Health Encyclopedia > Medications

ethambutol

Pronunciation: eth AM bue tol

Brand: Myambutol

Ethambutol 400 mg-BAR

oval, white, imprinted with b, 923 400

Image of Ethambutol 400 mg-BAR
slide 1 of 3
    

Ethambutol 400 mg-VER

round, white, imprinted with VP, 1 4

Image of Ethambutol 400 mg-VER
slide 2 of 3
    

Myambutol 400 mg

round, white, imprinted with LL, M 7

Image of Myambutol 400 mg
slide 3 of 3
    

What is the most important information I should know about ethambutol?

Multum finish

Take all of the ethambutol that has been prescribed for you even if you begin to feel better. Your symptoms may begin to improve before the infection is completely treated.

Call your doctor immediately if you experience changes in vision (e.g., blurring, red-green color blindness) or a rash.

What is ethambutol?

Ethambutol is an antibiotic. It prevents growth of the tuberculous bacteria in the body.

Ethambutol is used to treat tuberculosis (TB).

Ethambutol may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking ethambutol?

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have

  • ever had an allergic reaction to ethambutol;
  • cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, or optic neuritis; or
  • kidney disease.

You may not be able to take ethambutol, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above.

Multum nopreg

It is not known whether ethambutol will be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment.

Multum nobrfeed

It is also not known whether ethambutol will be harmful to a nursing baby. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I take ethambutol?

Take ethambutol exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Multum water

Take each dose with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.

Ethambutol can be taken with or without food. Taking ethambutol with food may decrease stomach upset.

Multum finish

Take all of the ethambutol that has been prescribed for you even if you begin to feel better. Your symptoms may begin to improve before the infection is completely treated.

Ethambutol is usually combined with one or more other tuberculosis medicines.

Multum rt

Store this medication at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and take the next one as directed. Do not take a double dose of this medication.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.

Symptoms of an ethambutol overdose are unknown.

What should I avoid while taking ethambutol?

There are no restrictions on foods, beverages, or activities during treatment with ethambutol unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

What are the possible side effects of ethambutol?

Multum emt

If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking ethambutol and seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor immediately:

  • an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives);
  • vision changes (e.g., blurring, red-green color blindness);
  • a rash;
  • numbness or tingling in your fingers, toes, hands, or feet;
  • confusion, disorientation, or hallucinations; or
  • fever.

Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take ethambutol and talk to your doctor if you experience

  • stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or decreased appetite;
  • headache;
  • mild dizziness;
  • worsening gout; or
  • joint pain.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect ethambutol?

Do not take antacids that contain aluminum within several hours of taking a dose of ethambutol. Aluminum will decrease the amount of ethambutol that is absorbed by the body. If you need an antacid, ask your doctor or pharmacist to recommend one that is aluminum free.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with ethambutol. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal products.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about ethambutol.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2013 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 2.06. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read, understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

USNWR 2013-2014Magnet Hospital RecognitionConsumer Choice2014 Best DoctorsJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.