Previously there were two traditional classifications of juvenile
arthritis: the European classification of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) and
the American classification of
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Because these
classifications broke down into different categories, European and American
research findings and treatment recommendations were hard to use
In an effort to
improve research and treatment, the International League Against Rheumatism has
devised a unifying set of international criteria, using the term "juvenile
idiopathic arthritis" (JIA). The word "idiopathic" means "of unknown cause."
First proposed in 1995 and later revised in 1997, this classification is
now used by most researchers and health professionals.
The table below summarizes the three
JRA does not include similar types of childhood
arthritis (juvenile ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile psoriatic
Regardless of the classification, children who develop
symptoms before reaching 16 years of age are considered to have juvenile
June 5, 2012
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics
& John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
We are happy to take your appointment request over the phone, or, you may fill out an online request form.
Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.