thyroid gland uses iodine from food to make two
thyroid hormones: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). It also stores
these thyroid hormones and releases them as they are needed. The
hypothalamus and the
pituitary gland, which are located in the brain, help
control the thyroid gland. The hypothalamus releases thyrotropin-releasing
hormone (TRH), which stimulates the pituitary gland to release
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). When the hypothalamus and pituitary are
working normally, they sense when:
Disease or tumors of the pituitary gland can affect this
See a picture of
thyroid hormone production.
Thyroid hormones affect every cell and all the organs of the body.
August 7, 2012
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
We are happy to take your appointment request over the phone, or, you may fill out an online request form.
Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.