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Glycogen Storage Disease Type V

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Glycogen Storage Disease Type V is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type V
  • Glycogenosis Type V
  • Myophosphorylase Deficiency
  • GSD V
  • Glycogen Storage Disease
  • McArdle Disease

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Glycogen storage disease type V (McArdle Disease or GSD-V) is one of several inherited glycogen storage diseases all of which are caused by failures of specific enzymes required for the storage of energy-supplying glycogen. In the case of GSD-V, symptoms are caused by the lack of the crucial enzyme muscle phosphorylase (myophosphorylase). This enzyme is needed for the breakdown of glycogen (the body's form of stored energy) into sugar (glucose) in muscle tissues. All of the glycogen storage diseases are characterized by the inability to break down glycogen, but in each case this occurs for a different reason. Unlike most of the other GSDs, type V has two autosomal recessive forms, a childhood-onset form and an adult-onset form. In addition, there is a much more rare autosomal dominant form of GSD-V. The clinical features of GSD-V are exercise intolerance, muscle cramping, and dark, burgundy-colored urine due to the presence of myoglobin (myoglobinuria).

Resources

CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)

Climb Building

176 Nantwich Road

Crewe, CW2 6BG

United Kingdom

Tel: 4408452412173

Fax: 4408452412174

Email: enquiries@climb.org.uk

Internet: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk



Association for Glycogen Storage Disease

P.O. Box 896

Durant, IA 52747

USA

Tel: (563)514-4022

Fax: (563)514-4022

Email: info@agsdus.org

Internet: http://www.agsdus.org



Vaincre Les Maladies Lysosomales

2 Ter Avenue

Massy, 91300

France

Tel: 0169754030

Fax: 0160111583

Email: accueil@vml-asso.org

Internet: http://www.vml-asso.org



Muscular Dystrophy Association

3300 East Sunrise Drive

Tucson, AZ 85718-3208

USA

Tel: (520)529-2000

Fax: (520)529-5300

Tel: (800)572-1717

Email: mda@mdausa.org

Internet: http://www.mda.org/



NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases

Office of Communications & Public Liaison

Bldg 31, Rm 9A06

31 Center Drive, MSC 2560

Bethesda, MD 20892-2560

Tel: (301)496-3583

Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov

Internet: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/



Association for Glycogen Storage Disease (UK) Ltd

Old Hambledon Racecourse

Sheardley Lane, Droxford

Hampshire, SO32 3QY

United Kingdom

Tel: 03001232790

Email: info@agsd.org.uk

Internet: http://www.agsd.org.uk



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  5/27/2008

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