Uterine Factor Infertility

Once an egg is fertilized and becomes an embryo it implants in the lining of the uterus (endometrium).  The uterus expands to accommodate the growth of a developing fetus and it must be free of serious defects.

Fibroids, also known as fibromyomas, leiomyomas or myomas, are non cancerous tumors that are outgrowths of the muscular wall of the uterus. Many times these tumors produce no symptoms and are discovered when the patient undergoes a hysterosalpingogram or sonohysterogram.  Fibroids can become large enough to obstruct the uterus thus interfering with embryo implantation and the ability to carry a child to term.

Polyps are caused by an overgrowth of the tissue lining the uterus (endometrium). Many times polyps are small and do not interfere with embryo development.  When they enlarge they can restrict the uterine cavity impairing implantation and development.

Some women are born with congenital abnormalities of the uterus such as the septate or bicornuate (two-horned) uterus which is heart shaped and divided into two cavities. Pregnancy can occur in many of these women; however, the miscarriage rate is much higher if a septum is present.

Many times a skilled reproductive surgeon can surgically remove polyps and fibroids causing only minimal scarring. Sometimes congenital abnormalities can be corrected by surgically reshaping the uterus.

When there is severe uterine damage the only alternative for creating a genetically related child is to use a surrogate mother.  The infertile couple undergoes an IVF  cycle and the resultant embryo is implanted in the surrogate who carries and delivers the baby.

 

 

 

 

Quick Reference

Reproductive Medicine

Patient Appointments
336-716-6476

Schedule an Appointment

Locations:

CompRehab Plaza
131 Miller Street, 2nd floor
Winston-Salem, NC 27157

Greensboro location
526 N. Elam Avenue
Suite 103
Greensboro, NC 27403

Hickory Location
Tate Medical Commons
1771 Tate Blvd SE
Hickory, NC 28602

Find a Doctor Ways to Give
Last Updated: 10-21-2014
USNWR 2013-2014Magnet Hospital RecognitionConsumer Choice2014 Best DoctorsJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.