Sally A. Shumaker, Ph.D.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Education & Training

  • B.A., Wayne State University, 1973
  • M.A., University of Michigan/Ann Arbor, 1975
  • Ph.D., University of Michigan/Ann Arbor, 1979


  • Acoustical Society Of America
  • Am Gerontological Society
  • Am Psychological Assn
  • Am Public Health Assn
  • Canadian Society For Immunolog
  • Cell Kinetics Society
  • Cincinnati Pediatric Society
Sally A. Shumaker, Ph.D.

Sally A. Shumaker, Ph.D.

Director, Office of Intercampus/Comm Dev
Professor, Social Sciences & Health Policy
Center for Comparative Medicine Research
Comprehensive Cancer Center
Office of Women in Medicine and Science
Sticht Center on Aging
Translational Science Institute
Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine

Research Interests

aging, cognition/learning, epidemiology, hormones/cytokines/signalling, women's health issues, cancer/oncogenesis, cardiac function

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-3838 | Department: 336-716-6934


Recent Publications

Rapp SR, LaCroix AZ, Shumaker SA. Living long and living well: results from the Women's Health Initiative [editorial]. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(Suppl 1):S100-S102.

Rapp SR, LaCroix AZ, Shumaker SA. Living well after 80 years: an introduction to the special issue [editorial]. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(Suppl 1):S1-S2.

Naughton MJ, Brunner RL, Hogan PE, Danhauer SC, Brenes GA, Bowen DJ, Snively BM, Goveas JS, Saquib N, Zaslavsky O, Shumaker SA. Global quality of life among WHI women aged 80 years and older. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(Suppl 1):S72-S78.

Vaughan L, Redline S, Stone K, Ulanski J, Rueschman M, Dailey H, Rapp SR, Snively BM, Baker LD, Shumaker SA. Feasibility of self-administered sleep assessment in older women in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). Sleep Breath. 2016;():.

Vaughan L, Leng X, La Monte MJ, Tindle HA, Cochrane BB, Shumaker SA. Functional independence in late-life: maintaining physical functioning in older adulthood predicts daily life function after age 80. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(Suppl 1):S79-S86.

Beavers DP, Pettinger M, Espeland MA, Snively BM, Leng X, Hunt JR, Tindle HA, Shumaker SA. The evolution of the WHI 80+ cohort. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(Suppl 1):S13-S22.

Vaughan L, Hogan PE, Rapp SR, Dugan E, Marottoli RA, Snively BM, Shumaker SA, Sink KM. Driving with mild cognitive impairment or dementia: cognitive test performance and proxy report of daily life function in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015;63(9):1774-1782.

Coker LH, Espeland MA, Hogan PE, Resnick SM, Bryan RN, Robinson JG, Goveas JS, Davatzikos C, Kuller LH, Williamson JD, Bushnell CD, Shumaker SA. Change in brain and lesion volumes after CEE therapies: the WHIMS-MRI studies. Neurology. 2014;82(5):427-434.

Driscoll I, Snively BM, Espeland MA, Shumaker SA, Rapp SR, Goveas JS, Casanova R, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE, Rossom RC, Brooks J, Hernandez DG, Singleton AB, Resnick SM. A candidate gene study of genetic risk for dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in women aged greater than 65 years: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) [abstract]. Alzheimers Dement. 2014;10(4 Suppl):P787-P788.

Vaughan L, Espeland MA, Snively B, Shumaker SA, Rapp SR, Shupe J, Robinson JG, Sarto GE, Resnick SM. The rationale, design, and baseline characteristics of the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study of Younger Women (WHIMS-Y). Brain Res. 2013;1514():3-11.

Fu W, O'Connor TD, Jun G, Kang HM, Abecasis G, Leal SM, Gabriel S, Rieder MJ, Altshuler D, Shendure J, Nickerson DA, Bamshad MJ, Bowden DW, Burke G, Carr J, Goff D, Herrington DM, Liu Y, Bleecker E, Meyers D,. Analysis of 6,515 exomes reveals the recent origin of most human protein-coding variants. Nature. 2013;493(7431):216-220.

Danhauer SC, Legault C, Bandos H, Kidwell K, Costantino J, Vaughan L, Avis NE, Rapp S, Coker LH, Naughton M, Naylor C, Terracciano A, Shumaker S. Positive and negative affect, depression, and cognitive processes in the Cognition in the Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (Co-STAR) Trial. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2013;20(5):532-552.

Espeland MA, Pettinger M, Falkner KL, Shumaker SA, Limacher M, Thomas F, Weaver KE, Stefanick ML, McQuellon C, Hunt JR, Johnson KC. Demographic and health factors associated with enrollment in posttrial studies: the Women's Health Initiative Hormone Therapy Trials. Clin Trials. 2013;10(3):463-472.

Espeland MA, Shumaker SA, Leng I, Manson JE, Brown CM, LeBlanc ES, Vaughan L, Robinson J, Rapp SR, Goveas JS, Wactawski-Wende J, Stefanick ML, Li W, Resnick SM. Long-term effects on cognitive function of postmenopausal hormone therapy prescribed to women aged 50 to 55 years. JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(15):1429-1436.

Prentice RL, Manson JE, Anderson GL, Lacroix AZ, Shumaker SA, Chlebowski RT, Howard BV, Stefanick ML, Jackson RD, Wactawski-Wende J, Rossouw JE. Women's Health Initiative view of estrogen avoidance and all-cause mortality [letter]. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(12):e2.

Sink KM, Corbett M, Dugan E, Espeland MA, Hogan P, Rapp S, Vaughan L, Shumaker SA. (CNS) prevalence and predictors of driving among cognitively impaired older adults: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study-epidemiology of cognitive health outcomes (WHIMS-ECHO) [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2013;53(Suppl 1):7.

Haan M, Espeland MA, Klein BE, Casanova R, Gaussoin SA, Jackson RD, Millen AE, Resnick SM, Rossouw JE, Shumaker SA, Wallace R, Yaffe K. Cognitive function and retinal and ischemic brain changes: the Women's Health Initiative. Neurology. 2012;78(13):942-949.

Jabson JM, Bowen D, Weinberg J, Luo J, Kroenke CH, Tindle H, Messina C, Shumaker S. Psychosocial clusters and associations with women's physical and mental health: a cluster analysis [abstract]. Ann Behav Med. 2012;43(Suppl 1):S116.

Moinpour CM, Darke AK, Donaldson GW, Cespedes D, Johnson CR, Ganz PA, Patrick DL, Ware JE Jr, Shumaker SA, Meyskens FL, Thompson IM Jr. Health-related quality-of-life findings for the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2012;104(18):1373-1385.

Rapp SR, Legault C, Espeland MA, Resnick SM, Hogan PE, Coker LH, Dailey M, Shumaker SA. Validation of a cognitive assessment battery administered over the telephone. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012;60(9):1616-1623.

Mojtabai R, Corey-Lisle PK, Ip EH, Kopeykina I, Haeri S, Cohen LJ, Shumaker S. The Patient Assessment Questionnaire: initial validation of a measure of treatment effectiveness for patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2012;200(2-3):857-866.

Legault C, Jennings JM, Katula JA, Dagenbach D, Gaussoin SA, Sink KM, Rapp SR, Rejeski WJ, Shumaker SA, Espeland MA. Designing clinical trials for assessing the effects of cognitive training and physical activity interventions on cognitive outcomes: the Seniors Health and Activity Research Program Pilot (SHARP-P) Study, a randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatr. 2011;11(1):article 27.

Casanova R, Whitlow CT, Wagner B, Williamson J, Shumaker SA, Maldjian JA, Espeland MA. High dimensional classification of structural MRI Alzheimer's disease data based on large scale regularization. Front Neuroinform. 2011;5():article 22.

Danhauer SC, Legault C, Costantino JP, Avis NE, Rapp S, Coker LH, Terracciano A, Shumaker SA. Affect, depression, and cognition in Cognition in the Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (CO-STAR) [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2011;51(Suppl 2):292.

Coker LH, Espeland MA, Rapp SR, Legault C, Resnick SM, Hogan P, Gaussoin S, Dailey M, Shumaker SA. Postmenopausal hormone therapy and cognitive outcomes: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS). J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;118(4-5):304-310.

Espeland MA, Shumaker SA, Limacher M, Rapp SR, Bevers TB, Barad DH, Coker LH, Gaussoin SA, Stefanick ML, Lane DS, et al. Relative effects of tamoxifen, raloxifene, and conjugated equine estrogens on cognition. J Womens Health. 2010;19(3):371-379.

Naughton MJ, Shumaker SA. Assessment of health-related quality of life In: Friedman LM, Furberg CD, DeMets DL, eds. Fundamentals of clinical trials. 4th ed. New York: Springer Verlag;2010: 233-249.

Shumaker SA, Espeland MA, Leng X, Limacher M, Manson JE, Stefanick ML. Cognitive function and cognitive change on incident CCD: the WHI Memory Study (WHIMS) [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2010;50(Suppl 1):309.

Brunner R, Dunbar-Jacob J, LeBoff MS, Granek I, Bowen D, Snetselaar LG, Shumaker SA, Ockene J, Rosal M, Wactawski-Wende J, et al. Predictors of adherence in the Women's Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D Trial. Behav Med. 2009;34(4):145-155.

Coker LH, Hogan PE, Bryan NR, Kuller LH, Margolis KL, Bettermann K, Wallace RB, Lao Z, Freeman R, Shumaker SA, et al. Postmenopausal hormone therapy and subclinical cerebrovascular disease: the WHIMS-MRI Study. Neurology. 2009;72(2):125-134.

Shumaker SA, Ockene JK, Riekert KA. In: The handbook of health behavior change. 3rd ed. New York: Springer;2009: .

Shumaker SA. Obstacles and predictors of lifestyle change and adherence In: Shumaker SA, Ockene JK, Riekert KA, eds. The handbook of health behavior change. 3rd ed. New York: Springer;2009: 393-395.

Shumaker SA. Lifestyle change and adherence issues within specific populations In: Shumaker SA, Ockene JK, Riekert KA, eds. The handbook of health behavior change. 3rd ed. New York: Springer;2009: 479-482.

Shumaker SA. Lifestyle change and adherence: the broader context In: Shumaker SA, Ockene JK, Riekert KA, eds. The handbook of health behavior change. 3rd ed. New York: Springer;2009: 709-712.

Legault C, Maki PM, Resnick SM, Coker L, Hogan P, Bevers TB, Shumaker SA. Effects of tamoxifen and raloxifene on memory and other cognitive abilities: cognition in the study of tamoxifen and raloxifene. J Clin Oncol. 2009;27(31):5144-5152.

Espeland MA, Shumaker SA, Hogan PE, Resnick SM. Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) program: emerging findings In: Hogervorst E, Henderson VW, Gibbs RB, Brinton RD, eds. Hormones, cognition and dementia: state of the art and emergent therapeutic strategies. New York: Cambridge University Press;2009: 1-10.

Barad DH, Bevers TB, Coker LH, Espeland MA, Jaramillo SA, Limacher M, Lane DS, Rapp S, Maki P, Shumaker SA, et al. Relative effects of tamoxifen, raloxifene, and estrogen therapy on cognition: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) and the Cognition in the Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (CoSTAR) clinical trials [abstract]. Reprod Sci. 2008;15(2 Suppl):309A.

Legault C, Resnick S, Hogan P, Maki P, Bevers TB, Shumaker S. Cognition in the study of tamoxifen and raloxifene (Co-STAR) [abstract]. Alzheimers Dement. 2008;4(4 Suppl 1):T166.

Brunner RL, Cochrane B, Jackson RD, Larson J, Lewis C, Limacher M, Rosal M, Shumaker S, Wallace R. Calcium, vitamin D supplementation, and physical function in the Women's Health Initiative. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(9):1472-1479.

Moinpour CM, Darke AK, Donaldson GW, Thompson IM Jr, Langley C, Ankerst DP, Patrick DL, Ware JE Jr, Ganz PA, Shumaker SA, et al. Longitudinal analysis of sexual function reported by men in the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99(13):1025-1035.

Sherman AM, Shumaker SA, Rejeski WJ, Morgan T, Applegate WB, Ettinger W. Social support, social integration, and health-related quality of life over time: results from the Fitness and Arthritis in Seniors Trial (FAST). Psychol Health. 2006;21(4):463-480.

Shumaker SA, Legault C, Coker LH. Behavior-based interventions to enhance cognitive functioning and independence in older adults [editorial]. JAMA. 2006;296(23):2852-2854.

Meacham H, Phipps J, Harris D, Coker L, Legault C, Pleasants D, Ashford D, Hogan P, Shumaker S. A Web-based payment system is efficient for a large multi-site clinical trial [abstract]. Clin Trials. 2006;3(2 Suppl):222.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

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