Joel Douglas Stitzel Jr., Ph.D.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Joel Douglas Stitzel Jr., Ph.D.


Clinical Specialties

Pediatric Trauma, Trauma/Critical Care, Radiology, Orthopaedics

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-5597 | Department: 336-716-4739


Media Medical Expert »

Education & Training

  • B.S., Virginia PolyTechnical Institute , 1997
  • M.S., Virginia Commonwealth University , 2000
  • Ph.D., Virginia PolyTechnical Institute , 2003
Joel Douglas Stitzel Jr., Ph.D.

Joel Douglas Stitzel Jr., Ph.D.

Chair, Biomedical Engineering
Professor, Biomedical Engineering
Childress Institute
Institute for Regenerative Medicine
Translational Science Institute

Research Interests

biotechnology, engineering/bioengineering, epidemiology, health services, research/outc, information sciences, model development, neurosciences/behavior, prevention, statistics/mathematics, surgery/trauma/burns/trauma

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-5597 | Department: 336-716-4739


Media Medical Expert »

Recent Publications

Golman AJ, Danelson KA, Miller LE, Stitzel JD. Injury prediction in a side impact crash using human body model simulation. Accid Anal Prev. 2014;64():1-8.

Hayes AR, Vavalle NA, Moreno DP, Stitzel JD, Gayzik FS. Validation of simulated chestband data in frontal and lateral loading using a human body finite element model. Traffic Inj Prev. 2014;15(2):181-186.

Kilgo PD, Weaver AA, Barnard RT, Love TP, Stitzel JD. Comparison of injury mortality risk in motor vehicle crash versus other etiologies. Accid Anal Prev. 2014;67():137-147.

Plate JF, Brown PJ, Walters J, Clark JA, Smith TL, Freehill MT, Tuohy CJ, Stitzel JD, Mannava S. Advanced age diminishes tendon-to-bone healing in a rat model of rotator cuff repair. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(4):859-868.

White NA, Moreno DP, Brown PJ, Gayzik FS, Hsu W, Powers AK, Stitzel JD. Effects of cervical arthrodesis and arthroplasty on neck response during a simulated frontal automobile collision. Spine J. 2014;14(9):2195-2207.

Davenport EM, Whitlow CT, Urban JE, Espeland MA, Jung Y, Rosenbaum DA, Gioia G, Powers AK, Stitzel JD, Maldjian JA. Abnormal white matter integrity related to head impact exposure in a season of high school varsity football. J Neurotrauma. 2014;():.

Golman AJ, Danelson KA, Gaewsky JP, Stitzel JD. Implementation and validation of thoracic side impact injury prediction metrics in a human body model. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2014;():.

Stitzel J, Urban J, Davenport E, Maldjian J, Whitlow C, Powers A. Development of a risk weighted cumulative exposure metric for the analysis of head impact data [abstract]. Brain Inj. 2014;28(5-6):802.

Weaver AA, Schoell SL, Nguyen CM, Lynch SK, Stitzel JD. Morphometric analysis of variation in the sternum with sex and age. J Morphol. 2014;():.

Loftis KL, Swett KR, Martin RS, Meredith JW, Stitzel JD. Similarity scoring methodology for comparing real-world cases to crash test standards. Int J Crashworthiness. 2014;19(1):57-70.

Weaver AA, Danelson KA, Armstrong EG, Hoth JJ, Stitzel JD. Investigation of pulmonary contusion extent and its correlation to crash, occupant, and injury characteristics in motor vehicle crashes. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;50():223-233.

Vavalle NA, Moreno DP, Rhyne AC, Stitzel JD, Gayzik FS. Lateral impact validation of a geometrically accurate full body finite element model for blunt injury prediction. Ann Biomed Eng. 2013;41(3):497-512.

Weaver AA, Loftis KL, Stitzel JD. Investigation of the safety effects of knee bolster air bag deployment in similar real-world crash comparisons. Traffic Inj Prev. 2013;14(2):168-180.

Hayes AR, Gayzik FS, Moreno DP, Martin RS, Stitzel JD. Comparison of organ location, morphology, and rib coverage of a midsized male in the supine and seated positions. Comput Math Methods Med. 2013;2013():419821.

Barnard RT, Loftis KL, Martin RS, Stitzel JD. Development of a robust mapping between AIS 2+ and ICD-9 injury codes. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;52():133-143.

Anderson SA, Danelson KA, Mammarappallil JG, Chiles C, Stitzel JD. Semiautomatic method of quantifying pleural effusions using computed tomography scans--biomed 2013. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2013;49():13-19.

Lillie EM, Urban JE, Lynch SK, Whitlow CT, Stitzel JD. Evaluation of the extent and distribution of diffuse axonal injury from real world motor vehicle crashes--biomed 2013. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2013;49():297-304.

Schoell SL, Weaver AA, Stitzel JD. Development of an occult metric for common motor vehicle crash injuries--biomed 2013. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2013;49():274-280.

Vavalle NA, Jelen BC, Moreno DP, Stitzel JD, Gayzik FS. An evaluation of objective rating methods for full-body finite element model comparison to PMHS tests. Traffic Inj Prev. 2013;14(Suppl):S87-S94.

Kemper AR, Santago AC, Stitzel JD, Sparks JL, Duma SM. Effect of strain rate on the material properties of human liver parenchyma in unconfined compression. J Biomech Eng. 2013;135(10):104503.

Cobb BR, Urban JE, Davenport EM, Rowson S, Duma SM, Maldjian JA, Whitlow CT, Powers AK, Stitzel JD. Head impact exposure in youth football: elementary school ages 9-12 years and the effect of practice structure. Ann Biomed Eng. 2013;41(12):2463-2473.

Urban JE, Davenport EM, Golman AJ, Maldjian JA, Whitlow CT, Powers AK, Stitzel JD. Head impact exposure in youth football: high school ages 14 to 18 years and cumulative impact analysis. Ann Biomed Eng. 2013;41(12):2474-2487.

Weaver AA, Barnard RT, Kilgo PD, Martin RS, Stitzel JD. Mortality-based quantification of injury severity for frequently occurring motor vehicle crash injuries. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2013;57():235-246.

Xu NM, Brown PJ, Plate JF, Nazir OF, Gluck GS, Stitzel JD, Li Z. Fibrin glue augmentation for flexor tendon repair increases friction compared with epitendinous suture. J Hand Surg [Am]. 2013;38(12):2329-2334.

Hayes AR, Gayzik FS, Moreno DP, Martin RS, Stitzel JD. Abdominal organ location, morphology, and rib coverage for the 5th, 50th, and 95th percentile males and females in the supine and seated posture using multi-modality imaging. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2013;57():111-122.

White NA, Moreno DP, Gayzik FS, Stitzel JD. Cross-sectional neck response of a total human body FE model during simulated frontal and side automobile impacts. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2013;():.

Kemper AR, Santago AC, Stitzel JD, Sparks JL, Duma SM. Biomechanical response of human spleen in tensile loading. J Biomech. 2012;45(2):348-355.

Duma SM, Cormier JM, Hurst WJ, Stitzel JD, Herring IP. Experimental analysis of airbag seam design: high-rate shear testing for skin abrasions. Proc Inst Mech Eng D J Automob Eng. 2012;226(D4):468-478.

Weaver AA, Danelson KA, Stitzel JD. Modeling brain injury response for rotational velocities of varying directions and magnitudes. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012;40(9):2005-2018.

Rhyne AC, Gayzik FS, Moreno DP, Stitzel JD. Methods for comparison of abdominal organ location and shape in the supine and upright positions. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2012;48():351-358.

Thompson AB, Gayzik FS, Moreno DP, Rhyne AC, Vavalle NA, Stitzel JD. A paradigm for human body finite element model integration from a set of regional models. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2012;48():423-430.

Urban JE, Maldjian JA, Whitlow CT, Stitzel JD. A method to investigate the size and shape variation of the lateral ventricles with age. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2012;48():447-453.

Vavalle NA, Moreno DP, Stitzel JD, Gayzik FS. The effect of impactor location and velocity variation on validation of an advanced human body finite element model. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2012;48():454-461.

Gayzik FS, Moreno DP, Danelson KA, McNally C, Klinich KD, Stitzel JD. External landmark, body surface, and volume data of a mid-sized male in seated and standing postures. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012;40(9):2019-2032.

Pilson H, Brown P, Stitzel J, Scott A. Single-row versus double-row repair of the distal achilles tendon: a biomechanical comparison. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2012;51(6):762-766.

Becher RD, Colonna AL, Enniss TM, Weaver AA, Crane DK, Martin RS, Mowery NT, Miller PR, Stitzel JD, Hoth JJ. An innovative approach to predict the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome in patients with blunt trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012;73(5):1229-1235.

Urban JE, Whitlow CT, Edgerton CA, Powers AK, Maldjian JA, Stitzel JD. Motor vehicle crash-related subdural hematoma from real-world head impact data. J Neurotrauma. 2012;29(18):2774-2781.

Ladd MR, Lee SJ, Stitzel JD, Atala A, Yoo JJ. Co-electrospun dual scaffolding system with potential for muscle-tendon junction tissue engineering. Biomaterials. 2011;32(6):1549-1559.

Danelson KA, Bolte JH, Stitzel JD. Assessing astronaut injury potential from suit connectors using a human body finite element model. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2011;82(2):79-86.

Weaver AA, Kennedy EA, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. Evaluation of different projectiles in matched experimental eye impact simulations. J Biomech Eng. 2011;133(3):031002.

Duma SM, Kemper AR, Stitzel JD, McNally C, Kennedy EA, Matsuoka F. Rib fracture timing in dynamic belt tests with human cadavers. Clin Anat. 2011;24(3):327-338.

Loftis KL, Moreno DP, Tan J, Gabler HC, Stitzel JD. Utilizing computed tomography scans for analysis of motorcycle helmets in real-world crashes--biomed 2011. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2011;47():234-239.

Loftis KL, Pranikoff T, Anthony EY, Meredith JW, Martin RS, Stitzel JD. Pediatric occupants, restraint use, and injuries in motor vehicle crashes--biomed 2011. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2011;47():94-99.

Thompson AB, Rhyne AC, Moreno DP, Gayzik FS, Stitzel JD. Methods for validation of the mass distribution of a full body finite element model--biomed 2011. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2011;47():100-105.

Urban JE, Weaver AA, Theivendran K, Stitzel JD. Acetabular rim profile measurement in femoroacetabular impingement patients--biomed 2011. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2011;47():118-123.

Weaver AA, Moody EA, Armstrong EG, Stitzel JD. Image segmentation and registration algorithm to collect homologous landmarks for age-related thoracic morphometric analysis--biomed 2011. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2011;47():70-75.

Schneider LW, Rupp JD, Scarboro M, Pintar F, Arbogast KB, Rudd RW, Sochor MR, Stitzel J, Sherwood C, MacWilliams JB, et al. BioTab--a new method for analyzing and documenting injury causation in motor-vehicle crashes. Traffic Inj Prev. 2011;12(3):256-265.

Weaver AA, Loftis KL, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. Biomechanical modeling of eye trauma for different orbit anthropometries. J Biomech. 2011;44(7):1296-1303.

Mannava S, Wiggins WF, Saul KR, Stitzel JD, Smith BP, Koman LA, Smith TL, Tuohy CJ. Contributions of neural tone to in vivo passive muscle-tendon unit biomechanical properties in a rat rotator cuff animal model. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011;39(7):1914-1924.

Gayzik FS, Hoth JJ, Stitzel JD. Finite element-based injury metrics for pulmonary contusion via concurrent model optimization. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2011;10(4):505-520.

Kemper AR, Kennedy EA, McNally C, Manoogian SJ, Stitzel JD, Duma SM. Reducing chest injuries in automobile collisions: rib fracture timing and implications for thoracic injury criteria. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011;39(8):2141-2151.

Danelson KA, Chiles C, Thompson AB, Donadino K, Weaver AA, Stitzel JD. Correlating the extent of pulmonary contusion to vehicle crash parameters in near-side impacts. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2011;55():217-230.

Danelson KA, Gayzik FS, Stern AR, Hoth JJ, Stitzel JD. Design, development, and analysis of a surrogate for pulmonary injury prediction. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011;39(10):2560-2567.

Gayzik FS, Moreno DP, Geer CP, Wuertzer SD, Martin RS, Stitzel JD. Development of a full body CAD dataset for computational modeling: a multi-modality approach. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011;39(10):2568-2583.

Loftis KL, Weaver AA, Stitzel JD. Investigating the effects of side airbag deployment in real-world crashes using crash comparison techniques. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2011;55():81-90.

Brown PJ, Tan H, Stitzel JD. Displacement control device for dynamic tissue deformation in MRI--biomed 2010. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2010;46():99-104.

Urban JE, Loftis KL, Stitzel JD. Investigating injury mechanism and occupant BMI for malleolar fractures in frontal motor vehicle collisions--biomed 2010. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2010;46():320-325.

Weaver AA, Loftis KL, Tan JC, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. CT based three-dimensional measurement of orbit and eye anthropometry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51(10):4892-4897.

Kemper AR, Santago AC, Stitzel JD, Sparks JL, Duma SM. Biomechanical response of human liver in tensile loading. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2010;54():15-26.

Stitzel JD, Kilgo PD, Weaver AA, Martin RS, Loftis KL, Meredith JW. Age thresholds for increased mortality of predominant crash induced thoracic injuries. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2010;54():41-50.

Gayzik FS, Martin RS, Gabler HC, Hoth JJ, Duma SM, Meredith JW, Stitzel JD. Characterization of crash-induced thoracic loading resulting in pulmonary contusion. J Trauma. 2009;66(3):840-849.

Danelson KA, Gordon ES, David LR, Stitzel JD. Using a three dimensional model of the pediatric skull for pre-operative planning in the treatment of craniosynostosis--biomed 2009. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2009;45():358-363.

Loftis K, Martin RS, Meredith JW, Stitzel J. Investigating methods for determining mismatch in near side vehicle impacts--biomed 2009. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2009;45():256-261.

Paolini BM, Danelson KA, Geer CP, Stitzel JD. Pediatric head injury prediction: investigating the distance between the skull and the brain using medical imaging--biomed 2009. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2009;45():161-166.

Taylor LA, Danelson KA, Gayzik FS, Loftis KL, Stitzel JD. Physical model reproduction from CT scans classified according to gender, ethnicity, and age--biomed 2009. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2009;45():370-375.

Weaver AA, Gayzik FS, Stitzel JD. Biomechanical analysis of pulmonary contusion in motor vehicle crash victims: a crash injury research and engineering network (ciren) study--biomed 2009. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2009;45():364-369.

Weaver AA, Gilmartin TD, Anz AW, Stubbs AJ, Stitzel JD. A method to measure acetabular metrics from three dimensional computed tomography pelvis reconstructions--biomed 2009. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2009;45():155-160.

Kemper AR, Stitzel JD, McNally C, Gabler HC, Duma SM. Biomechanical response of the human clavicle: the effects of loading direction on bending properties. J Appl Biomech. 2009;25(2):165-174.

Atala A, Yoo J, Lim G, Czerw R, Soker S, Stitzel J, inventors; Wake Forest University Health Sciences, assignee. Cell scaffold matrices with incorporated therapeutic agents. United States patent US 7,531,503. 2009 May 12. 2009;():.

Danelson KA, Gayzik FS, Yu MM, Martin RS, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. Bilateral carotid artery injury response in side impact using a vessel model integrated with a human body model. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2009;53():271-279.

Yu M, Manoogian S, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. Finite element modeling of human placental tissue. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2009;53():257-270.

Moon DG, Christ G, Stitzel JD, Atala A, Yoo JJ. Cyclic mechanical preconditioning improves engineered muscle contraction. Tissue Eng Part A. 2008;14(4):473-482.

Gayzik FS, Yu MM, Danelson KA, Slice DE, Stitzel JD. Quantification of age-related shape change of the human rib cage through geometric morphometrics. J Biomech. 2008;41(7):1545-1554.

Daly M, Miller PR, Carr JJ, Gayzik FS, Hoth JJ, Meredith JW, Stitzel JD. Traumatic pulmonary pathology measured with computed tomography and a semiautomated analytic method. Clin Imaging. 2008;32(5):346-354.

Stitzel JD, Kilgo PD, Danelson KA, Geer CP, Pranikoff T, Meredith JW. Age thresholds for increased mortality of three predominant crash induced head injuries. Ann Adv Automot Med. 2008;52():235-244.

Danelson KA, Geer CP, Stitzel JD, Slice DE, Takhounts EG. Age and gender based biomechanical shape and size analysis of the pediatric brain. Stapp Car Crash J. 2008;52():59-81.

Manoogian SJ, McNally C, Stitzel JD, Duma SM. Dynamic biaxial tissue properties of pregnant porcine uterine tissue. Stapp Car Crash J. 2008;52():167-185.

Danelson KA, Stitzel JD. Volumetric splenic injury measurement in CT scans for comparison with injury score. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2008;44():159-164.

Danelson KA, Yu M, Gayzik FS, Geer CP, Slice DE, Stitzel JD. Geometric scaling factors for the pediatric brainstem. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2008;44():153-158.

Gayzik FS, Hoth JJ, Stitzel JD. Quantitative histology of contused lung tissue with comparison to computed tomography. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2008;44():225-230.

Loftis K, Halsey M, Anthony E, Duma SM, Stitzel J. Pregnant female anthropometry from CT scans for finite element model development. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2008;44():355-360.

Yu MM, Danelson KA, Stitzel JD. Categorical similarity comparison of ciren and nass. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2008;44():304-309.

Daly M, Carr JJ, Stitzel JD. Method for identifying calcified plaque in contrast enhanced computed tomography. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2007;43():366-371.

Danelson KA, Hoth JJ, Miller PR, Stitzel JD. A semi-automated approach for measuring splenic injury using computed tomography. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2007;43():13-17.

Gayzik FS, Hoth JJ, Stitzel JD. A comparative study of optimization techniques for tuning a finite element model of the lung to biomechanical data. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2007;43():212-217.

Lambert CC, Gayzik FS, Stitzel JD. Characterization of the carotid and adjacent anatomy using non-contrast CT for biomechanical model development. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2007;43():330-335.

Loftis KL, Geer CP, Danelson KA, Slice DE, Stitzel JD. Analysis of pediatric head anthropometry using computed tomography for application to head injury prediction. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2007;43():86-90.

Moon DG, Christ GJ, Stitzel J, Yoo JJ, Atala A. Tissue bioreactor system for the creation and maturation of organized functional tissues for surgical reconstruction [abstract]. J Urol. 2007;177(4 Suppl):58-59.

Moon DG, Tillman B, Christ G, Stitzel J, Yoo J, Atala A. Tissue bioreactor system for the creation and maturation of organized functional tissues for surgical reconstruction [abstract]. J Am Coll Surg. 2007;205(3 Suppl):S104.

Lee SJ, Yoo JJ, Lim GJ, Atala A, Stitzel J. In vitro evaluation of electrospun nanofiber scaffolds for vascular graft application. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2007;83(4):999-1008.

Stitzel JD, Kilgo P, Schmotzer B, Gabler HC, Meredith JW. A population-based comparison of CIREN and NASS cases using similarity scoring. Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med. 2007;51():395-417.

Gayzik FS, Hoth JJ, Daly M, Meredith JW, Stitzel JD. A finite element-based injury metric for pulmonary contusion: investigation of candidate metrics through correlation with computed tomography. Stapp Car Crash J. 2007;51():189-209.

Cormier JM, Stitzel JD, Hurst WJ, Porta DJ, Jones J, Duma SM. Predicting zygoma fractures from baseball impact. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():142-147.

Daly M, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. Retrospective identification of subject anthropometry using computed tomography of the leg. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():114-119.

Duma S, Stitzel J, Kemper A, McNally C, Kennedy E, Brolinson G, Matsuoka F. Acquiring non-censored rib fracture data during dynamic belt loading. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():148-153.

Duma SM, Moorcroft DM, Stitzel JD, Duma GG. Biomechanical modeling of pregnant occupants in far-side vehicle crashes. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():154-159.

Gayzik FS, Loftis KL, Slice DE, Stitzel JD. A finite element study of age-based size and shape variation of the human rib cage. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():19-24.

Gayzik FS, Tan JC, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. Mesh development for a finite element model of the carotid artery. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():187-192.

Kemper A, Stitzel J, Gabler C, Duma S, Matsuoka F. Biomechanical response of the human clavicle subjected to dynamic bending. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():231-236.

Kennedy EA, Bonivtch AR, Manoogian SJ, Stitzel JD, Herring IP, Duma SM. The effects of extraocular muscles on static displacements of the human eye. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2006;42():372-377.

Hoth JJ, Stitzel JD, Gayzik FS, Brownlee NA, Miller PR, Yoza BK, McCall CE, Meredith JW, Payne RM. The pathogenesis of pulmonary contusion: an open chest model in the rat. J Trauma. 2006;61(1):32-45.

Stitzel J, Duma S. Proper material properties are required for the finite element method [reply to letter]. Arch Ophthalmol. 2006;124(7):1065-1066.

Duma SM, Moorcroft DM, Gabler HC, Manoogian SM, Stitzel JD, Duma GG. Analysis of pregnant occupant crash exposure and the potential effectiveness of four-point seatbelts in far side crashes. Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med. 2006;50():187-198.

Gayzik FS, Bostrom O, Ortenwall P, Duma SM, Stitzel JD. An experimental and computational study of blunt carotid artery injury. Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med. 2006;50():13-32.

Kennedy EA, Ng TP, McNally C, Stitzel JD, Duma SM. Risk functions for human and porcine eye rupture based on projectile characteristics of blunt objects. Stapp Car Crash J. 2006;50():651-671.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Professor, Biomedical Engineering

Clinical Specialties

Pediatric Trauma, Trauma/Critical Care, Radiology, Orthopaedics

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