People who are infected with
hepatitis B virus (HBV) or
hepatitis C (HCV) virus may develop a chronic
infection that can lead to
cirrhosis. The damage that results increases the risk
of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma).
The risk of liver cancer
is greater for people who have
chronic HBV or HCV infection than for the general population.1
If you have chronic HBV infection:
If you have chronic HCV infection:
ultrasound of the liver, liver function tests, and
blood tests (including alpha-fetoprotein [AFP]) every 6 to 12 months is
recommended for people at risk of liver cancer.
Malet PF (2008). Chronic hepatitis. In DC
Dale, DD Federman, eds., ACP Medicine, section 4, chap.
8. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.
Dienstag JL (2010). Chronic viral hepatitis. In GL
Mandell et al., eds., Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th ed., vol. 1, pp.
1593–1670. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
October 29, 2012
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& W. Thomas London, MD - Hepatology
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