Health Encyclopedia > Health Topics

Carbohydrate Foods

Topic Overview

Foods containing carbohydrate are grouped into the following categories. The carbohydrate content is listed in grams (g). If you eat a larger portion, count it as more than one serving.

One serving of carbohydrate has 15 grams of carbohydrate. Of course, not all foods contain exactly 15 grams of carbohydrate. Typically if a food has 8 to 22 grams of carbohydrate, that is equal to 1 carbohydrate serving.

Bread, cereal, rice, pasta, beans, and starchy vegetables: 15 g of carbohydrate per serving (1 carbohydrate serving)

  • 1 slice bread (1 oz)
  • 1/4 bagel
  • 3/4 cup dry cereal
  • 1/2 cup cooked cereal
  • 1/3 cup cooked rice or pasta
  • 1/2 cup cooked dry beans, lentils, or peas
  • 1/2 cup cooked corn
  • 1/2 cup mashed potatoes

Vegetables: 5 g of carbohydrate per serving

  • 1 cup raw leafy vegetables
  • 1/2 cup other vegetables, cooked or chopped raw
  • 1/2 cup vegetable juice

Fruits: 15 g of carbohydrate per serving

  • 1 small apple or orange
  • 1/2 banana
  • 1/2 cup chopped, cooked, or canned fruit
  • 1/2 cup fruit juice
  • 1/4 cup dried fruit

Milk and yogurt: 15 g of carbohydrate per serving

These are also good sources of calcium.

  • 1 cup milk
  • 2/3 cup plain yogurt. (Food with added sugar will contain more carbohydrate, so check the label.)

Sweets

The carbohydrate content of sweets varies according to the ingredients. Talk with a registered dietitian about how to work these foods into your meal plan.

For a complete listing of foods containing carbohydrate, contact the American Diabetes Association.

Other Places To Get Help

Organization

American Diabetes Association (ADA)
1701 North Beauregard Street
Alexandria, VA  22311
Phone: 1-800-DIABETES (1-800-342-2383)
Email: AskADA@diabetes.org
Web Address: www.diabetes.org
 

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) is a national organization for health professionals and consumers. Almost every state has a local office. ADA sets the standards for the care of people with diabetes. Its focus is on research for the prevention and treatment of all types of diabetes. ADA provides patient and professional education mainly through its publications, which include the monthly magazine Diabetes Forecast, books, brochures, cookbooks and meal planning guides, and pamphlets. ADA also provides information for parents about caring for a child with diabetes.



References

Other Works Consulted

  • Warshaw H, Kulkarni K (2011). The Complete Guide to Carb Counting, 3rd ed. Alexandria, VA: American Diabetes Association.

Credits

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Rhonda O'Brien, MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator
Last Revised June 24, 2013

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