Experts debate whether all
pregnant women need to be tested for gestational diabetes.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has found
insufficient evidence to recommend screening women with no risk factors for
But the American Diabetes Association recommends that doctors screen women:2
Even though your gestational diabetes
will probably go away after your baby is born, you are at risk for gestational diabetes again and for type 2 diabetes later in life.
Up to 60 out of 100 women who develop
gestational diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes later in life.3
You may also have a follow-up glucose tolerance test 6 to 12 weeks after your
baby is born or after you stop breast-feeding your baby. If the results of this
test are normal, you will still need to be tested
for type 2 diabetes at
least every 3 years. If that test shows that your blood sugar is slightly high,
you may have a condition called
prediabetes. If you have prediabetes, you can help
prevent type 2 diabetes by changing the way you eat, exercising regularly, and
being tested for diabetes every year. For more information, see the topic
If you want to get pregnant again, you should be
tested for diabetes before you become pregnant and also early in your
For more information, see the topic Gestational
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2008). Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus. Available online: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsgdm.htm.
American Diabetes Association (2011). Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care, 34(Suppl 1): S62–S69.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf.
November 3, 2011
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
& Alan C. Dalkin, MD - Endocrinology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
We are happy to take your appointment request over the phone, or, you may fill out an online request form.
Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.