mineral supplement provides a variety of nutrients
that are also found in food. These supplements are often called multivitamins.
They come in the form of pills, chewable tablets, powders, and liquids.
A standard multivitamin usually contains:
Some multivitamins also contain other ingredients that
aren't vitamins or minerals. These include substances such as the
antioxidants lutein and lycopene.
The best way to get the
vitamins and minerals you need is by eating a wide variety of healthy foods. A
supplement can't make up for unhealthy eating habits. But sometimes even people
who have healthy eating habits find it hard to get all the fruits, vegetables,
and other healthy foods they need. A supplement can help fill in the
Certain people are more likely to need a supplement. They
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk and milk products, and seafood as part of a nutritious food plan. Many Americans do not eat enough of these foods that provide the important nutrients calcium and vitamin D, potassium, and other key vitamins and minerals.1
Many supplements are advertised as being
specially designed for men or for women or for certain age groups. A standard
multivitamin is usually all that a healthy adult needs. But some people prefer
to take a supplement that is made for their gender or age group.
Types of specialized supplements include:
When you think
about buying a dietary supplement, be sure to check the claims that the manufacturers
make. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate dietary
supplements in the same way that it regulates medicines. This means that
supplements can be sold without research on how well, or even if, they work.
Here are some things to consider:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S.
Department of Agriculture (2010). Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010, 7th ed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing
Office. Also available online:
Other Works Consulted
American Dietetic Association (ADA) (2009). Position of the American Dietetic Association: Nutrient supplementation. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(12): 2074–2085. Available online: http://www.eatright.org/WorkArea/linkit.aspx?LinkIdentifier=id&ItemID=8445.
Gallagher ML (2012). Intake: The nutrients and their metabolism. In LK Mahan et al., eds., Krause's Food and the Nutrition Care Process, 13th ed., pp. 32–128. St. Louis: Saunders.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2008). FDA 101: Dietary Supplements. Available online: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm050803.htm.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2009). Fortify Your Knowledge About Vitamins. Available online: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm118079.htm.
January 25, 2013
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Rhonda O'Brien, MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator
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