Julienne K. Kirk, D.PharmWake Forest School of Medicine

Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm


Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-9043 | Department: 336-716-4479

Education & Training

  • B.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, 1986
  • D.Pharm., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, 1991
  • Residency, Durham County Hosp Corp, 1989
  • Residency, U North Carolina Sch Med, 1992


  • Am Coll Of Clinical Pharmacy
  • Am Diabetes Assn
  • Am Soc Of Hospital Pharmacists

NPI Number

  • 1134104995
Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm

Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm

Professor, Family & Community Medicine

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-9043 | Department: 336-716-4479

Recent Publications

Bell RA, Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Nguyen H, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Demographic, health and diabetes self-management correlates of medical skepticism among rural older adults. J Sci Med. 2016;2(1):51-56.

Ip EH, Saldana S, Chen SH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Nguyen H, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Unreliable item or inconsistent person? A study of variation in health beliefs and belief-anchors to biomedical models. J Health Psychol. 2015;20(8):1049-1059.

Kirk JK, Arcury TA, Ip E, Bell RA, Saldana S, Nguyen HT, Quandt SA. Diabetes symptoms and self-management behaviors in rural older adults. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2015;107(1):54-60.

Vaidya T, Feldman SR, Kirk J. Patient-centered approach to biologics in the treatment of psoriasis. J Nat Sci. 2015;1(3):e53.

Kirk JK, Davis SW, Hairston J, Melius K Marion GS. Medical student health literacy perspectives and experiences. J Fam Med Dis Prev. 2015;1():018.

Spangler JG, Kirk J. Correlation between diabetes prevalence and subsequent cancer mortality in North Carolina counties. J Diabetes Mellit. 2014;4(1):1-5.

Kirk JK, Davis SW, Lawrence K, Hildebrandt CA, Lord RW Jr. Outcomes and medication use in a longitudinal cohort of type 2 diabetes patients, 2006 to 2012. J Clin Outcomes Manage. 2014;21(1):9-14.

Quandt SA, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Chen SH, Nguyen H, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Assessment of a short diabetes knowledge instrument for older and minority adults. Diabetes Educ. 2014;40(1):68-76.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Patterns and stability over time of older adults' diabetes-related beliefs. Health Behav and Policy Rev. 2014;1(2):111-121.

Kirk JK, Hildebrandt C, Davis S, Crandall SJ, Siciliano AB, Marion GS. Perceptions of culturally competent diabetes management in a primary care practice. J Cult Divers. 2014;21(1):22-28.

Cassidy-Vu L, Linn E, Namak SY, Kirk JK. Providing preconception care in type 2 diabetes. J Diabetes Metab Disord Control. 2014;1(4):.

Namak SY, Kirk JK, Kramer R. Do patients with type 2 diabetes who aren't taking insulin benefit from self-monitoring blood glucose?. J Fam Pract. 2013;62(1):39-48.

Kirk JK, Craven T, Lipkin EW, Katula J, Pedley C, O'Connor PJ, Margolis KL. Longitudinal changes in dietary fat intake and associated changes in cardiovascular risk factors in adults with type 2 diabetes: the ACCORD trial. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013;100(1):61-68.

Kirk JK, Ebert CN, Gamble GP, Ebert CE. Social support strategies in adult patients with diabetes: a review of strategies in the USA and Europe. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2013;8(4):379-389.

Bell RA, Arcury TA, Ip E, Grzywacz JG, Nguyen H, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2013;37(5):660-666.

Nguyen HT, Kirk JK, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Cognitive function is a risk for health literacy in older adults with diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013;101(2):141-147.

Quandt SA, Reynolds T, Chapman C, Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Arcury TA. Older adults' fears about diabetes: using common sense models of disease to understand fear origins and implications for self-management. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;32(7):783-803.

Kirk JK, Hildebrandt CA, Davis SW, Crandall SJ, Marion GS. Standardized patient instructors' and physician assistant students' evaluation of diabetes counseling skills. J Physician Asst Educ. 2013;24(4):9-14.

Kirk JK. Guidelines on glucose self-monitoring in non-insulin users are not evidence-based [commentary]. Evid Based Med. 2013;18(6):237-238.

Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Performance of health literacy tests among older adults with diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2012;27(5):534-540.

Bell R, Arcury T, Ip E, Grzywacz J, Nguyen H, Kirk J, Saldana S, Quandt S. Demographic, health and self-management correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes [abstract]. Diabetes. 2012;61(Suppl 1):A582.

Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Saldana S, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA. Social integration and diabetes management among rural older adults. J Aging Health. 2012;24(6):899-922.

Nguyen HT, Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. The association of mental conditions with blood glucose levels in older adults with diabetes. Aging Ment Health. 2012;16(8):950-957.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, Reynolds T, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA. Cultural basis for diabetes-related beliefs among low- and high-education African American, American Indian, and White older adults. Ethn Dis. 2012;22(4):466-472.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Saldana S, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Ip E, Quandt SA. Social control in older adults' diabetes self management and well-being. Behav Med. 2012;38(4):115-120.

Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Chapman C, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Ip EH, Quandt SA. Blood glucose symptom recognition: perspectives of older rural adults. Diabetes Educ. 2011;37(3):363-369.

Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Older adults' common sense models of diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2011;35(3):318-333.

Richard KR, Shelburne JS, Kirk JK. Tolerability of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors: a review. Clin Ther. 2011;33(11):1609-1629.

Kirk JK, Davis SW, Hildebrandt CA, Strachan EN, Peechara ML, Lord R. Characteristics associated with glycemic control among family medicine patients with type 2 diabetes. N C Med J. 2011;72(5):345-350.

Kirk JK, Strachan E, Martin CL, Davis SW, Peechara M, Lord R. Patient characteristics and process of care measures as predictors of glycemic control. J Clin Outcomes Manage. 2010;17(1):27-30.

Kirk JK, Stegner J. Self-monitoring of blood glucose: practical aspects. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010;4(2):435-439.

Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Ip EH, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Linking glycemic control and executive function in rural older adults with diabetes mellitus. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58(6):1123-1127.

Kirk JK, Oldham EC. Hyperglycemia management using insulin in the acute care setting: therapies and strategies for care in the non-critically ill patient. Ann Pharmacother. 2010;44(7-8):1222-1230.

Calles-Escandon J, Light L, Lovato L, Getaneh A, Simmons D, Kirk J, Bonds D, Banerji MA, Green JB, Menon L, et al. Glycaemia management of minority participants in ACCORD [abstract]. Diabetologia. 2010;53(Suppl 1):S19.

Leak TS, Perlegas PS, Smith SG, Keene KL, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Mychaleckyj JC, Kirk JK, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Sale MM, et al. Variants in intron 13 of the ELMO1 gene are associated with diabetic nephropathy in African Americans. Ann Hum Genet. 2009;73(2):152-159.

Kirk JK, Namak S. Diabetes: rethinking risk and the Dx that fits. J Fam Pract. 2009;58(5):248-256.

Kirk JK, Graves DE, Craven TE, Lipkin EW, Austin M, Margolis KL. Restricted-carbohydrate diets in patients with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(1):91-100.

Kirk JK, Passmore LV, Bell RA, Venkat Narayan KM, D'Agostino RB Jr, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Disparities in A1C levels between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(2):240-246.

Kirk JK, Bertoni AG, Grzywacz JG, Smith A, Arcury TA. Evaluation of quality of diabetes care in a multiethnic, low-income population. J Clin Outcomes Manage. 2008;15(6):281-286.

Christiaanse ME, Russell EL, Crandall SJ, Lambros A, Manuel JC, Kirk JK. Development of an asset map of medical education research activity. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2008;28(3):186-193.

Kirk JK, Oldham EC. Sitagliptin and vildagliptin: efficacy of therapy in type 2 diabetes. Recent Patents Endocr Metabol Immune Drug Discov. 2008;2(3):162-171.

Kirk JK. Iron toxicity, acute In: Domino FJ, ed. The 5-minute clinical consult 2007. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2007: 672-673.

Kirk JK, Graves DE, Bell RA, Hildebrandt CA, Narayan KMV. Racial and ethnic disparities in self-monitoring of blood glucose among US adults: a qualitative review. Ethn Dis. 2007;17(1):135-142.

Kirk JK. Disparities in diabetes care among minority populations [editorial]. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2007;2(4):425-427.

Kirk JK, Raggio GA, Nesbit BA, Davis SW, Mihalko SL, Miller GD, Sevick MA. Individualized enhanced adherence intervention study in adults with diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2007;1(4):L1-L2.

Gerstein HC, Riddle MC, Kendall DM, Cohen RM, Goland R, Feinglos MN, Kirk JK, Hamilton BP, Ismail-Beigi F, Feeney P. Glycemia treatment strategies in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) Trial. Am J Cardiol. 2007;99(12A Suppl):34i-43i.

Marion GS, Crandall SJ, Celestino F, McCann W, Kirk J. Cultivating patient-centered communication skills training across the medical education continuum: a model for practice [commentary]. N C Med J. 2007;68(5):356-358.

Kirk JK, Bertoni AG, Case D, Bell RA, Goff DC Jr, Narayan KMV. Predicted risk of coronary heart disease among persons with type 2 diabetes. Coron Artery Dis. 2007;18(8):595-600.

Spangler J, Kirk JK. Pyelonephritis In: Domino FJ, ed. The 5-minute clinical consult 2007. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2006: 1034-1035.

Kirk JK, D'Agostino RB Jr, Bell RA, Passmore LV, Bonds DE, Karter AJ, Narayan KMV. Disparities in HbA1c levels between African-American and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006;29(9):2130-2136.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm

Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm

Professor, Family & Community Medicine

Quick Reference

Request an Appointment
New Patients


Existing patients may contact the clinic directly.
Find a Doctor Ways to Give
USNWR 2015-2016Magnet Hospital RecognitionConsumer Choice2015 Best DoctorsJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.