Dry eye syndrome (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) occurs when the tear
glands do not make enough tears or when too many tears evaporate from the surface of your eye. This causes your eyes to feel itchy, scratchy,
and irritated. It is more common in older adults and in those with autoimmune
diseases, such as arthritis.
Wearing contact lenses may increase
your risk for dry eye syndrome. Dry eyes also may be caused by certain
medicines, such as antidepressants, antihistamines, and diuretics.
To help soothe your dry eyes, you can try an over-the-counter lubricant eye drop (artificial tears solution), such as Hypo Tears or Systane. Do not use eyedrops that reduce redness (such as
Opcon-A) to treat dry eyes. You can also try to blink a lot, limit your time in air-conditioned or heated rooms, and use a humidifier in rooms where you spend a lot of time.
If you've used artificial tears for a few days and they don't seem to be helping, call your doctor.
Excessive dryness can damage your eyes. And your doctor may recommend other treatments, including:
Other Works Consulted
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2011). Dry Eye Syndrome—Limited Revision (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Also available online: http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP.aspx.
American Optometric Association (2010). Care of the Patient With Ocular Surface Disorders. Optometric Clinical Practice Guideline. Available online: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=33585.
Drugs for some common eye disorders (2012). Treatment Guidelines From The Medical Letter, 10(123): 79–86.
Ervin AM, et al. (2010). Punctal occlusion for dry eye syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9).
January 25, 2013
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
We are happy to take your appointment request over the phone, or, you may fill out an online request form.
Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.