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Central Pain Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Central Pain Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • CPS

Disorder Subdivisions

  • central post-stroke pain
  • central post-stroke syndrome
  • Dejerine-Roussy syndrome (obsolete)
  • thalamic pain syndrome (obsolete)
  • thalamic syndrome (obsolete)

General Discussion

Summary

Central pain syndrome is a neurological disorder caused by damage to the central nervous system (CNS). Common symptoms include pain and loss of sensation, usually in the face, arms and/or legs. Pain is often constant and can be mild, moderate, or severe in intensity. Affected individuals may become hypersensitive to painful stimuli. The specific type of pain experience can vary from one individual to another based, in part, upon the underlying cause of the disorder and the area of the central nervous system affected. Central pain syndrome can potentially disrupt an individual's daily routine. In severe cases, the pain can be agonizing and unrelenting and dramatically affect a person's quality of life. Central pain syndrome can develop following a variety of conditions including stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, or brain tumors.



Introduction

For years, it was believed that the majority of cases of central pain syndrome were due to damage of the thalamus most often caused by a stroke. The disorder was frequently referred to as thalamic pain syndrome or Dejerine-Roussy syndrome after two French neurologists who reported on the disorder in the early 1900s. In fact, to some degree central pain became synonymous with thalamic pain syndrome for many years. However, researchers now know that damage to other areas of the CNS can cause central pain syndrome, including cases following a stroke. Consequently, the preferred name for this group of disorders is central pain syndrome to acknowledge that damage to various areas of the CNS (and not predominantly the thalamus) can cause central pain and that a stroke is not necessarily the primary cause. The preferred term for the specific subtype of central pain syndrome caused by CNS damage due to a stroke is central post-stroke pain.

Resources

American Chronic Pain Association

P.O. Box 850

Rocklin, CA 95677

USA

Tel: (916)632-0922

Fax: (916)652-8190

Tel: (800)533-3231

Email: ACPA@theacpa.org

Internet: http://www.theacpa.org



NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801

Bethesda, MD 20824

Tel: (301)496-5751

Fax: (301)402-2186

Tel: (800)352-9424

TDD: (301)468-5981

Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/



American Pain Society

4700 West Lake Avenue

Glenview, IL 60025

Tel: (847)375-4715

Fax: (866)574-2654

Email: info@ampainsoc.org

Internet: http://www.ampainsoc.org



Pain.com

c/o Dannemiller, Inc.

5711 Northwest Parkway

San Antonio, TX 78246

Tel: (210)641-8311

Fax: (210)641-8329

Email: editor@pain.com

Internet: http://www.pain.com



International Association for the Study of Pain

IASP Secretariat

1510 H Street NW

Suite 600

Washington, DC 20005-1020

Tel: (202)524-5300

Fax: (202)524-5301

Email: IASPdesk@iasp-pain.org

Internet: http://www.iasp-pain.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



Irish Chronic Pain Association

Coleraine House, Coleraine St.

Dublin, 7

Ireland

Tel: 35318047567

Fax: 35318047567

Email: info@chronicpain.ie

Internet: http://www.chronicpain.ie



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  6/21/2012

Copyright  1990, 2003, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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