causes symptoms of sneezing, congestion, and a runny nose. But
you can control these symptoms with medicine and by avoiding the things that
cause them (allergens). If you are allergic to outdoor allergens,
such as pollen and mold, you don't have to give up an outdoor life. You just
need to know when and how to take precautions.
By taking these
precautions, you may have fewer or less severe symptoms.
To avoid allergens, you need to
know what you are allergic to. If you are allergic to outdoor pollens, you may
have symptoms only at certain times of the year. If you have symptoms
Always talk to your doctor about your symptoms. He or she
can help you find out what allergens are causing them and where and when they
are likely to be worse. When you know this, you can find ways to avoid the
For example, you may be allergic to a type of pollen
that is present in a certain season or at a certain time of day. You can then
decide when and how to avoid contact with these allergens while outdoors and
how to prevent them from entering your home.
To avoid allergens, you need to:
To be successful at avoiding outdoor allergens,
you need to work with your doctor to find out what you are allergic to, such as
grass or tree pollen or molds. You need to know when and where you are likely
to have contact with them, so that you know when to take steps to avoid
Continue to Why?
By avoiding or
reducing your contact with outdoor allergens, you may be able to:
You should try to avoid outdoor allergens
Controlling allergens and reducing your contact
with them can help reduce your allergy symptoms. This may make it easier for
you to manage your symptoms without medicine or with fewer medicines.
Continue to How?
The following steps can help you
avoid pollens. These tips can help you even if you don't know what type of
pollen you are allergic to. If you do know, you can fine-tune them for that
type of pollen.
Mold may cause allergies that get worse
in damp weather. Mold also produces spores that move around in outdoor air
during warmer months. To avoid contact with mold spores:
Which of the following are steps you can take to avoid
Watch local weather reports for pollen counts
in your area. The pollen count is usually highest around midday and throughout
Try to keep pollen from getting inside your
home. Keep the windows and doors closed, both during the day and at night. Use
air conditioning instead of opening windows.
While an antihistamine may help relieve your
allergy symptoms, it will not help you avoid contact with the pollens that
cause your allergy.
Which of the following is a good way to avoid
Mold produces spores that move through the air
and are more likely to be present on rainy or windy days. To avoid contact with
mold spores, try to stay inside on rainy or windy days.
Leaves, grass clippings, and compost provide a
place for molds to grow. By moving these items away from your home, you can
reduce the chances you will have contact with mold that is growing in
Continue to Where?
If you have questions, take this information with you when you visit your doctor. Your doctor
may have more ideas on how to avoid contact with outdoor allergens.
Return to topic:
June 17, 2013
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
& Rohit K Katial, MD - Allergy and Immunology
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