To help your child with
diabetes have an easier time with school, you need to
know the issues your child could face and then plan how to help your child
succeed. Remember that your child's experience with diabetes is not the same as
another child's experience. A diabetes care plan will help teachers and school
staff understand what your child needs to successfully manage diabetes at
It's a good idea to meet with the school staff, including
the principal, teachers, coaches, bus driver, school nurse, and lunchroom
workers, before your child starts school and at the beginning of each school
year. Update the plan each year before school starts, and tell the school staff
about any changes to the plan.
care plan is a document that lists all the information that the school staff
needs to know to make sure your child's diabetes is under control. The goal of
a diabetes care plan for school is to meet your child's daily needs and prepare
ahead of time for any problems. The plan includes information on how to
Give the school staff the right supplies to care for your
Make sure the school staff knows how to use and store the
supplies you provide. Your child must be able to get to these supplies at all
times. You may also need to check the expiration date and replace supplies from
time to time. You can print out the following information to give to your
child's teacher and other school staff:
It's also a good idea to give the school staff some
general information about diabetes. This will help them understand the disease,
its symptoms, and the treatment. You can use the following for information
Your child's diabetes care plan should include
information about blood sugar testing.
Your child's diabetes care plan should include
details on when your child's blood sugar needs to be tested. For example, your
child may need his or her blood sugar tested before lunch. The diabetes care
plan should also say if an adult needs to test your child's blood sugar or if
your child can do it.
It's important for your child's teacher and other
school staff to know your child's symptoms of low or high blood
Your child's symptoms of low or high blood
sugar may be different from those of other children. Your child's teacher and
other school staff need to recognize your child's symptoms of low and high
blood sugar so they can treat it right away.
Continue to Why?
As a parent, you want to know that your child is safe when you aren't
with him or her. A diabetes care plan helps guide your child's teacher and
other school staff about how to care for your child with diabetes. The plan
will help your child keep his or her blood sugar under control so that he or
she can focus on school.
Children with diabetes want to fit in
with their classmates as much as possible. This includes taking part in class
parties, field trips, and assemblies. Planning for these special occasions in a
diabetes care plan lets your child take part in these activities and not be
Children with diabetes cannot take part in certain
school activities such as class parties, field trips, and assemblies.
Children with diabetes want to fit in with
their classmates as much as possible. Using a diabetes care plan lets your
child take part in school activities.
Continue to How?
A diabetes care plan will help your child's teachers and
other school staff know when and how to manage your child's diabetes. For
example, if your child needs to eat shortly after taking insulin or to have a
snack in class, then a teacher or other adult can make sure that this happens.
At the same time, the teacher will know not to make your child stand out as
"the kid with diabetes." Your child may also feel better knowing that his or
her teachers or other school staff can help when needed.
diabetes plan should also state that your child is allowed to:
A diabetes care plan can help your child's teachers
know when your child needs to eat or has low blood sugar.
A diabetes care plan will help your child's
teachers and other school staff know when and how to manage your child's
diabetes. This includes information on when your child needs to eat and his or
her symptoms of low blood sugar.
Continue to Where?
Now that you have read this
information, you are ready to make a diabetes care plan for school. You can
also see a sample medical management plan and diabetes care plan (called a 504
Plan) at the American Diabetes Association website www.diabetes.org.
out a diabetes care plan, and go over it with your child's doctor. He or she
may have ideas to include in the plan. If you have questions about this
information, print it out and take it with you. You may want to mark areas or
make notes in the margins where you have questions.
For more information on making a diabetes care plan for
school, visit the American Diabetes Association (ADA) website at
The American Association of Diabetes Educators is made
up of doctors, nurses, dietitians, and other health professionals with special
interest and training in diabetes care. The Web site can supply the names of
these types of health professionals in your local area.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) is a national organization
for health professionals and consumers. Almost every state has a local office.
ADA sets the standards for the care of people with diabetes. Its focus is on
research for the prevention and treatment of all types of diabetes. ADA
provides patient and professional education mainly through its publications,
which include the monthly magazine Diabetes Forecast,
books, brochures, cookbooks and meal planning guides, and pamphlets. ADA also
provides information for parents about caring for a child with diabetes.
The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International is dedicated to finding a cure for type 1 diabetes and its complications. The organization funds research on type 1 diabetes, including research on prevention and treatment. This
organization publishes a wide variety of booklets, magazines, and e-newsletters on complications and
treatments of type 1 diabetes.
The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) is
sponsored by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the U.S. Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The program's goal is to improve the
treatment of people who have diabetes, to promote early diagnosis, and to
prevent the development of diabetes. Information about the program can be found
on two Web sites: one managed by NIH (http://ndep.nih.gov) and the other by CDC
This clearinghouse provides information about research
and clinical trials supported by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This
service is provided by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and
Kidney Disease (NIDDK), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Return to topic:
Other Works Consulted
American Diabetes Association (2012). Diabetes care in the school and day care setting. Diabetes Care, 35(Suppl 1): S76–S80.
August 15, 2013
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
& Stephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology
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