Barry E. Stein, PhD

Barry E. Stein, PhD

Professor and Chair

E-mail: bestein@wakehealth.edu

Education

City University of New York, 1971

Research

Our objective is to understand the neural basis by which the brain is able to integrate information from multiple senses. This process of multisensory integration is highly adaptive. It knits together information from different channels to allow the brain to amplify minimal signals and reduce ambiguity when detecting, identifying and reacting to environmental events. It is also critical to our seamless perceptual experiences.

One practical objective has been to understand how the physiological properties of individual multisensory neurons, and networks of neurons, contribute to these functions. In trying to accomplish our overall aim of understanding the relationship between cellular processes and perception and behavior, we use multidisciplinary anatomical, physiological, behavioral and perceptual approaches. Our lab group has also had a longstanding interest in how the brain develops the capacity to synthesize information from different senses and, specifically, how early sensory experiences craft the circuits underlying multisensory integration to ensure that the resultant product is well adapted to the environment. 

Selected Publications

Jiang, H., Stein, B.E, and McHaffie, J.G. Opposing basal ganglia processes shape midbrain visuomotor activity bilaterally. Nature 423: 982-986, 2003.

Wallace, M.T., Ramachandran, R. and Stein, B.E. A new view of sensory cortical parcellation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci 101(7): 2167-2172, 2004.

Wallace, M.T., Perrault, T.P., Hairston, W.D. and Stein, B.E. Visual experience is necessary for the development of multisensory integration. J. Neurosci. 24: 9580-9584, 2004.

Stein, B.E.  The development of a dialogue between cortex and midbrain to integrate multisensory information.  Exp. Brain Res. 166: 305-315, 2005.

Stanford, T.R., Quessy, S., and Stein, B.E.  Evaluating the operations underlying multisensory integration in cat superior colliculus.  J. Neurosci.  25(28): 6499-6508, 2005.

Alvarado, J.C., Vaughan, J.W., Stanford, T.R., and Stein, B.E.  Multisensory versus unisensory integration: contrasting modes in the superior colliculus.  J. Neurophysiol. 97: 3193-3205, 2007.

Rowland, B.A., Quessy, S., Stanford, T.R., and Stein, B.E.  Multisensory integration shortens physiological response latencies.  J. Neurosci. 27: 5879-5884, 2007.

Jiang, W., Jiang, H., Rowland, B.A., and Stein, B.E.  Multisensory orientation behavior is disrupted by neonatal cortical ablation.  J. Neurophysiol. 97(1): 557-562, 2007.

Rowland, B.A., Stanford, T.R., and Stein, B.E.  A model of the neural mechanisms underlying multisensory integration in the superior colliculus.  Perception [Special Issue on Multisensory Integration] 36: 1431-1443, 2007.

Alvarado, J.C., Stanford, T.R., Vaughan, J.W., and Stein, B.E.  Cortex mediates multisensory but not unisensory integration in superior colliculus.  J. Neurosci. 27(47): 12775-12786, 2007.

Rowland, B.A. and Stein, B.E.  Multisensory integration produces an initial response enhancement.  Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 1(4): 1-8, 2007.

Stein, B.E. and Stanford, T.R.  Multisensory integration: current issues from the perspective of the single neuron.  Nature Rev. Neurosci. 9(4): 255-266, 2008.

Fuentes-Santamaria, V., Alvarado, J.C., McHaffie, J.G., and Stein, B.E.  Axon morphologies and convergence patterns of projections from different sensory-specific cortices of the anterior ectosylvian sulcus onto multisensory neurons in the cat superior colliculus.  Cerebral Cortex 19(12): 2902-2915, 2009.

Gingras, G., Rowland, B.A., and Stein, B.E. The differing impact of multisensory and unisensory integration on behavior.  J. Neurosci.  29(15): 4897-4902, 2009.

Jiang, H., Stein, B.E., and McHaffie, J.G.  Cortical lesion-induced visual hemineglect is prevented by NMDA antagonist pretreatment.  J. Neurosci.29(21): 6917-6925, 2009.

Alvarado, J.C., Stanford, T.R., Rowland, B.A., Vaughan, J.W., and Stein, B.E.  Multisensory integration in the superior colliculus requires synergy among corticocollicular inputs.  J. Neurosci. 29(20): 6580-6592, 2009.

Stein, B.E., Stanford, T.R., Ramachandran, R., Perrault Jr., T.J., and Rowland, B.A. Challenges in quantifying multisensory integration: Alternative criteria, models, and inverse effectiveness.  Exp Brain Res. 198: 113-126, 2009.

Stein, B.E., Stanford, T.R., and Rowland, B.A.  The neural basis of multisensory integration in the midbrain:  Its organization and maturation.  Hearing Research 258(1-2): 4-15, 2009.

Stein, B.E., Perrault, Jr., T.J., Stanford, T.R., and Rowland, B.A.  Postnatal experiences influence how the brain integrates information from different senses.  Front. Integr. Neurosci. 3(21): 1-12, 2009.

Yu, L., Stein, B.E., and Rowland, B.A.  Adult plasticity in multisensory neurons: Short-term experience-dependent changes in the superior colliculus.  J. Neurosci. 29(50): 15910-15922, 2009.  

Yu, L., Rowland, B.A., and Stein, B.E.  Initiating the development of multisensory integration by manipulating sensory experience.  J. Neurosci. 30(14): 4904-4913, 2010.

Stein, B.E., Burr, D., Constantinidis, C., Laurienti, P.J., Meredith, M.A., Perrault, Jr., T.J., Ramachandran, R., Röder, B., Rowland, B.A., Sathian, K., Schroeder, C.E., Shams, L., Stanford, T.R., Wallace, M.T., Yu , L., and Lewkowicz, D.J.  Semantic confusion regarding the development of multisensory integration: A practical solution.  Eur. J. Neurosci.  31: 1713-1720, 2010.

Cuppini, C., Ursino, M., Magosso, E., Rowland, B.A., and Stein, B.E.  An emergent model of multisensory integration in superior colliculus neurons.  Front. Integr. Neurosci. 4(6): 1-15, 2010.

Perrault, Jr., T.J., Stein, B.E., and Rowland, B.A.  Non-stationarity in multisensory neurons in the superior colliculus.  Frontiers in Perception Science (In Press), 2011.

Stein, B.E. and Rowland, B.A.  Organization and plasticity in multisensory integration:  Early and late experience affects its governing principles.  Prog. Brain Res. (In Press), 2011.

Cuppini, C., Stein, B.E., Magosso, E., Rowland, B.A., and Ursino, M.  A computational study of multisensory maturation in the superior colliculus.  Exp. Brain Res. (In Press), 2011.

Quick Reference

Neurobiology & Anatomy

Phone 336-716-4368

Dr. Barry E. Stein
Chairman

bestein@wakehealth.edu

Dr. Barry E. Stein, Chairman
Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Medical Center Boulevard
Winston-Salem, NC  27157-1010
Find A Doctor Ways to Give
Last Updated: 03-10-2014
USNWR 2013-2014Magnet Hospital RecognitionConsumer Choice2014 Best DoctorsJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.