Blepharitis (say "bleh-fuh-RY-tus") is a skin problem that affects the eyelids and lashes. It may be caused by bacteria or by other skin conditions such as
dandruff, skin allergies, or eczema.
If you have blepharitis, you're also more
likely to get
If you have blepharitis:
In some cases, symptoms may be more severe.
doctor will look at your eyes, eyelids, and eyelashes with a lighted tool.
In many cases, regular washing of your eyelids, eyelashes, eyebrows, and hair can control blepharitis. To wash your eyelids:
You can also put a warm, wet washcloth over your eyes. If your eyes are dry, artificial tears may help.
You may need antibiotics to treat some types of blepharitis. For example, if you have eye pain or a lot of swelling and redness, you may need to see a doctor for treatment.
While your eyelids are healing, it may be a good idea to avoid wearing contact lenses or eye makeup.
Learning about blepharitis:
This website is provided by
the American Academy of Ophthalmology. It provides general information and
brochures on eye conditions and diseases and low-vision resources and
As part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the National Eye
Institute provides information on eye diseases and vision research.
Publications are available to the public at no charge. The Web site includes
links to various information resources.
Other Works Consulted
American Academy of Ophthalmology Corneal/External Disease Panel (2011). Blepharitis: Limited revision. Preferred Practice Pattern Guidelines. Available online: http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP_Content.aspx?cid=500cd9ca-173c-4c31-b6ea-a258e3549474.
American Optometric Association (2010). Care of the Patient With Ocular Surface Disorders. Optometric Clinical Practice Guideline. Available online: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=33585.
Lindsley K, et al. (2012). Interventions for chronic blepharitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5).
January 25, 2013
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
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