is a surgical procedure in which a
fallopian tubes are blocked, cut, or sealed to prevent
her eggs from traveling from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes, where they
could be fertilized by a sperm.
Tubal ligation is a highly effective form of
birth control that is almost always permanent.
Reversing a tubal ligation by reattaching the cut or sealed ends of the tubes
is a major surgery.
The success of surgery to reverse a tubal ligation depends on:
Depending on the method used for tubal ligation and how much of the
fallopian tube is damaged after tubal ligation, success rates for reversals are
about 70% to 80%.1
Women who have had a tubal ligation reversed have a
higher-than-average risk of a fertilized egg implanting in the fallopian tube (ectopic pregnancy)
rather than in the uterus. This can become a life-threatening emergency.
Other considerations about having a tubal ligation reversed include
Speroff L, Darney PD (2011). Sterilization. In A Clinical Guide for Contraception, 5th ed., pp. 381–404. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
May 3, 2012
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
& Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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