A goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland, which is a butterfly-shaped
gland in the front of the neck. A goiter often causes a noticeable swelling in
A goiter can be caused by a lack of iodine in the diet, a tumor or
nodule on the gland, a thyroid disease, or, in rare cases, cancer. In many parts of
the world, goiters are most common in people who have hypothyroidism, in which
the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, related to a
low-iodine diet. In the United States, most people with goiters have chronic
autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis).
An enlarged thyroid may produce normal amounts of thyroid hormone,
or it may produce less- or greater-than-normal amounts. Treatment for a goiter
depends on what is causing it.
August 7, 2012
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
We are happy to take your appointment request over the phone, or, you may fill out an online request form.
Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.