Aortic valve replacement surgery may be done as an open-heart
surgery or as a less invasive surgery (where the surgeon makes smaller
incisions and does not open the chest). This slideshow shows the surgery as an
To replace the damaged aortic valve, the surgeon first
makes an incision in the chest and cuts through the breastbone
Then, the surgeon opens the chest with a retractor to expose
the heart. The surgeon opens the lining that protects the heart
Next, the surgeon removes the damaged aortic
Finally, the surgeon inserts the artificial valve into the
aorta. The artificial valve (also called a prosthetic valve) may be either
mechanical or made of human or animal (pig) tissue. The surgeon sews the valve
to the annulus, which is a ring of tissue that connects to the leaflets of the
November 2, 2011
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology & John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology
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