Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce fever and
inflammation and relieve pain. Examples of NSAIDs
include aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen.
Be sure to follow the
nonprescription medicine precautions. Always take
these medicines exactly as prescribed or according to the label.
The most common side effects of NSAIDs are stomach upset,
heartburn, and nausea. To help prevent these side effects, take NSAIDs with
food and a glass of water.
NSAIDs may delay healing. If you develop any of the following signs
of infection, stop taking the medication:
Talk to your doctor about whether NSAIDs are right for you. People
who are older than 65 or who have existing heart, stomach, kidney, liver, or
intestinal disease are at higher risk for problems. For other people, the
benefits may outweigh the risks.
Do not take NSAIDS if you have ever had an
allergic reaction to any type of pain medicine.
If you are pregnant, trying to become pregnant, or breast-feeding, talk to your doctor before you use NSAIDs. It is
especially important to avoid using NSAIDs during the last 3 months of
pregnancy unless your doctor tells you to. They can cause problems with the
baby or the delivery.
Talk to your doctor before taking NSAIDs if you have:
Talk to your doctor before using NSAIDs if you take:
Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20
because of the risk of
Reye syndrome, a rare but serious disease.
May 23, 2013
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
& David Messenger, MD
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