Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disease that
replaces normal kidney tissue with fluid-filled cysts. As a result, over a 30-
to 40-year period, the kidney stops working.
While most cases of PKD are passed down through families, it may
also develop from chronic kidney disease and occurs most often in people with
kidney failure who have been on dialysis for a long time.
Symptoms of polycystic kidney disease include back and side pain,
headache, urinary tract infections, and blood in the urine (hematuria).
There is no cure for PKD. Treatment includes antibiotics;
medicines and surgery to control pain; and dialysis or kidney transplant to
treat kidney failure.
September 15, 2011
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Mitchell H. Rosner, MD - Nephrology
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