Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.


Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-2886 | Department: 336-716-2011


Media Medical Expert »

Education & Training

  • B.A., College of Idaho, 1983
  • Dr.P.H., Loma Linda University, 1989
  • M.P.H., Loma Linda University, 1989
Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.

Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.

Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

Research Interests

cancer/oncogenesis, diabetes, education/training (all f, t,, epidemiology, fitness/physical, health services, research/outc, metabolism, nutrition, obesity, prevention

Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-2886 | Department: 336-716-2011


Media Medical Expert »

Recent Publications

Gong Z, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Rohan TE, Chen C, Vitolins MZ, Tinker LF, LeBlanc ES, Kuller LH, Hou L, LaMonte MJ, Luo J, Wactawski-Wende J. Diabetes, metformin and incidence of and death from invasive cancer in postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Int J Cancer. 2016;138(8):1915-1927.

Washington DL, Gray K, Hoerster KD, Katon JG, Cochrane BB, LaMonte MJ, Weitlauf JC, Groessl E, Bastian L, Vitolins MZ, Tinker L. Trajectories in physical activity and sedentary time among women Veterans in the Women's Health Initiative. Gerontologist. 2016;56(Suppl 1):S27-S39.

Zaslavsky O, Rillamas-Sun E, LaCroix AZ, Woods NF, Tinker LF, Zisberg A, Shadmi E, Cochrane B, Edward BJ, Kritchevsky S, Stefanick ML, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Zelber-Sagi S. Association between anthropometric measures and long-term survival in frail older women: observations from the Women's Health Initiative Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016;64(2):277-284.

Weaver KE, Leach CR, Leng X, Danhauer SC, Klepin HD, Vaughan L, Naughton M, Chlebowski RT, Vitolins MZ, Paskett E. Physical functioning among women 80 years of age and older with and without a cancer history. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(Suppl 1):S23-S30.

Thomson CA, Garcia DO, Wertheim BC, Hingle MD, Bea JW, Zaslavsky O, Caire-Juvera G, Rohan T, Vitolins MZ, Thompson PA, Lewis CE. Body shape, adiposity index, and mortality in postmenopausal women: findings from the Women's Health Initiative. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016;24(5):1061-1069.

Tabung FK, Steck SE, Liese AD, Zhang J, Ma Y, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Freudenheim JL, Hou L, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Shivappa N, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Ockene JK, Hebert JR. Association between dietary inflammatory potential and breast cancer incidence and death: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Br J Cancer. 2016;114(11):1277-1285.

Pitts R, Garcia K, Ribisl P, Vitolins M, Cheskin L, Glasser S, Balasubramanyam A, Pownall HJ, Wagenknecht L, Eckel R. Triglyceride levels and its relationship with hemoglobin A1C in patients with diabetes [abstract]. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016;67(13 Suppl):2020.

Beavers KM, Case LD, Blackwell CS, Katula JA, Goff DC Jr, Vitolins MZ. Effects of weight regain following intentional weight loss on glucoregulatory function in overweight and obese adults with pre-diabetes. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2015;9(3):266-273.

Jung SY, Vitolins MZ, Paskett ED, Chang S. Exogenous estrogen as mediator of racial differences in bioactive insulin-like growth factor-I levels among postmenopausal women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015;70(4):495-502.

Crandall CJ, Aragaki A, Cauley JA, Manson JE, LeBlanc E, Wallace R, Wactawski-Wende J, LaCroix A, O'Sullivan MJ, Vitolins M, Watts NB. Associations of menopausal vasomotor symptoms with fracture incidence. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015;100(2):524-534.

Beavers KM, Gordon MM, Easter L, Beavers DP, Hairston KG, Nicklas BJ, Vitolins MZ. Effect of protein source during weight loss on body composition, cardiometabolic risk and physical performance in abdominally obese, older adults: a pilot feeding study. J Nutr Health Aging. 2015;19(1):87-95.

Jung SY, Vitolins MZ, Fenton J, Frazier-Wood AC, Hursting SD, Chang S. Risk profiles for weight gain among postmenopausal women: a classification and regression tree analysis approach. PLoS One. 2015;10(3):e0121430.

Gesell SB, Katula JA, Strickland C, Vitolins MZ. Feasibility and initial efficacy evaluation of a community-based cognitive-behavioral lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy in Latina women. Matern Child Health J. 2015;19(8):1842-1852.

Vyas A, Rubenstein L, Robinson J, Seguin RA, Vitolins MZ, Kazlauskaite R, Shikany JM, Johnson KC, Snetselaar L, Wallace R. Diet drink consumption and the risk of cardiovascular events: a report from the Women's Health Initiative. J Gen Intern Med. 2015;30(4):462-468.

Raynor HA, Anderson AM, Miller GD, Reeves R, Delahanty LM, Vitolins MZ, Harper P, Mobley C, Konersman K, Mayer-Davis E. Partial meal replacement plan and quality of the diet at 1 year: Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2015;115(5):731-742.

Vitolins MZ, Berg A, Deibert P, Konig D, Blackwell CS. A review of nutrition and physical activity interventions in adults 65 and older with type 2 diabetes. Curr Nutr Rep. 2015;4(2):156-163.

Schmiegelow MD, Hedlin H, Mackey RH, Martin LW, Vitolins MZ, Stefanick ML, Perez MV, Allison M, Hlatky MA. Race and ethnicity, obesity, metabolic health, and risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4(5):e001695.

Neuhouser ML, Cheng TY, Beresford SA, Brown E, Song X, Miller JW, Zheng Y, Thomson CA, Shikany JM, Vitolins MZ, Rohan T, Green R, Ulrich CM. Red blood cell folate and plasma folate are not associated with risk of incident colorectal cancer in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Int J Cancer. 2015;137(4):930-939.

Cheung KL, Stefanick ML, Allison MA, LeBlanc ES, Vitolins MZ, Shara N, Chertow GM, Winkelmayer WC, Tamura MK. Menopausal symptoms in women with chronic kidney disease. Menopause. 2015;22(9):1006-1011.

Koohkan S, Baer M, Vitolins M, Konig D, Bisse E, Berg A. Influence of soy protein intake on blood isoflavone levels, thyroid and sex hormone concentrations in women [abstract]. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2015;123(3):.

Pedley CF, Blackwell C, Case D, Katula JA, Vitolins MZ, Goff DC. Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP PD): a randomized controlled trial to prevent diabetes through diet and exercise: 2 year effects on the metabolic syndrome [abstract]. J Gen Intern Med. 2015;30(Suppl 2):S173.

Tabung F, Steck S, Liese A, Zhang JJ, Ma YS, Caan B, Chlebowski R, Freudenheim J, Hou LF, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Shivappa N, Vitolins M, Wactawski-Wende J, Ockene J, Hebert J. Association between dietary inflammatory potential and breast cancer incidence and mortality: results from the Women's Health Initiative [abstract]. FASEB J. 2015;29(Suppl 1):260.5.

Crandall CJ, Hohensee C, Horvath S, Manson JE, LeBlanc E, Vitolins M, Nassir R, Wactawski-Wende J, Sinsheimer J. Genome-wide association study of hot flashes in the Women's Health Initiative Study [abstract]. Menopause. 2015;22(12):1371.

Katula JA, Dotson H, Vitolins MZ, Blackwell C, Isom S, Case D, Goff D Jr.. The effect of a community-based diabetes prevention program on self-efficacy [abstract]. Ann Behav Med. 2015;49(Suppl 1):S84.

Thomson CA, McCullough ML, Wertheim BC, Chlebowski RT, Martinez ME, Stefanick ML, Rohan TE, Manson JE, Tindle HA, Ockene J, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Sarto GE, Lane DS, Neuhouser ML. Nutrition and physical activity cancer prevention guidelines, cancer risk, and mortality in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Prev Res (Phila Pa). 2014;7(1):42-53.

Llanos AA, Peng J, Pennell ML, Krok JL, Vitolins MZ, Degraffinreid CR, Paskett ED. Effects of tomato and soy on serum adipokine concentrations in postmenopausal women at increased breast cancer risk: a cross-over dietary intervention trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014;99(2):625-632.

Fitzpatrick SL, Jeffery R, Johnson KC, Roche CC, Van Dorsten B, Gee M, Dotson K, Walkup MP, Espeland MA, Bahnson JL, Wagenknecht LE, Reboussin D, Rejeski WJ, Bertoni AG, Lang W, Lawlor MS, Lefkowitz D, Miller GD, Reynolds PS, Ribisl PM,. Baseline predictors of missed visits in the Look AHEAD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014;22(1):131-140.

Rillamas-Sun E, LaCroix AZ, Waring ME, Kroenke CH, LaMonte MJ, Vitolins MZ, Seguin R, Bell CL, Gass M, Manini TM, Masaki KH, Wallace RB. Obesity and late-age survival without major disease or disability in older women. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(1):98-106.

Khan UI, Ogorodnikova AD, Xu L, Wang D, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Ho GY, Sowers MF, Rajpathak SN, Allison MA, Mackey RH, Vitolins MZ, Manson JE, Wildman RP. The adipokine profile of metabolically benign obese and at-risk normal weight postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014;22(3):786-794.

Koohkan S, Schaffner D, Milliron BJ, Frey I, Konig D, Deibert P, Vitolins M, Berg A. The impact of a weight reduction program with and without meal-replacement on health related quality of life in middle-aged obese females. BMC Womens Health. 2014;14():45.

Manson JE, Chlebowski RT, Stefanick ML, Aragaki AK, Rossouw JE, Prentice RL, Anderson G, Howard BV, Thomson CA, LaCroix AZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Jackson RD, Limacher M, Margolis KL, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Beresford SA,. Menopausal hormone therapy and health outcomes during the intervention and extended poststopping phases of the Women's Health Initiative randomized trials [editorial comment]. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2014;69(2):83-85.

Beavers KM, Gordon M, Beavers D, Hairston K, Nicklas B, Kritchevsky S, Vitolins M. Relationship between change in body composition and physical function in abdominally obese, older adults undergoing 12-weeks of caloric restriction [abstract]. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014;62(Suppl 1):S20.

Llanos AA, Krok JL, Peng J, Pennell ML, Olivo-Marston S, Vitolins MZ, Degraffinreid CR, Paskett ED. Favorable effects of low-fat and low-carbohydrate dietary patterns on serum leptin, but not adiponectin, among overweight and obese premenopausal women: a randomized trial. Springerplus. 2014;3():175.

Zhou Y, Chlebowski R, LaMonte MJ, Bea JW, Qi L, Wallace R, Lavasani S, Walsh BW, Anderson G, Vitolins M, Sarto G, Irwin ML. Body mass index, physical activity, and mortality in women diagnosed with ovarian cancer: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Gynecol Oncol. 2014;133(1):4-10.

Llanos AA, Krok JL, Peng J, Pennell ML, Vitolins MZ, Degraffinreid CR, Paskett ED. Effects of a walking intervention using mobile technology and interactive voice response on serum adipokines among postmenopausal women at increased breast cancer risk. Horm Cancer. 2014;5(2):98-103.

Schnatz PF, Jiang X, Vila-Wright S, Aragaki AK, Nudy M, O'Sullivan DM, Jackson R, Leblanc E, Robinson JG, Shikany JM, Womack CR, Martin LW, Neuhouser ML, Vitolins MZ, Song Y, Kritchevsky S, Manson JE. Calcium/vitamin D supplementation, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations, and cholesterol profiles in the Women's Health Initiative calcium/vitamin D randomized trial. Menopause. 2014;21(8):823-833.

George SM, Ballard-Barbash R, Shikany JM, Caan BJ, Freudenheim JL, Kroenke CH, Vitolins MZ, Beresford SA, Neuhouser ML. Better postdiagnosis diet quality is associated with reduced risk of death among postmenopausal women with invasive breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014;23(4):575-583.

Jung SY, Hursting SD, Guindani M, Vitolins MZ, Paskett E, Chang S. Bioavailable insulin-like growth factor-I inversely related to weight gain in postmenopausal women regardless of exogenous estrogen. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014;23(3):534-544.

Katula JA, Vitolins M, Isom S, Blackwell C, Griffith E, Lawlor M, Goff D. Predictors of attendance to A community-based diabetes prevention program: healthy living partnerships to prevent diabetes (HELP PD) [abstract]. Ann Behav Med. 2014;47(Suppl 1):S88.

Milliron BJ, Vitolins MZ, Tooze JA. Usual dietary intake among female breast cancer survivors is not significantly different from women with no cancer history: results of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014;114(6):932-937.

Vitolins MZ, Milliron BJ, Hopkins JO, Fulmer A, Lawrence J, Melin S, Case D. Weight loss intervention in survivors of ER/PR-negative breast cancer. Clin Med Insights Womens Health. 2014;7():17-24.

Datta M, Vitolins MZ. Food fortification and supplement use - are there health implications?. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2014;():.

Goff DC Jr, Katula JA, Blackwell CS, Isom SP, Pedley CF, Vitolins MZ. Comment on Kahn and Davidson. The reality of type 2 diabetes prevention [letter]. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(8):e185-e186.

Raffield LM, Agarwal S, Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Xu J, Bowden DW, Vitolins MZ. Cross-sectional analysis of calcium intake for associations with vascular calcification and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes from the Diabetes Heart Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(4):1029-1035.

Rautaharju PM, Zhang ZM, Vitolins M, Perez M, Allison MA, Greenland P, Soliman EZ. Electrocardiographic repolarization-related variables as predictors of coronary heart disease death in the Women's Health Initiative study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014;3(4):e001005.

Brasky TM, Liu J, White E, Peters U, Potter JD, Walter RB, Baik CS, Lane DS, Manson JE, Vitolins MZ, Allison MA, Tang JY, Wactawski-Wende J. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cancer risk in women: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Int J Cancer. 2014;135(8):1869-1883.

Foraker RE, Pennell M, Sprangers P, Vitolins MZ, DeGraffinreid C, Paskett ED. Effect of a low-fat or low-carbohydrate weight-loss diet on markers of cardiovascular risk among premenopausal women: a randomized trial. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2014;23(8):675-680.

Jackson JM, DeFor TA, Crain AL, Kerby TJ, Strayer LS, Lewis CE, Whitlock EP, Williams SB, Vitolins MZ, Rodabough RJ, Larson JC, Habermann EB, Margolis KL. Validity of diabetes self-reports in the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2014;21(8):861-868.

Miller GD, Isom S, Morgan TM, Vitolins MZ, Blackwell C, Brosnihan KB, Diz DI, Katula J, Goff D. Effects of a community-based weight loss intervention on adipose tissue circulating factors. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2014;8(4):205-211.

Thomson CA, Horn LV, Caan BJ, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Rohan TE, Tinker LF, Kuller LH, Hou L, Lane DS, Johnson KC, Vitolins MZ, Prentice RL. Cancer incidence and mortality during the intervention and postintervention periods of the Women's Health Initiative dietary modification trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014;23(12):2924-2935.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.

Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.

Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention

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