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Program Goals and Objectives

Patient Care:

  • Provide reliable, accurate, and timely pathologic diagnostic services
  • Provide appropriate and effective pathology consultation services
  • Acquire procedural and cognitive skills necessary to perform these functions, as outlined in descriptions of specific rotations
  • In direct encounters with patients, families, or donors:
    • Behave with compassion and respect for patient autonomy and privacy
    • Perform interviews and physical examinations, as needed
    • Obtain informed consent, as needed
    • Document encounter in medical record per hospital policies and procedure

 Medical Knowledge:

  • Acquire knowledge of established and evolving biomedical, clinical, epidemiological, and social-behavioral sciences
  • Apply this knowledge to patient care
  • Provide expertise in interpretation of laboratory data as a part of patient-care decision-making and patient-care consultation
  • Participate in pathology conferences, rounds, teaching and scholarly activity
  • Gain experience in the management and direction of a pathology laboratory: education in quality assurance, safety, and regulations
  • Use hospital and laboratory information systems
  • Integrate published medical knowledge and clinical experience
  • Use information technology
  • Use evidence to support clinical decisions
  • Use practice guidelines established by professional societies

 Practice-Based Learning and Improvement:

  • Engage in reflection and self-assessment to identify strengths, weaknesses, and knowledge deficits
  • Incorporate feedback from others into practice
  • Set learning and improvement goals
  • Take appropriate steps to achieve goals
  • Develop the habit of life-long learning
  • Use information technology to optimize learning
  • Assess the quality of medical literature
  • Practice evidence-based medicine
  • Participate in quality improvement activities to improve practice outcomes
  • Participate in education of patients, families, students, residents, and other health professionals

 Interpersonal and Communication Skills:

  • Write clear, concise, and accurate pathology reports that demonstrate an understanding of the needs of clinicians and patients
  • Provide expert consultation in pathology to other health care professionals, officers of the court, and policy and government agencies
  • Use effective verbal and non-verbal communication skills in interactions with others
  • Work effectively as a member, and eventually a leader, of a health care team or other professional group


  • Place the needs of the patient first
  • Respect patient privacy and autonomy
  • Maintain civil and respectful relationships with others
  • Behave with honesty and integrity and adhere to ethical principles
  • Demonstrate a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities: be punctual, be available, be dependable, accep responsibility, accept feedback on performance, acknowledge errors, work to improve, and finish work in a timely fashion
  • Complete evaluations of rotations and faculty providing effective and constructive feedback
  • Behave with sensitivity, compassion, and empathy toward a diverse patient population and co-workers
  • Strive to be a role model of professionalism

 Systems-Based Practice:

  • Understand the role of the pathologist and laboratory-based medicine in the health care system at the local, regional, national, and international level
  • Understand the role of professional societies in setting practice guidelines, education, and advocacy
  • Be an advocate for patients
  • Use the resources of the system to ensure availability of services
  • Use expertise to ensure appropriateness of care
  • Improve quality of care through assessment of self (see PBLI), local practice, and health care system
  • Perform risk-benefit analysis and cost awareness in making patient-care decisions
  • Optimize patient safety
  • Identify system problems and errors and find and implement solutions
  • Learn coding systems
  • Understand reimbursement system  


Quick Reference

Pathology Residency Training Program
Program Director:
Nancy S. Rosenthal, MD

Tel: 336-716-4311
Fax: 336-716-7595

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center
Medical Center Boulevard
Winston-Salem, NC 27157
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Last Updated: 05-11-2018
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Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.

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