If you need to undergo joint surgery, you want to choose doctors you trust. Our orthopaedics team at Wake Forest Baptist Health waas first hospital in the Triad to offer hip resurfacing.
Hip Resurfacing vs. Traditional Hip Replacement
Hip resurfacing removes less of the patient’s bone than traditional hip replacement surgery. There are two key differences:
- Ball: A full hip replacement removes the entire ball of the hip joint and replaces it with a smaller metal ball. Hip resurfacing removes only the surface of the ball, replacing it with metal or a cap.
- Socket: In the hip resurfacing system, a shallow metal cup replaces the damaged surface of the hip socket. The cap moves within the cup – just like the hip’s ball and socket joint. The surfaces that rub against each other are made from a highly polished metal, which results in a more normally shaped joint. Research has shown that joints with two metal components wear better than traditional replacement joints made from metal and plastic.
Because hip resurfacing procedures and others like it are relatively new, there is no long-term data on patients. However, results to date indicate that the success rate of hip resurfacing after the first five to 10 years is better than those of traditional total hip replacement.
Benefits of Hip Resurfacing
The metal-on-metal system used in hip resurfacing offers patients many advantages, including
- Preserves bone
- Enables young, active patients to resume sports activities
- Eliminates hip dislocation
- Significantly reduces the problem of leg lengthening
- Eliminates the problems of proximal femoral stress shielding and osteolysis caused by the plastic wear debris associated with traditional hip replacement
Am I a Candidate for Hip Resurfacing?
Hip resurfacing is performed to reduce hip pain and stiffness in patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or injuries that cause the joint to become rough and worn, resulting in pain, swelling and stiffness when the bones rub together.
Candidates for the hip resurfacing surgery include:
- People under age 65 with hip arthritis
- Very active people over age 65