Hip Resurfacing FAQ
Wake Forest Baptist was the first hospital in the Triad to offer hip resurfacing, a type of hip surgery that is an alternative to standard total hip replacement. Hip resurfacing is designed to remove less of the patient’s bone than traditional hip replacement surgery.
What are some of the patient symptoms indicating a potential need for hip surgery or hip resurfacing?
Total hip replacement and hip resurfacing are designed to reduce hip pain and stiffness that develop in such conditions as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or injuries that cause the joint to become rough and worn, resulting in pain, swelling and stiffness when the bones rub together.
How is the hip resurfacing procedure different from traditional hip replacement?
With traditional hip replacement surgery, the entire ball of the hip joint is removed and replaced with a smaller metal ball. The new procedure, hip resurfacing, preserves more of the patient’s bone because only the surface of the joint’s ball is removed to implant a new metal surface or cap.
The other part of the hip resurfacing system is a shallow metal cup that replaces the damaged surface of the hip socket. The cap moves within the cup – just like the hip’s ball and socket joint. The surfaces that rub against each other are made from a highly-polished metal. The result is a more normally shaped joint. Research has shown that joints with two metal components wear better than traditional replacement joints made from metal and plastic.
What are the patient benefits after hip resurfacing recovery?
Benefits of the metal-on-metal system used in hip resurfacing include the following:
- Preserves patient’s bone
- Enables young, active patients to resume sports activities
- Eliminates hip dislocation and significantly reduces the problem of leg lengthening
- Eliminates the problems of proximal femoral stress shielding and osteolysis caused by plastic wear debris associated with traditional hips
Who are the primary patients for hip resurfacing?
Please discuss your surgical options with your orthopaedic surgeon who will work to design a plan customized to your needs.