The Great 8 Nutrition Quiz: Answers
Test your nutrition knowledge with these questions.
- True or False: Dietary factors are associated with each of the following diseases: cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis.
- In the early 1990s, there were no states that had an adult obesity rate of more than 25%. How many states today have obesity rates of more than 25%?
- The top source of calories overall for ages 2 and older is:
A. Yeast-based breads
C. Grain-based desserts
D. Soda/energy/sports drinks
- The recommended amount of sodium that applies to about half the U.S. population, including children and the majority of adults, is 1,500 milligrams (mg) a day. The average sodium intake of all Americans 2 and older is:
A. 1,400 mg
B. 2,400 mg
C. 3,400 mg
D. 4,400 mg
- Saturated fatty acids contribute an average of 11% of the total calories to the American diet. Consuming less than 10% of saturated fatty acids and replacing them with monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with low blood cholesterol levels. Which of the following sets of fatty acid products are the best for you?
A. Coconut oil and butter
B. Beef fat and palm oil
C. Safflower and canola oil
D. Shortening and soft margarine
Safflower and canola oil have the lowest amounts of saturated fatty acid. They are both high in monounsaturated fat. Coconut and palm oil have the highest amounts of saturated fat, followed by butter. Soft margarine has moderate levels of all three types of fats.
- Added sugars are those added to foods during processing, preparation or at the table. They contribute an average of 16% of the total calories in American diets. The body's response to sugar is not different whether it is a natural sugar in the food or whether it is added, but added sugars contain no essential nutrients and no dietary fiber, supplying only calories. Which food contains the highest source of added sugar in American diets?
A. Grain-based desserts
B. Soda/energy/sports drinks
C. Sugar-sweetened fruit drinks
D. Dairy-based desserts
Soda/energy/sports drinks account for 36% of added sugars in the diets of Americans. The other top specific products are: grain-based desserts (13%), sugar-sweetened fruit drinks (10.5%) and dairy-based desserts (6.5%).
- True or False: Refined grains are not considered as healthy as whole grains.
True. Dietary fiber and some vitamins and minerals are lost in the refining process; also, many refined grains, when consumed beyond recommended levels, provide excess calories because they are high in solid fats and added sugars.
- True or False: Moderate alcohol consumption is defined as one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men. People should drink moderately to take advantage of beneficial effects.
False. Moderate alcohol consumption may have beneficial effects. Evidence shows it is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and with reduced risk of all-cause mortality among middle-aged and older adults, and that it may help to keep cognitive function intact with age.
However, moderate alcohol consumption also is associated with increased risk of breast cancer, violence, drowning, and injuries from falls and motor vehicle crashes. It is not recommended that anyone begin drinking or drink more frequently on the basis of potential health benefits.
Source:The quiz is derived from information in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention publication Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010.