Shunt surgeries are designed to redirect the flow of blood or
abdominal fluid through other areas of the body. Shunts are rarely used because
of the complications they may cause. They are done only in medical centers where
the surgeon is experienced in doing the procedures.
Shunt surgery may be used for people:
Complications of shunt surgery may include changes in mental function
(encephalopathy). People who have large-diameter
portacaval shunts have a 30% to 40% rate of encephalopathy.1
Shah VH, Kamath PS (2010). Portal hypertension
and gastrointestinal bleeding. In M Feldman et al., eds., Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease,
9th ed., vol. 2, pp. 1489–1516. Philadelphia: Saunders.
January 17, 2012
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& W. Thomas London, MD - Hepatology
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