most commonly begins in
childhood (between ages 6 and 12).1 Common nearsightedness (physiological
myopia) affects about 1 out of 4 adults.2
nearsightedness, called high myopia (error of 6
diopters or more), affects about 1 out of 6 people who are
is not common. The gradual damage to the retina caused by pathological myopia
seldom appears before age 20.
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2007).
Refractive Errors and Refractive Surgery (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Also
Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group (2004). The
prevalence of refractive errors among adults in the United States, western
Europe, and Australia. Archives of Ophthalmology,
June 24, 2011
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
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