Click here to find your risk of a heart attack in the next 10 years.
Use this tool if you:
If you have diabetes or heart disease, your doctor can help you find out your risk for a heart attack.
This tool is one way to find your risk of having a heart attack. This tool is a common one that doctors use. But your doctor might find your risk using a different, but similar, method. All of these methods, including this tool, are based on your risk factors for heart disease. Some methods include risk factors that are not used in this tool (such as diabetes and family history). Methods used to calculate your heart attack risk are not perfect. But they give you and your doctor a good idea about your risk. And they can help you decide if you should take steps to prevent a heart attack.
Before you use this tool, you need to know your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. You will also answer questions about important risk factors for heart disease. These risk factors are:
This tool is based on
information from the Framingham Heart Study. Since 1948 the Framingham Heart
Study has studied the progression of heart disease and its risk factors. The
data from this study has been used to make a risk assessment. This risk
assessment was created by the U.S. National Cholesterol Education Program
(NCEP), part of the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services.
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Your score will appear
in values from 1% to 99%. If your score is 5%, it means that 5 out of 100
people with this level of risk will have a heart attack in the next 10 years.
If your score is 10%, it means that 10 out of 100 people with this level of
risk will have a heart attack in the next 10 years.
Your doctor uses your risk score to help decide
whether you need treatment to lower your risk for heart attack. Based on your
risk, your doctor will likely suggest that you follow a healthy lifestyle, such
as eating healthy and being active. Your doctor will also use your risk score
to decide whether you need to take medicines. Your doctor may prescribe:
If you are concerned about your score,
talk to your doctor about lowering your risk for a heart attack. You can make
lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking or changing your diet, that can
substantially reduce your chances of heart attack. But if your risk is high,
your doctor may suggest that you start taking medicines to lower your chance of
having a heart attack.
For more information, see the topics
Coronary Artery Disease,
High Cholesterol, and
High Blood Pressure.
This information was adapted from the National Cholesterol Education
Program and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, a part of the National
Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
(2004). Risk Assessment tool for estimating your 10-year risk of having a heart
attack. Available online
Other Works Consulted
Greenland P, et al. (2010). 2010 ACCF/AHA guideline for assessment of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic adults: A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 56(25): e50–e103.
Grundy SM, et al. (2001). Executive summary of the
third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel
on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults
(Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA, 285(19):
Grundy SM, et al. (2004). Implications of recent
clinical trials of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment
Panel III Guidelines. Circulation, 110(2): 227–239.
[Erratum in Circulation, 110(6): 763.]
September 10, 2012
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
& Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
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