Fracture Liaison Service
Factors Affecting Osteoporosis
Age: The older you get, the greater the risk.
Race: If you are white or of Asian descent.
Gender: One out of two women and one out of four men are likely to develop osteoporosis.
Family history: If someone in your family has had osteoporosis or a hip fracture.
Lifestyle: Inactive lifestyle.
Diet: A diet low in calcium and vitamin D.
Frame size: The smaller your frame, the greater your risk.
Certain medical conditions: Having type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease.
Sex hormones: A reduction of hormones. In women, estrogen loss occurs primarily during and after menopause; in men, testosterone loss occurs gradually. A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D becomes particularly important during these years.
Smoking: Recent studies have shown a direct relationship between tobacco use and decreased bone density. In addition, most studies on the effects of smoking suggest that smoking increases the risk of having a fracture. Not all studies support these findings, but the evidence is mounting.
Eating disorders: Anorexia or bulimia.