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Terrence R. Stanford, Ph.D.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Terrence R. Stanford, Ph.D.

Professor,

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-0359 | Department: 336-716-0359

Email: stanford@wakehealth.edu

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Education & Training

  • B.A., Connecticut College , 1982
  • Ph.D., University of Connecticut Health Center , 1989
  • Fellowship, University of Pennsylvania, 1995

Memberships

  • Soc for the Neur Control Movem
  • Society for Neuroscience
  • Western Nc Chpt Soc For Neuros
  • Am Physiological Society
  • Int'l Basal Ganglia Society
Terrence R. Stanford, Ph.D.

Terrence R. Stanford, Ph.D.

Professor, Neurobiology & Anatomy

Research Interests

cognition/learning, neurosciences/behavior, statistics/mathematics

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-0359 | Department: 336-716-0359

Email: stanford@wakehealth.edu

Related Links

Recent Publications

Zhou X, Zhu D, Katsuki F, Qi XL, Lees CJ, Bennett AJ, Salinas E, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Age-dependent changes in prefrontal intrinsic connectivity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111(10):3853-3858.

Xu J, Yu L, Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Noise-rearing disrupts the maturation of multisensory integration. Eur J Neurosci. 2014;39(4):602-613.

Salinas E, Scerra VE, Hauser CK, Costello MG, Stanford TR. Decoupling speed and accuracy in an urgent decision-making task reveals multiple contributions to their trade-off. Front Neurosci. 2014;8():85.

Stein BE, Stanford TR, Rowland BA. Development of multisensory integration from the perspective of the individual neuron. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2014;15(8):520-535.


Salinas E, Costello G, Zhu D, Stanford T. Saccadic choices without attentional selection during an urgent-decision task [abstract]. In: Abstracts of the COSYN 10th Annual Meeting; 2013 Feb 28 - Mar 3; Salt Lake City (UT). 2013;():38.

Stein BE, Stanford TR, Godwin DW, McHaffie JG. The superior colliculus and visual thalamus In: Pfaff DW, ed. Neuroscience in the 21st century: from basic to clinical. New York: Springer;2013: 629-653.

Costello MG, Zhu D, Salinas E, Stanford TR. Perceptual modulation of motor--but not visual--responses in the frontal eye field during an urgent-decision task. J Neurosci. 2013;33(41):16394-408.

Stein BE, Stanford TR. Development of the superior colliculus/optic tectum In: Rubensteing JL, Rakic P, eds. Neural circuit development and function in the healthy and diseased brain: comprehensive developmental neuroscience. Amsterdam: Academic Press;2013: 41-59.

Procacci NM, Stanford TR. The impact of perceptual, cognitive and motor factors on bimanual coordination. Psychol Res. 2013;77(6):794-807.

Yu L, Xu J, Stanford TR, Rowland BA, Stein BE. Cross-modal experience instantiates specific multisensory integration capabilities in superior colliculus neurons [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2013;2013(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Xu J, Yu L, Stanford TR, Rowland BA, Stein BE. Problems in acquiring multisensory integration capabilites in adulthood [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2013;2013(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Zhou X, Zhu D, Qi XL, Lees CJ, Bennett AJ, Salinas E, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Working memory performance and neural activity in prefrontal cortex of peripubertal monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 2013;110(11):2648-2660.

Costello MG, Zhu D, Salinas E, Stanford TR. Perceptual modulation of motor - but not visual - responses in the frontal eye field during an urgent-decision task [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2013;2013(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Zhou X, Zhu D, Katsuki F, Qi X-L, Lees CJ, Bennett AJ, Salinas E, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Weak intrinsic connectivity in the peri-pubertal prefrontal cortex [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2013;2013(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Hauser CK, Shankar S, Salinas E, Stanford T. Impact of multifeature integration on performance dissociated from reaction time effects via an urgent decision-making task [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2013;2013(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Xu J, Yu L, Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Incorporating cross-modal statistics in the development and maintenance of multisensory integration. J Neurosci. 2012;32(7):2287-2298.

Qi X-L, Meyer T, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Neural correlates of a decision variable before learning to perform a match/non-match task. J Neurosci. 2012;32(18):6161-6169.

Stanford TR. Commentary: multisensory perspectives on perceptual decision making and perceptual learning In: Stein BE, ed. The new handbook of multisensory processing. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press;2012: 469-474.

Stanford TR, Salinas E. The potential impact of multisensory integration on perceptual decision making In: Stein BE, ed. The new handbook of multisensory processing. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press;2012: 495-508.

Zhou X, Zhu D, Qi X-L, Palaninathan K, Lees CJ, Bennett AJ, Salinas E, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Antisaccade performance and neural activity in the prefrontal cortex of juvenile monkeys [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2012;2012(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Xu J, Yu L, Stanford T, Rowland B, Stein B. Independent, but otherwise normal, experiences with auditory and visual information is not sufficient for the maturation of multisensory integration capabilities [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2012;2012(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Hampson RE, Porrino LJ, Opris I, Stanford T, Deadwyler SA. Effects of cocaine rewards on neural representations of cognitive demand in nonhuman primates. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2011;213(1):105-118.

Opris I, Hampson RE, Stanford TR, Gerhardt GA, Deadwyler SA. Neural activity in frontal cortical cell layers: evidence for columnar sensorimotor processing. J Cogn Neurosci. 2011;23(6):1507-1521.

Meyer T, Qi X-L, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Stimulus selectivity in dorsal and ventral prefrontal cortex after training in working memory tasks. J Neurosci. 2011;31(17):6266-6276.

Shankar S, Massoglia DP, Zhu D, Costello MG, Stanford TR, Salinas E. Tracking the temporal evolution of a perceptual judgment using a compelled-response task. J Neurosci. 2011;31(23):8406-8421.

Qi X-L, Meyer T, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Changes in prefrontal neuronal activity after learning to perform a spatial working memory task. Cereb Cortex. 2011;21(12):2722-2732.

Pluta SR, Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Alterations to multisensory and unisensory integration by stimulus competition. J Neurophysiol. 2011;106(6):3091-3101.

Qi X, Meyer T, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Neural correlates of a spatial decision before and after training [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2011;2011(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Xu J, Yu L, Stanford TR, Rowland BA, Stein BE. Rearing animals in omnidirectional sound disrupts the maturation of multisensory integration in superior colliculus neurons [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2011;2011(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Rowland BA, Perrault TJ Jr, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Multisensory integration: speeded physiological responses exceed previous estimates [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2011;2011(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Costello MG, Zhu D, Salinas E, Stanford TR. Neural correlates of random and informed saccadic choices in the macaque frontal eye fields and central thalamus [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2011;2011(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Shankar S, Stanford TR, Salinas E. Effects of stimulus characteristics on the time course of perceptual discrimination [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2011;2011(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Stein BE, Perrault T Jr, Stanford TR, Rowland BA. The developmental process of acquiring multisensory integration capabilities In: Chalupa LM, Berardi N, Caleo M, Galli-Resta L, Pizzorusso T, eds. Cerebral plasticity: new perspectives. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press;2011: 179-199.

Rowland BA, Stein BE, Stanford TR. Computational models of multisensory integration in the cat superior colliculus In: Trommershauser J, Kording K, Landy MS, eds. Sensory cue integration. New York: Oxford University Press;2011: 333-344.

Stanford TR, Shankar S, Massoglia DP, Costello MG, Salinas E. Perceptual decision making in less than 30 milliseconds. Nat Neurosci. 2010;13(3):379-385.

Stanford TR, Shankar S, Massoglia D, Costello G, Salinas E. Clocking perceptual processing speed: from chance to 75% correct in 30 milliseconds [abstract]. Frontiers in Neuroscience. Conference Abstract: Computational and Systems Neuroscience 2010. 2010;():.

Stein BE, Burr D, Constantinidis C, Laurienti PJ, Meredith MA, Perrault TJ Jr, Ramachandran R, Roder B, Rowland BA, Stanford TR, et al. Semantic confusion regarding the development of multisensory integration: a practical solution. Eur J Neurosci. 2010;31(10):1713-1720.

Stanford TR, Salinas E. Clocking perceptual processing speed: from chance to 75% correct in less than 30 milliseconds. Commun Integr Biol. 2010;3(3):287-289.

Salinas E, Shankar S, Costello MG, Zhu D, Stanford TR. Waiting is the hardest part: comparison of two computational strategies for performing a compelled-response task. Front Comput Neurosci. 2010;4():153.

Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Subthreshold interactions in multisensory integration: from outputs to inputs [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2010;2010(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Pluta S, Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. The potency of multisensory integration in complex environments [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2010;2010(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Costello MG, Zhu D, Salinas E, Stanford TR. Correlates of random and informed saccadic choices in macaque frontal eye fields [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2010;2010(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

May PJ, McHaffie JG, Stanford TR, Jiang H, Costello MG, Coizet V, Hayes LM, Haber SN, Redgrave P. Tectonigral projections in the primate: a pathway for pre-attentive sensory input to midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Eur J Neurosci. 2009;29(3):575-587.


Stein BE, Rowland B, Laurienti P, Stanford TR. Multisensory convergence and integration In: Squire LR, ed. Encyclopedia of neuroscience, vol 5. Berlin: Elsevier/Academic Press;2009: 1119-1124.

Alvarado JC, Stanford TR, Rowland BA, Vaughan JW, Stein BE. Multisensory integration in the superior colliculus requires synergy among corticocollicular inputs. J Neurosci. 2009;29(20):6580-6592.

Stein BE, Stanford TR, Ramachandran R, Perrault TJ Jr, Rowland BA. Challenges in quantifying multisensory integration: alternative criteria, models, and inverse effectiveness. Exp Brain Res. 2009;198(2-3):113-126.

Hudgins ED, McHaffie JG, Redgrave P, Salinas E, Stanford TR. Putative midbrain dopamine neurons encode sensory salience and reward prediction at different latencies [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2009;2009(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Stein BE, Stanford TR, Rowland BA. The neural basis of multisensory integration in the midbrain: its organization and maturation. Hear Res. 2009;258(1-2):4-15.

Stanford TR. Multisensory integration in the superior colliculus requires synergy among cortical inputs from modality-specific subregions of the anterior ectosylvian sulcus [abstract]. In: Abstracts of the 10th International Multisensory Research Forum; 2009 June 29 - July 2; New York (NY). 2009;():.

Stein BE, Perrault TJ Jr, Stanford TR, Rowland BA. Postnatal experiences influence how the brain integrates information from different senses. Front Integr Neurosci. 2009;3():article 21.

Stein BE, Stanford TR. Multisensory integration: current issues from the perspective of the single neuron. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008;9(4):255-266.

Meyer T, Qi X, Stanford T, Constantinidis C. Effects of training on the organization of spatial and feature visual responses in the lateral prefrontal cortex [abstract]. J Vis. 2008;8(6):1170a.

Shankar S, Costello MG, Stanford TR, Salinas E. A diffusion model of the perceptual decision-making process in a Compelled-Saccade task [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2008;2008(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Zhu D, Stanford TR. Reward-related modulation of anticipatory, sensory, and saccade-related activity in the frontal cortex of monkeys performing a simple reaction time task [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2008;2008(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Costello MG, Zhu D, Massoglia DP, Stanford TR. Temporal correlates of saccadic choice accuracy in macaque frontal cortex and central thalamus [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2008;2008(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Opris I, Hampson RE, Long J, Ramirez S, Todd M, Dunlap M, Stanford TR, Gerhardt GA, Deadwyler SA. Columnar processing in monkey prefrontal cortical neurons for juice vs. cocaine reinforcement [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2008;2008(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Alvarado J, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Sensory experience and the maturation of multisensory integration [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2008;2008(Neuroscience Meeting Planner):.

Alvarado JC, Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. A neural network model of multisensory integration also accounts for unisensory integration in superior colliculus. Brain Res. 2008;1242(Special Issue):13-23.

Stanford TR, Alvarado JC, Vaughan JW, Stein BE. Distinct circuits support unisensory and multisensory integration in the cat superior colliculus [abstract]. In: Abstracts of the 9th International Multisensory Research Forum; 2008 July 16-19; Hamburg (Germany). 2008;():.

Stanford TR, Stein BE. Superadditivity in multisensory integration: putting the computation in context. Neuroreport. 2007;18(8):787-792.


Rowland BA, Quessy S, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Multisensory integration shortens physiological response latencies. J Neurosci. 2007;27(22):5879-5884.

Alvarado JC, Vaughan JW, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Multisensory versus unisensory integration: contrasting modes in the superior colliculus. J Neurophysiol. 2007;97(5):3193-3205.

Alvarado JC, Stanford TR, Vaughan JW, Stein BE. Cortex mediates multisensory but not unisensory integration in superior colliculus. J Neurosci. 2007;27(47):12775-86.

Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Superior colliculus neurons may use multiple strategies in integrating cross-modal cues [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2007;2007(Abstr Viewer):.

Alvarado J, Stanford TR, Vaughan JW, Stein BE. Multisensory versus unisensory integration in single SC neurons: computational operations in the absence of early visual experience [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2007;2007(Abstr Viewer):.

Shankar S, Costello MG, Stanford TR, Salinas E. A diffusion model of the perceptual decision-making process in a Compelled-Saccade task [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2007;2007(Abstr Viewer):.

Meyer T, Qi X-L, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Training does not decrease domain specificity for features and locations in monkey prefrontal cortex [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2007;2007(Abstr Viewer):.

Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. A model of the neural mechanisms underlying multisensory integration in the superior colliculus. Perception. 2007;36(10):1431-1443.

Coizet V, McHaffie J, May P, Stanford T, Jiang H, Costello Grinberg M, Graham J, Overton P, Redgrave P. The tecto-subthalamic projection: a source of short-latency visual input to the subthalamic nucleus [abstract]. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2007;13(Suppl 2):S41.

McHaffie JG, Jiang H, Stanford TR, Costello MG, Redgrave P, Coizet V, May PJ. The subthalamic nucleus receives afferents from the superior colliculus in cats and macaque monkeys [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2006;2006(Abstr Viewer):.

May PJ, McHaffie JG, Jiang H, Stanford TR, Costello MG, Haber SN, Coizet V, Redgrave P. Projections from the superior colliculus to substantai nigra pars compacta in a primate [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2006;2006(Abstr Viewer):.

Meyer T, Qi X, Stanford TR, Constantinidis C. Functional organization of monkey prefrontal cortex before training in a memory task [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2006;2006(Abstr Viewer):.

Costello MG, Massoglia DP, Stanford TR. Temporal correlates of saccardic choice accuracy in macaque frontal cortex [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2006;2006(Abstr Viewer):.

Procacci NM, Stanford TR. The influence of eye position and visual feedback on limb parameters during performance of discrete bimanual tasks [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2006;2006(Abstr Viewer):.

Alvarado J, Stanford TR, Vaughan JW, Stein BE. Synergy among the cortico-collicular influences underlying multisensory integration [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2006;2006(Abstr Viewer):.

Rowland BA, Stanford TR, Stein BE. Computational modeling of multisensory neurons in the superior colliculus [abstract]. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 2006;2006(Abstr Viewer):.

Stanford T, Stein B. Superadditivity: putting the tail in context [abstract]. In: International Multisensory Research Forum 7th Annual Meeting Program; 2006 June 18-21; Dublin (Ireland). 2006;():24.

Rowland B, Quessy S, Stanford T, Stein B. Timing: a critical factor in multisensory integration [abstract]. In: International Multisensory Research Forum 7th Annual Meeting Program; 2006 June 18-21; Dublin (Ireland). 2006;():44.

Stanford TR. Perspectives on subcortical contributions to higher-order-aspects of visuooculomotor control In: Bezard E, ed. Recent breakthroughs in basal ganglia research. New York: Nova Science Publishers;2006: 201-211.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Terrence R. Stanford, Ph.D.

Terrence R. Stanford, Ph.D.

Professor, Neurobiology & Anatomy

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