, Wagner JD. Addition of medroxyprogesterone acetate to conjugated equine estrogens results in insulin resistance in adipose tissue. Metabolism. 2007;56(6):830-837.

Kavanagh K, Berquist M, Brown KK, Zhang L, Wagner JD. Evaluation of pioglitazone induced fluid retention in primates [abstract]. Am J Primatol. 2007;69(Suppl 1):49.

Wagner JD, Zhang L, Kavanagh K, Gray SB, Adams MR, Kaplan JR. Effects of sex hormones and soy isoflavones on obesity and insulin resistance in cynomolgus monkeys [abstract]. Am J Primatol. 2007;69(Suppl 1):71.

Kavanagh K, Jones KL, Sawyer J, Kelley K, Carr JJ, Wagner JD, Rudel LL. Trans fat diet induces abdominal obesity and changes in insulin sensitivity in monkeys. Obesity. 2007;15(7):1675-1684.

Kavanagh K, Fairbanks LA, Bailey JN, Jorgensen MJ, Wilson M, Zhang L, Rudel LL, Wagner JD. Characterization and heritability of obesity and associated risk factors in vervet monkeys. Obesity. 2007;15(7):1666-1674.

Flynn M, Kavanagh K, Zhang L, Collins J, Rankin S, Sajuthi A, Butler PC, Wagner JD. Development of a nonhuman primate model of type 1 diabetes in African green monkeys [abstract]. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2007;46(4):126.

Gray SB, Cann JA, Trybus JA, Kavanagh K, Wagner JD. Characterization of clinical and pancreatic islet pathology in captive, spontaneously diabetic Vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops) [abstract]. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2007;46(4):107.

Kavanagh K, Zhang L, Wagner JD. Differential regulation of heat shock proteins in liver and pancreas of diabetic monkeys [abstract]. Diabetes. 2007;56(Suppl 1):A516.

Flynn M, Shadoan MK, Kavanagh K, Zhang L, Auerbach BJ, Harwood HJ, Wagner JD. A novel selective PPAR-alpha agonist, CP900691, improves plasma lipids, lipoproteins, glycemic control and reduces body weight in diabetic monkeys [abstract]. Diabetes. 2007;56(Suppl 1):A138.

Powell, DF, Rossi PJ, Lawrence MV, Kavanagh K, McMullen KP, Stieber VW, Ellis TL, deGuzman AF, Bourland JD, Tatter SB. Stereotactic radiosurgery improves pre-treatment symptoms in patients with acoustic neuroma [abstract]. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006;66(3 Suppl):S198.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Associate Professor, Pathology-Comparative Medicine

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