Diabetes is a condition in which sugar (glucose) remains
in the blood rather than entering the body's cells to be used for energy. This
results in high blood sugar. Over time, high blood sugar can damage many
Symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and frequent
urination (especially at night); unexplained increase in appetite; unexplained
weight loss; fatigue; erection problems; blurred vision; and tingling, burning,
or numbness in the hands or feet.
People who have high blood sugar over a long period of time are at increased risk for many serious
health problems, including hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and
heart problems, eye problems that can lead to blindness, circulation and nerve
problems, and kidney disease and kidney failure.
Women with diabetes and high blood sugar who become pregnant have an increased risk of
miscarriage and birth defects.
Diabetes is treated with diet and lifestyle changes and with
medicines. If blood sugar levels are
kept within the recommended range, the risk for many complications from
July 16, 2013
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
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