Hyperbaric Oxygen Ambulance for Stroke Patients

Welcome to the Advancement of Acute Stroke Treatment with Ambulance based Hyperbaric Oxygen Research.

Stroke Ambulance Prototype

North Carolina has one of the highest stroke rates in the United States resulting in great disability, financial loss, and death to a large number of North Carolina citizens. In 2005 the total stroke hospital charges in North Carolina were $540 million. The average hospital charges per stroke patient stay in North Carolina in 2005 were $20,000. In 2005 there were 27,557 stroke patients discharged from North Carolina hospitals. In 2006 there were 4,551 stroke deaths in North Carolina. In 2008 the direct and indirect cost of stroke in the United States was $65.5 billion dollars.  goal thermometer

We are developing a prototype Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber equipped Stroke Treatment Ambulance. This prototype ambulance is being designed, built, and tested for safety, and the ambulance will become the foundation for a Phase II application to the National Institutes of Health to do human clinical trial testing necessary for FDA approval of the scientific principals outlined in our 2011 publication of successful hyperbaric oxygen human stroke treatment by McCormick, Houle, Saltzman, Whaley, and Roy. Our work is directed towards using ambulance based hyperbaric oxygen as a bridge to better acute stroke treatment with tPA for thousands more stroke patients each year.

Please donate and help us develop and build the first prototype hyperbaric oxygen acute stroke treatment ambulance. 

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Wake Forest Baptist Researcher Recognized by International Society
UHMS Fellow Award 2014James McCormick, Ph.D., Director of Aerospace, Hyperbaric and Undersea Medicine Research in the Department of Anesthesiology at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center (on the left in the picture), has been recognized as a Fellow of Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine by the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) at their Annual Scientific Meeting in Saint Louis, June 20, 2014.  Presenting the Award to Dr. McCormick in the center of the picture is Dr. Peter Bennett, Executive Secretary of the UHMS, and on the right is Dr. John Feldmeier, President of the UHMS.  

This honor is given to members of UHMS in good standing who have devoted significant time and effort to the practice or advancement of Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine, achieved a high level of expertise in their field, and demonstrate professional and ethical standards consistent with the aims and expectations of the UHMS.    

UHMS is an international, non-profit organization that serves as an important source of scientific and medical information pertaining to hyperbaric medicine.  The Society was formed in 1967 at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center Institute for Environmental Medicine.

Pressure Article 1-2015

Pressure  (The Membership Newsletter of the Undersea & Hyperbaric Medical Society) of January/February 2015) is featuring an article, "Progress Report:  Stroke Ambulance Project" about our work. 

Wake Forest Health Sciences of the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center is working to help acute stroke patients in the United States. The goal is to develop a prototype stroke treatment ambulance equipped with a hyperbaric oxygen chamber to extend patient availability and effectiveness of tPA FDA approved stroke treatment for thousands more stroke patients each year. (Full Article)


James G. McCormick, PhD
Dr. James McCormick and Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber
Director of  Aerospace, Hyperbaric & Undersea Medicine Research, Department of Anesthesiology
Past, Director of Research and Associate Professor of Otolaryngology, Wake Forest School of Medicine
Past, Chairman of Program Development for the World Federation of Neurology
Past, Visiting Professor of Psychology with Rank of Full Professor, Wake Forest University

Raymond C. Roy, MD, PhD
Professor Emeritus of Anesthesiology
Former Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology
Former President, Wake Forest  University Physicians
Department of Anesthesiology
Wake Forest School of Medicine

“This research really excites me in two ways! First, it is a community-based project and that makes it unique. Second, if stroke symptoms can be reversed with hyperbaric oxygen, then embolus-dissolving therapy may be able to minimize the brain damage associated with the stroke. Outcomes could dramatically improve.” ~ Dr. Raymond Roy

Dr. Joseph TobinJoseph R. Tobin, MD, FAAP, FCCM 
Professor Emeritus of Anesthesiology
Former Chairman Department of Anesthesiology
Member, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center Board of Directors (2011-2014)
Department of Anesthesiology
Wake Forest School of Medicine

"Dr. Jim McCormick, Dr. Ray Roy, Dr. Tim Houle, and Dr. Quinn McCutchen in our Anesthesiology Department have pioneered a cutting edge translational science approach to improving acute stroke patient care for North Carolina and the United States. As I have participated in U.S. Navy planning meetings for this project, I have been extremely impressed with the world class talent that has come together from many disciplines to insure success of this invaluable project." ~ Dr. Joseph Tobin



Dr. Jim McCormick seen below in 1998 at an early Hyperbaric Oxygen Stroke Treatment Planning Meeting in Washington D.C. with Dr. James Toole and keynote speaker, Astronaut/U.S. Senator John Glenn. At this time Dr. Toole was Director of the Stroke Research Center and Professor of Neurology at Wake Forest School of Medicine and President of the World Federation of Neurology. John Glenn was the fist American astronaut to orbit the Earth in 1962. Shortly after appearing with Dr. McCormick and Dr. Toole in 1998, he returned to space on a Space Shuttle research mission.
Dr. Toole, Senator John Glenn and Dr. James McCormick at Hyperbaric Oxygen Stroke Treatment Planning Meeting in 1998
Meeting: World Federation of Neurology Congress on Cerebral Ischemia, Vascular Dementia, Epilepsy and CNS Injury - New Aspects of Prevention and Treatment from Space and Underwater Explorations. Silver Plate reads: "Senator John Glenn - God Speed on your STS-95 Space Shuttle Flight - World Federation of Neurology."

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Our published medical research indicates that a Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber Equipped Stroke Treatment Ambulance would extend the safe 3-hour FDA approved window for administration of brain blood circulation clot-dissolving treatment and produce a dramatic improvement of the positive benefit of the treatment.  This would open up better acute stroke care for thousands of stroke patients in North Carolina and the United States.



Last Updated: 10-10-2016
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