is present in the blood, semen, and vaginal fluids
of a person who is infected with HIV and is usually spread by:
You cannot get HIV through everyday contact with air, food, water,
insects, animals, dishes, or toilet seats.
The following preventive steps can eliminate your risk of getting HIV
from someone you are caring for.
If you are a caregiver for a person who is infected with HIV:
A person who is infected with HIV can sometimes have other infections
that may be contagious. The following steps can prevent the spread of other
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005).
Updated U.S. Public Health Services guidelines for the management of
occupational exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis.
MMWR, 50(RR-09): 1–17. Available online:
April 5, 2012
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
& Peter Shalit, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine
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