Health Encyclopedia > Medications

ketoconazole topical

Pronunciation: kee toe KOE na zole

Brand: Extina, Ketodan, Kuric, Nizoral A-D, Nizoral Topical, Xolegel

Ketoconazole 2% Cream-FOU

Image of Ketoconazole 2% Cream-FOU
slide 1 of 3
    

Ketoconazole 2% Cr-TAR

Image of Ketoconazole 2% Cr-TAR
slide 2 of 3
    

Ketoconazole 2% Sham-PER

Image of Ketoconazole 2% Sham-PER
slide 3 of 3
    

What is the most important information I should know about ketoconazole topical?

Multum donot

You should not use ketoconazole topical if you are allergic to it.

Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antifungal medication.

Multum donot

Do not use bandages or dressings over the treated skin areas, unless your doctor has told you to.

Multum avoideyes

Avoid getting this medication in your eyes, nose, or mouth.

Multum emt

Stop using ketoconazole topical and call your doctor if you have severe burning, irritation, redness, pain, or oozing where the medicine is applied.

Multum smoking

Ketoconazole topical gel is flammable. Do not use it while you are smoking or near an open flame.

Multum nochild

Do not use this medication on a child younger than 12 years old.

What is ketoconazole topical?

Ketoconazole topical is an antifungal medication that prevents fungus from growing on your skin.

Ketoconazole topical is used to treat fungal infections of the skin such as athlete's foot, jock itch, ringworm, and seborrhea (dry, flaking skin).

Ketoconazole topical is available as a cream, gel, and as a shampoo. The shampoo is used for the treatment of dandruff.

Ketoconazole topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using ketoconazole topical?

Multum donot

You should not use ketoconazole topical if you are allergic to it.

Multum nopreg

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether ketoconazole topical will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.

Multum nobrfeed

It is not known whether ketoconazole topical passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. You should not breast-feed if you have applied ketoconazole topical to your breast area.

Multum nochild

Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 12 years old without medical advice.

How should I apply ketoconazole topical?

Use exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Multum donot

Do not use ketoconazole topical to treat any skin condition that has not been checked by your doctor.

Multum icon27

Wash your hands before and after using this medication.

Clean and dry the affected area. Apply a thin layer of the cream or gel to the affected skin area as directed. This medicine is usually used for only 2 to 4 weeks.

Wait at least 20 minutes after applying this medicine before you use cosmetics or sunscreen on the treated skin area. Do not wash the treated skin for at least 3 hours after applying ketoconazole topical.

Multum donot

Do not use bandages or dressings over the treated skin areas, unless your doctor has told you to.

Use the shampoo twice per week, unless your doctor has told you otherwise. Apply enough shampoo to create a lather and massage the scalp for 1 minute. Rinse thoroughly and repeat, leaving the lather on for an additional 3 minutes. Then rinse it off completely. Allow at least 3 days to pass between uses of ketoconazole shampoo.

Multum emt

Call your doctor if your condition does not improve within 2 weeks, or if your symptoms get worse.

Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antifungal medication.

Multum rt

Store ketoconazole topical at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Multum smoking

Ketoconazole topical gel is flammable. Avoid using near open flame, and do not smoke until the gel has completely dried on your skin.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

An overdose of ketoconazole topical is not expected to be dangerous. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222 if anyone has accidentally swallowed the medication.

What should I avoid while using ketoconazole topical?

Multum avoideyes

Avoid getting this medication in your eyes, mouth, and nose, or on your lips. If it does get into any of these areas, wash with water.

Avoid covering treated skin areas with tight-fitting, synthetic clothing (such as nylon or polyester) that doesn't allow air to circulate to your skin. If you are treating your feet, wear clean cotton socks and sandals or shoes that allow for air circulation. Keep your feet as dry as possible.

Avoid using other skin or hair products that can cause irritation, such as harsh soaps or shampoos or skin cleansers, hair coloring or permanent chemicals, hair removers or waxes, or skin products with alcohol, spices, astringents, or lime. Do not use other medicated skin products unless your doctor has told you to.

What are the possible side effects of ketoconazole topical?

Multum emt

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Multum donot

Stop using ketoconazole topical and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • severe itching, burning, or irritation where the medicine is applied;
  • oily or dry scalp, mild hair loss;
  • redness, pain, or oozing of treated skin areas; or
  • eye redness, swelling, or irritation.

Less serious side effects include:

  • mild skin itching or irritation;
  • dry skin; or
  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect ketoconazole topical?

There may be other drugs that can affect ketoconazole topical. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about ketoconazole topical.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2013 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 3.01. Revision date: 9/6/2012.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read, understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

USNWR 2013-2014Magnet Hospital RecognitionConsumer Choice2014 Best DoctorsJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.