A cystocele is a type of pelvic organ prolapse that occurs when
the tissues and muscles that hold the bladder in place are stretched or
weakened. This can cause the bladder to move from its normal position and
press against the wall of the vagina, forming a bulge.
prolapse may develop if a woman's pelvic muscles become damaged by pregnancy,
labor, childbirth, or a previous pelvic surgery or are weakened by aging. In
rare cases, a cystocele can be present at birth (congenital).
cystocele may be associated with leaking of urine (incontinence), especially
during coughing, laughing, or jumping. Or it may cause difficulty emptying the
bladder, which may progress to a bladder infection (cystitis).
Exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, called Kegel exercises,
may help relieve some symptoms of a cystocele. A doctor may recommend use of a
pessary, an instrument placed in the vagina to support the uterus. In severe
cases, surgery may be needed.
October 9, 2012
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
We are happy to take your appointment request over the phone, or, you may fill out an online request form.
Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.