Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
is often caused by a
combination of different types of bacteria, so a combination (regimen) of
medicines is used to treat the infection. Treatment changes as new medicines
are developed or as the bacteria that cause the infection become
resistant to old medicines. The antibiotic used depends on the severity of the infection. These medicines may be taken orally, as an injection, or through a vein (intravenous, or IV). Some women need to be
hospitalized for pelvic inflammatory disease treatment.
Antibiotics kill the various bacteria
that cause PID.
Antibiotics are used if you have one
or more signs of PID and you are at risk for PID.
Not all women who have PID will have pelvic pain. This is
why many experts say that women should be treated for PID if they are at risk
for PID and have pain when the cervix is moved, especially if there is an
abnormal cervical discharge.
Antibiotic treatment kills the
bacteria causing PID. The risks of a future tubal pregnancy (ectopic pregnancy),
ongoing (chronic) pelvic pain, and
infertility are less if you start treatment
All medicines have side effects. But many people don't feel the side effects, or they are able to deal with them. Ask your pharmacist about the side effects of each medicine you take. Side effects are also listed in the information that comes with your medicine.
Here are some important things to think about:
or other emergency services right away if you have:
Call your doctor right away if you have:
Call your doctor right away if you have:
Common side effects of these medicines include:
See Drug Reference
for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all
Doxycycline can make your skin more sensitive to the sun.
Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) may not work as well while you are taking doxycycline. Talk to your doctor about how you can avoid pregnancy.
Completely avoid alcohol use (including nonprescription nighttime cold medicines, such as NyQuil) when you are taking metronidazole. Combining alcohol with this medicine may cause severe nausea and vomiting.
Medicine is one of the many tools your doctor has to treat a health problem. Taking medicine as your doctor suggests will improve your health and may prevent future problems. If you don't take your medicines properly, you may be putting your health (and perhaps your life) at risk.
There are many reasons why people have trouble taking their medicine. But in most cases, there is something you can do. For suggestions on how to work around common problems, see the topic Taking Medicines as Prescribed.
If you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant, do not use any medicines unless your doctor tells you to. Some medicines can harm your baby. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbs, and supplements. And make sure that all your doctors know that you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Complete the new medication information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this medication.
February 6, 2013
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
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