Heart valve disease is the term used for a number of conditions that
affect the four valves of the heart.
A heart valve disease happens when any of the heart's valves either cannot open well
enough to let blood flow through (stenosis) or cannot close well enough to
prevent backflow of the blood (regurgitation). Heart valve disease can affect
any of the four valves in different ways, including a combination of stenosis
These diseases include:
A heart valve disease affects how well blood flows through your heart.
Your heart is divided into two separate pumping systems—right and
Your heart has four separate chambers that pump blood—two on the
right side and two on the left side:
Blood travels through your heart and lungs in four steps. In each step, it must pass through a valve.
See a picture of the
heart and its chambers, valves, and blood flow.
November 29, 2011
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
& John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology
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