Anemia is a shortage of red blood cells. Since red blood cells carry
oxygen throughout the body, anemia can deprive the body of needed oxygen. Low
oxygen levels (oxygenation) in a premature infant can lead to medical
complications or make complications worse.
Common causes of anemia in premature infants include:
Mild anemia may not require treatment. More severe anemia is treated
with blood transfusions or with a medicine (erythropoietin) that improves the
body's ability to produce red blood cells.
March 30, 2012
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
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