What is a gynecologic oncologist?
Gynecologic Oncologist is a physician specializing in the treatment of female reproductive tract malignancies. This physician receives intense fellowship training in gynecologic oncology and is Board Certified through the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
What types of cancers does a gynecologic oncologist treat?
A gynecologic oncologist treats cancers of the ovary, fallopian tube, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva.
What types of treatments are used in treating malignancies of the female reproductive tract?
Most gynecologic cancers are treated with surgery which may involve minimally invasive robotic surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination of these methods. For example, advanced ovarian cancer is treated with radical surgery followed by chemotherapy.
What is robotic surgery?
Robotic surgery is a type of minimally invasive advanced laparoscopic surgery utilizing a robot to improve the surgical technique. This is accomplished through several small incisions in the abdomen rather than a large incision. Robotic surgery is typically used in the treatment of endometrial cancer in which the uterus, tubes, ovaries and surrounding lymph nodes are removed.
What is intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy?
This is a type of treatment utilized predominantly for ovarian for peritoneal cancers. At the time of surgery, after removal of the cancerous tissues, cannulas are placed inside the abdominal cavity and a heated chemotherapy solution is circulated throughout the abdomen for approximately two hours while still under anesthesia. The cannulas are then removed the surgery is completed. Wake Forest School of Medicine has been pioneer in this type of treatment.
What is intraperitoneal cyclic chemotherapy?
Intraperitoneal cyclic chemotherapy is the use of chemotherapy drugs given through a special catheter placed inside the abdomen at the time of the initial surgery. This treatment is repeated on a cyclic basis, generally every three or four weeks. This type of therapy is generally observed for the treatment of ovarian cancer in specific situations.