Is Surgery Necessary?
Major joints in the body are the hip, knee and shoulder. A joint is a special structure in the body where the ends of 2 or more bones meet. Cartilage covers the ends of the bones and "cushions" them for smooth, easy movement.
When a joint is diseased, such as with arthritis, the cartilage wears away. The bones become rough and grind together, causing pain and disability.
Examples of Joints Needing Repair
The main benefit of total joint replacement is pain relief. The decision to undergo surgery is a personal one. The patient and physician should discuss fully the procedure and all risks associated with it fully before reaching a decision.
An orthopaedic surgeon evaluates patients referred to the Joint Replacement Program. A history and physical are performed and a review of medical records and radiological studies is conducted.
Treatment recommendations are based upon findings and diagnosis, in conjunction with age, activity level, and medical history of the patient. Treatment may be surgical or non-surgical. Options are discussed with the patient as part of education and counseling by the orthopaedic surgeon.
Non-surgical treatment includes anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and/or individually designed home exercise program.